The French Institute of Petroleum is a public research organisation in France founded in 1944 as Institute of Oil, Fuels and Lubricants .The Institute is based at Rueil-Malmaison near Paris, and has sites near Lyon and at Pau. As of 2004, it had 1729 employees, a budget of 253 million euros, and was responsible for a post-graduate training centre, IFP School , and an extensive industrial training programme. IFP has designed several methods to assess the oil potential of a sedimentary rock, amongst others, the Rock-Eval technique using a standardized pyrolysis apparatus. This technique is used worldwide amongst petroleum companies to compare their results in the same way. Wikipedia.
French Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2015-05-29
The invention is a Method of assessing at least one petroleum characteristic of a rock sample. Starting from a temperature ranging between 50 C. and 120 C., the temperature of a rock sample is raised to a temperature ranging between 180 C. and 220 C. which is maintained for a predetermined time duration. The temperature of the sample is increased to a temperature ranging between 330 C. and 370 C. which is maintained for a predetermined time duration. The temperature of the sample is then raised to a temperature ranging between 630 C. and 670 C. Three quantities representative of the amount of hydrocarbon compounds released during the temperature change stages are measured and at least one petroleum characteristic of the sample is deduced from these quantities.
University of Amsterdam and French Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2015-04-28
The invention describes a novel type of nickel-based complex and its preparation method. The invention also concerns the use of said complex in a process for the transformation of olefins.
French Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2015-03-25
A composition is described which comprises at least one chromium compound, at least one aryloxy compound of an element M selected from the group formed by magnesium, calcium, strontium and barium, with general formula [M(RO)
French Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2015-10-06
The method according to the invention allows the formation of oil and the retention phenomenon in the source rock to be modelled. Organic matter characterization experiments are used to establish the molecular model (MM) of the initial sample (E). The thermal cracking reaction of this molecular model is reproduced by dynamic molecular simulation computations with a reactive force field (RMD) and validated by comparison with experimental data. The reaction mechanism obtained (SR) allows to carry out a kinetic study (C) by variation of the temperature parameter. The phase equilibria (PES) of the reaction medium are determined at any time from dynamic simulation. The successive phase equilibrium assessments at various progress stages of the cracking reaction allow following the physicochemical evolution (PC) of the thermal maturation of the organic sample studied. The free hydrocarbons (liquid and gaseous) that are not retained in the solid residue can be quantified throughout numerical modelling of the sample maturation; representing, in the sedimentary basins, the hydrocarbons that are not retained in the organic matrix of the source rock (Q). This quantity can be used as an indicator or an input value for the retention threshold in basin models.
French Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2015-09-18
This invention relates to a distributor tray (