Lafontaine D.L.J.,Free University of Colombia
Nature Structural and Molecular Biology | Year: 2015
The ribosome, central to protein synthesis in all cells, is a complex multicomponent assembly with rRNA at its functional core. During the process of ribosome biogenesis, diverse noncoding RNAs participate in controlling the quantity and quality of this rRNA. In this Review, I discuss the multiple roles assumed by noncoding RNAs during the different steps of ribosome biogenesis and how they contribute to the generation of ribosome heterogeneity, which affects normal and pathophysiological processes. © 2015 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.
Sotiropoulou P.A.,Free University of Colombia
Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in biology | Year: 2012
The skin epidermis is a stratified epithelium that forms a barrier that protects animals from dehydration, mechanical stress, and infections. The epidermis encompasses different appendages, such as the hair follicle (HF), the sebaceous gland (SG), the sweat gland, and the touch dome, that are essential for thermoregulation, sensing the environment, and influencing social behavior. The epidermis undergoes a constant turnover and distinct stem cells (SCs) are responsible for the homeostasis of the different epidermal compartments. Deregulation of the signaling pathways controlling the balance between renewal and differentiation often leads to cancer formation.
Beck B.,Free University of Colombia |
Blanpain C.,Walloon Excellence in Lifesciences and Biotechnology WELBIO
Nature Reviews Cancer | Year: 2013
The maintenance and repair of many adult tissues are ensured by stem cells (SCs), which reside at the top of the cellular hierarchy of these tissues. Functional assays, such as in vitro clonogenic assays, transplantation and in vivo lineage tracing, have been used to assess the renewing and differentiation potential of normal SCs. Similar strategies have suggested that solid tumours may also be hierarchically organized and contain cancer SCs (CSCs) that sustain tumour growth and relapse after therapy. In this Opinion article, we discuss the different parallels that can be drawn between adult SCs and CSCs in solid tumours. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Dupont G.,Free University of Colombia
Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in biology | Year: 2011
Calcium signaling results from a complex interplay between activation and inactivation of intracellular and extracellular calcium permeable channels. This complexity is obvious from the pattern of calcium signals observed with modest, physiological concentrations of calcium-mobilizing agonists, which typically present as sequential regenerative discharges of stored calcium, a process referred to as calcium oscillations. In this review, we discuss recent advances in understanding the underlying mechanism of calcium oscillations through the power of mathematical modeling. We also summarize recent findings on the role of calcium entry through store-operated channels in sustaining calcium oscillations and in the mechanism by which calcium oscillations couple to downstream effectors.
Blanpain C.,Free University of Colombia
Nature Cell Biology | Year: 2013
Although many genes that lead to different types of cancer when mutated have been identified, the cells that initiate tumour formation following accumulation of these mutations have, until recently, remained elusive. This review explores how mouse genetic lineage-tracing experiments that allow the expression of oncogenes and/or the deletion of tumour suppressor genes in defined cell lineages have been instrumental in defining the cellular origin of different solid tumours in mouse models for various human cancers. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.