The French Institute of Petroleum is a public research organisation in France founded in 1944 as Institute of Oil, Fuels and Lubricants .The Institute is based at Rueil-Malmaison near Paris, and has sites near Lyon and at Pau. As of 2004, it had 1729 employees, a budget of 253 million euros, and was responsible for a post-graduate training centre, IFP School , and an extensive industrial training programme. IFP has designed several methods to assess the oil potential of a sedimentary rock, amongst others, the Rock-Eval technique using a standardized pyrolysis apparatus. This technique is used worldwide amongst petroleum companies to compare their results in the same way. Wikipedia.
French Institute of Petroleum and Herakles | Date: 2016-09-14
The present invention relates to a packing structure made up of an ordered arrangement of bundles of tubes (1). For each tube bundle, tubes (1) are oriented in the four directions formed by the diagonals of a rectangular parallelepiped having one dimension larger than the others.
French Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2016-07-27
French Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2016-07-29
In a reactor I a catalyst support impregnated with a solution of cobalt nitrate is oxidized at a calcining temperature comprised between 400 C. and 450 C. in order to produce a catalyst precursor comprising cobalt oxides. This catalyst precursor is contacted in reduction reactor A with reducing gas rich in hydrogen and with a low water content, by circulating the flow of reducing gas, so as to reduce the cobalt oxides to Co and to produce water. Water content is reduced to 200 ppmvol of the flow of reducing gas laden with water recovered at the outlet of the reactor A, and at least a part of the flow of reducing gas is recycled to the reactor A. In the process, the reducing gas is maintained at a water content less than 10,000 ppmvol in reactor A.
Mavel S.R.I. and French Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2016-12-01
An electric machine is described, said machine comprising: an alternating current electric motor comprising two semi-windings and an inverter comprising at least two inverter branches which are electrically connected each one to a respective semi-winding. The machine also comprises a control unit which provides respective control signals to the two inverter branches so that they induce two alternating currents of frequency f_(R )in the respective semi-windings. The control signals of the two inverter branches have a frequency f_(P )smaller than the frequency f_(R )and are also reciprocally out of phase by 180 relative to the frequency f_(P). This allows reducing ripples of the overall alternating current resulting from the sum of the two alternating currents provided by the two semi-windings, thereby approximating a sinusoidal waveform in a more accurate way and thereby reducing the power dissipated by the motor.
French Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2016-09-08
A device for monitoring an underground formation containing a fluid such as CO_(2 )or methane comprising a measuring cell (CM) arranged in a cavity, analysis means (MA) arranged on the surface and sealed connection means (ML) connecting measuring cell (CM) to analysis means (MA). The measuring cell comprises two chambers (CH1, CH2) that can sealingly communicate with one another. The First chamber (CH1) comprises a plurality of orifices (OR) allowing passage of the fluid into first chamber (CH1), at least two inner electrodes (EI) and fluid circulation means (MC). Second chamber (CH2) is impervious to the fluid.
French Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2016-09-14
Method for exploiting a fluid within an underground formation comprising a layer traversed by a fracture network and a well. From property measurements relative to the layer, the fracture network is characterized by statistical parameters and a discrete fracture network model is constructed. For each well, three simplification zones surrounding the well are defined. From the statistical parameters, an equivalent permeability tensor and a parameter characterizing the orientation and the vertical continuity of the fractures are determined for each zone. For each zone, a simplification of the discrete fracture network model is determined as a function of the zone, the equivalent permeability tensor and the value of the parameter. An optimum exploitation scheme is defined for the formation fluid from the simplified fracture network model and a flow simulator. Application: notably petroleum exploration and exploitation.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-02-2016 | Award Amount: 5.99M | Year: 2016
The decrease of CO2 & particulates emissions is a main challenge of the automotive sector. European OEMs and automotive manufacturers need new long term technologies, still to be implemented by 2030. Currently, hybrid powertrains are considered as the main trend to achieve clean and efficient vehicles. EAGLE project is to improve energy efficiency of road transport vehicles by developing an ultra-lean Spark Ignition gasoline engine, adapted to future electrified powertrains. This new concept using a conventional engine architecture will demonstrate more than 50% peak brake thermal efficiency while reducing particulate and NOx emissions. It will also reach real driving Euro 6 values with no conformity factor. This innovative approach will consequently support the achievement of long term fleet targets of 50 g/km CO2 by providing affordable hybrid solution. EAGLE will tackle several challenges focusing on: Reducing engine thermal losses through a smart coating approach to lower volumetric specific heat capacity under 1.5 MJ/m3K Reaching ultra-lean combustion (lambda > 2) with very low particulate (down to 10 nm) emission by innovative hydrogen boosting Developing breakthrough ignition system for ultra-lean combustion Investigating a close loop combustion control for extreme lean limit stabilization Addressing and investigating NOx emissions reduction technologies based on a tailor made NOx storage catalyst and using H2 as a reducing agent for SCR. A strong engine modeling approach will allow to predict thermal and combustion performances to support development and assess engine performances prior to single and multi-cylinder test bench application. An interdisciplinary consortium made of nine partners from four different countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain) will share its cutting-edge know-how in new combustion process, sensing, control, engine manufacturing, ignition system, simulation & modeling, advanced coating, as well as after-treatment systems.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-02-2016 | Award Amount: 9.56M | Year: 2016
The UPGRADE project aims to support the transition to a high efficient, cleaner and affordable powertrain technology systems, based on Spark Ignited GDI (Gasoline Direct Injection) approach, suitable for future Light Duty applications. The project also includes a deep analysis of the phenomenon of the formation of the nanoparticles in relationship to the engine design and its operating conditions and, with regard to the after-treatment solutions, the study and development of new Gasoline Particulate Filter (GPF) technologies. To increase the engine efficiency under Real Driving conditions, the following steps will be carried out: - address stoichiometric combustion approach on the small size engine and lean-burn combustion approach on the medium size one - study and develop the best combinations of technologies, including advanced VVA/VVT capabilities, advanced boosting system (including electrically assisted booster operations), EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) and thermal management systems - Explore and implement advanced fuel injection (direct) and ignition system supported by new dedicated control strategies that will be integrated in the ECU (Engine Control Unit) software. In order to demonstrate the call overall targets (15% improvement on CO2 emissions based on the WLTP cycle and compliancy with post Euro 6 RDE standards) the project will see the realization of two full demonstrator vehicles: one B-segment vehicle, equipped with the small downsized stoichiometric engine, and one D/E vehicle equipped with the medium size lean-burn engine. The vehicle will be fully calibrated and assessed by independent testing, according to on road test procedures, using the available best representative PEMS (Portable Emission Measurement System) technology and considering also PN measurement below 23 nm diameter.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: LCE-03-2015 | Award Amount: 28.87M | Year: 2016
The aim is to develop and install a pre-commercial wave energy converter (WEC) of 1MW power, the WAVESTAR C6-1000 device, with main targets the device industrialization and the demonstration of wind and wave energy applications. The utility company Parkwind, which develops, builds and operates wind farms in the North Sea, is committed to the achievement of WAVESTARs next development stage. Parkwind provides the installation site with grid connection for the first full-scale WAVESTAR WEC, located within a Belgian offshore wind farm. The UPWAVE project consortium has been developed through the establishment of strong synergies and partnerships, by bringing together key European industrial players and European universities represented by wave energy experts whose overall objectives focus on: 1) Reduction of the devices cost by introducing new design, components and materials. Cost optimization is achieved through new methods on deployment, installation, operation and maintenance. 2) Improvement of the energy efficiency by developing a more advanced Power Take Off based on a second generation digital hydraulic system and innovative control strategy. 3) Integration of wave energy converters in wind farms by considering the interaction between wave and wind devices in terms of operation, cost reduction and maximization of environmental benefits. Public research programs, industrial cooperation and technology transfer from the offshore industry (offshore wind, oil and gas) ensure the development of manufacturing processes, automation and optimisation of the WAVESTAR C6-1000 WEC. New certificates and standards will be made available for the wave energy industry. After the completion of the UPWAVE project, the cost of wave energy will be significantly reduced to a level in line with the cost of offshore wind energy (around 15 c/kWh). The WAVESTAR C6-1000 demonstrator device will lead to a commercial WEC and a hybrid renewable energy device (wind and wave).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-02-2016 | Award Amount: 8.65M | Year: 2016
Growing road traffic in Europe results in detrimental effects on the environment and public health to a level that is becoming unsustainable, this in spite of increasingly stringent emission standards. In particular, CO2 and noxious emissions are not sufficiently reduced in real driving, while higher injection pressures have led to a shift towards the emission of smaller nanoparticles that are undetected by current certification procedures. The challenge of the DiePeR project is to apply advanced technologies for combustion and exhaust aftertreatment to existing non-hybrid Diesel engines and to optimize the improved characteristics of a new generation of engines with regard to emissions, fuel consumption and driveability. Specific technologies will be advanced to TRL 6 or TRL 7 and integrated in two demonstration vehicles: One passenger car of the mid/ premium segment and one light commercial vehicle. A full calibration and assessment of the vehicles and underlying technologies will take place to proof: Real driving emissions substantially below Euro 6/ NEDC limits, less than half of emitted particles (number) including particles < 23nm and a more than 5% improved fuel efficiency based on best-in-class MY2015 vehicles. The project also addresses design features, control and basic research such as modelling of particles formation and the deterioration of engine components (fuel injection system, exhaust aftertreatment system) and its effect on emissions, in order to assess the robustness of the vehicles over useful lifetime.