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Island M.-L.,University of Rennes 1 | Fatih N.,University of Rennes 1 | Leroyer P.,University of Rennes 1 | Brissot P.,University of Rennes 1 | And 5 more authors.
Biochemical Journal | Year: 2011

Hepcidin, a hormone mainly synthesized by hepatocytes and secreted in plasma, controls iron bioavailability. Thus, by inducing the internalization of the iron exporter ferroportin, it regulates iron release from macrophages, enterocytes and hepatocytes towards plasma. Abnormal levels of hepcidin expression alter plasma iron parameters and lead to iron metabolism disorders. Understanding the mechanisms controlling hepcidin (HAMP encodes hepcidin) gene expression is therefore an important goal. We identified a potential GATA-binding site within the human hepcidin promoter. Indeed, in hepatic HepG2 cells, luciferase experiments demonstrated that mutation of this GATA-binding site impaired the hepcidin promoter transcriptional activity in basal conditions. Gel-retardation experiments showed that GATA-4 could bind to this site. Co-transfection of a GATA-4 expression vector with a hepcidin promoter reporter construct enhanced hepcidin promoter transcriptional activity. Furthermore, modulation of GATA4 mRNA expression using specific siRNAs (small interfering RNAs) down-regulated endogenous hepcidin gene expression. Finally, we found that mutation of the GATAbinding site impaired the interleukin-6 induction of hepcidin gene expression, but did not prevent the bone morphogenetic protein-6 response. In conclusion, the findings of the present study (i) indicate that GATA-4 may participate in the control of hepcidin expression, and (ii) suggest that alteration of its expression could contribute to the development of iron-related disorders. © The Authors Journal compilation © 2011 Biochemical Society.

Bardou-Jacquet E.,University of Rennes 1 | Bardou-Jacquet E.,University Hospital Pontchaillou | Bardou-Jacquet E.,French National Center for Rare Genetic Iron Overload Diseases | Island M.-L.,University of Rennes 1 | And 16 more authors.
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases | Year: 2011

Background: DMT1 is a transmembrane iron transporter involved in iron duodenal absorption and cellular iron uptake. Mutations in the human SLC11A2 gene coding DMT1 lead to microcytic anemia and hepatic iron overload, with unexpectedly low levels of plasma ferritin in the presence of iron stores. Design and methods: We report a patient with a similar phenotype due to two mutations in the SLC11A2 gene, the known p.Gly212Val (G212V) mutation and a novel one, p.Asn491Ser (N491S). To assess the expression of DMT1 in human liver, we studied the expression of the four DMT1 mRNA isoforms by real-time quantitative PCR in control human liver samples. We also studied the effect of G212V and N491S DMT1 mutations on RNA splicing in blood leukocytes and cellular trafficking of dsRed2-tagged-DMT1 protein in the human hepatic cell line HuH7. Results: Our results showed that i) only the isoforms 1B-IRE and 1B-nonIRE were significantly expressed in human liver; ii) the G212V mutation did not seem to affect mRNA splicing and the N491S mutation induced a splicing alteration leading to a truncated protein, which seemed quantitatively of low relevance; and iii) the N491S mutation, in contrast to the G212V mutation, led to abnormal protein trafficking. Conclusions: Our data confirm the major role of DMT1 in the maintenance of iron homeostasis in humans and demonstrate that the N491S mutation, through its deleterious effect on protein trafficking, contributes together with the G212V mutation to the development of anemia and hepatic iron overload. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

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