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Frederiksberg, Denmark

Nayak R.K.,Frederiksberg Hospital | Zdravkovic S.,Malmo University | Janzon E.,Malmo University
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health | Year: 2013

Background: Sweden has shown a decreasing tendency in the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI), except among middle-aged women. The incidence among middle-aged immigrant women is less explored. Aim: To determine if foreign-born women have a higher risk of MI as compared to women born in Sweden. Furthermore, to examine if physical activity (PA) modifies the risk of MI regardless of immigration status and smoking habits. Methods: The Malmö Diet and Cancer Study was used for analyses. A total of 16,776 women aged 45-73 years participated. The mean follow-up time was 13.8±4 years. Results: Mean age was 57.4±7.9 years. No difference was found in incidence of MI between Swedish and immigrant women (p=0.72). For current smokers among Swedish women, the relative risk (RR) with no/low PA was 2.93 (95% CI 2.07-4.14) and with moderate/high PA, the RR was 2.21 (95% CI 1.61-3.03) with no/low PA-never smoker as the reference group. Among immigrant smoking women, the RR with no/low PA was 4.56 (95% CI 1.62-12.8) and with moderate/high PA, the RR was 3.27 (95% CI 1.21-8.84) with no/low PA-never smoker as the reference group. Conclusions: PA reduces the risk of MI in non-smokers as well as in smokers, regardless of immigration status. Furthermore, PA was even more beneficial for women born outside Sweden. Against this background, immigrant women ought to get special consideration and attention from both caregivers and public health workers. © 2013 the Nordic Societies of Public Health. Source

Mehlsen J.,Coordinating Research Center | Wiinberg N.,Frederiksberg Hospital
International Journal of Vascular Medicine | Year: 2014

The present study aimed at examining the interarm difference in blood pressure and its use as an indicator of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Data were included from consecutive patients referred from their general practitioner to our vascular laboratory for possible PAD aged 50 years or older without known cardiac disease, renal disease, or diabetes mellitus. 824 patients (453 women) with mean age of 72 years (range: 50-101) were included. 491 patients had a diagnosis of hypertension and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) was present in 386 patients. Systolic blood pressure was 143 ± 24 mmHg and 142 ± 24 mmHg on the right and left arm, respectively (P = 0.015). The interarm difference was greater in patients with hypertension (P = 0.002) and PAD (P < 0.0005). 443 patients were measured on two separate occasions and the interarm difference for systolic blood pressure was reproducible for differences >20 mmHg. This study confirmed the presence of a systematic but clinically insignificant difference in systolic blood pressure between arms. The interarm difference was larger in hypertension and PAD. Consistent lateralisation is present for differences ≥20 mmHg and an interarm difference >25 mmHg is a reliable indicator of PAD in the legs. © 2014 Jesper Mehlsen and Niels Wiinberg. Source

Burger M.,University of Wurzburg | Grossman H.B.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Droller M.,Mount Sinai Medical Center | Schmidbauer J.,Medical University of Vienna | And 10 more authors.
European Urology | Year: 2013

Background Studies on hexaminolevulinate (HAL) cystoscopy report improved detection of bladder tumours. However, recent meta-analyses report conflicting effects on recurrence. Objective To assess available clinical data for blue light (BL) HAL cystoscopy on the detection of Ta/T1 and carcinoma in situ (CIS) tumours, and on tumour recurrence. Design, setting, and participants This meta-analysis reviewed raw data from prospective studies on 1345 patients with known or suspected non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Intervention A single application of HAL cystoscopy was used as an adjunct to white light (WL) cystoscopy. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis We studied the detection of NMIBC (intention to treat [ITT]: n = 831; six studies) and recurrence (per protocol: n = 634; three studies) up to 1 yr. DerSimonian and Laird's random-effects model was used to obtain pooled relative risks (RRs) and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for outcomes for detection. Results and limitations BL cystoscopy detected significantly more Ta tumours (14.7%; p < 0.001; odds ratio [OR]: 4.898; 95% CI, 1.937-12.390) and CIS lesions (40.8%; p < 0.001; OR: 12.372; 95% CI, 6.343-24.133) than WL. There were 24.9% patients with at least one additional Ta/T1 tumour seen with BL (p < 0.001), significant also in patients with primary (20.7%; p < 0.001) and recurrent cancer (27.7%; p < 0.001), and in patients at high risk (27.0%; p < 0.001) and intermediate risk (35.7%; p = 0.004). In 26.7% of patients, CIS was detected only by BL (p < 0.001) and was also significant in patients with primary (28.0%; p < 0.001) and recurrent cancer (25.0%; p < 0.001). Recurrence rates up to 12 mo were significantly lower overall with BL, 34.5% versus 45.4% (p = 0.006; RR: 0.761 [0.627-0.924]), and lower in patients with T1 or CIS (p = 0.052; RR: 0.696 [0.482-1.003]), Ta (p = 0.040; RR: 0.804 [0.653-0.991]), and in high-risk (p = 0.050) and low-risk (p = 0.029) subgroups. Some subgroups had too few patients to allow statistically meaningful analysis. Heterogeneity was minimised by the statistical analysis method used. Conclusions This meta-analysis confirms that HAL BL cystoscopy significantly improves the detection of bladder tumours leading to a reduction of recurrence at 9-12 mo. The benefit is independent of the level of risk and is evident in patients with Ta, T1, CIS, primary, and recurrent cancer. © 2013 European Association of Urology. Source

Glintborg B.,Gentofte University Hospital | Astergaard M.,Copenhagen University | Dreyer L.,Copenhagen University | Krogh N.S.,Zitelab Aps | And 5 more authors.
Arthritis and Rheumatism | Year: 2011

Objective. To investigate disease activity, treatment response, and drug survival, and predictors thereof, among Danish patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) receiving their first treatment series with a tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) inhibitor. Methods. Patients with PsA were identified from a prospective nationwide rheumatologic database, the Danish biologics registry DANBIO, using data registered from 2000-2009. Information was obtained on the patients' clinical response to anti-TNFα treatment (defined as achievement of the American College of Rheumatology 20% [ACR20], ACR50, and ACR70 improvement criteria or a European League Against Rheumatism [EULAR] good response at least once during the first 6 months of treatment) and duration and rate of drug adherence (referred to as drug survival), as well as predictors thereof. Results. Of 764 patients with PsA, 320 received adalimumab, 260 infliximab, and 184 etanercept. Median drug survival was 2.9 years, and 1-year and 2-year drug survival rates were 70% and 57%, respectively. Clinical parameters that showed improvement over 6 months were the C-reactive protein (CRP) level, Health Assessment Questionnaire score, and 28-joint Disease Activity Score. Male sex, CRP level >10 mg/liter, concomitant methotrexate use, and low patient health visual analog scale score at baseline were associated with longer drug survival. Improvement was achieved by 59%, 45%, 24%, and 54% of patients according to the ACR20, ACR50, ACR70 response criteria and EULAR good response, respectively. A CRP level >10 mg/liter was predictive of the improvement responses (odds ratio [OR] 2.6 for ACR20, OR 3.0 for ACR50, OR 3.6 for ACR70, and OR 2.2 for EULAR good response). Conclusion. In these patients with PsA treated with their first TNFα inhibitor in clinical practice, high drug adherence and responder rates were observed. Moreover, increased levels of CRP at baseline were associated with both good treatment responses and continued treatment, which may be of clinical value in selecting the patients most likely to benefit from treatment with TNFα inhibitors. © 2011 by the American College of Rheumatology. Source

Beck A.M.,Herlev University Hospital | Beermann T.,University of Aalborg | Kjaer S.,Frederiksberg Hospital | Rasmussen H.H.,University of Aalborg
Nutrition | Year: 2013

Objective: Routine identification of nutritional risk screening is paramount as the first stage in nutritional treatment of the elderly. The major focus of former validation studies of screening tools has been on the ability to predict undernutrition. The aim of this study was to validate Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF), the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002), Body Mass Index (BMI) <24, and the Eating Validation Scheme (EVS), using published randomized controlled trials of nutritional intervention among old people in primary health care, in order to evaluate whether they were capable of distinguishing those with a positive benefit from those that showed no benefit of nutritional intervention. Methods: The methods used were a literature search; classification of participants with respect to nutritional risk according to the different nutritional screening tools; and validation (i.e., evaluation of whether the different tools were capable of distinguishing those with a positive benefit from those that showed no benefit of nutritional intervention by assessing the positive [PPV] and negative [NPV] predictive values). Results: MNA-SF, NRS-2002, BMI <24 and EVS had the highest PPV (0.75) and EVS the highest NPV (0.74) with regard to function-the primary clinical outcome. Conclusion: Overall EVS seemed most capable of distinguishing those clients and residents with a positive benefit from those that showed no benefit of nutritional intervention. The findings should be confirmed in further validation and intervention studies. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

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