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Frederick, United States

Papadopoulos H.,Frederick University | Papadopoulos H.,Frederick Research Center
Neurocomputing | Year: 2013

Venn Prediction (VP) is a new machine learning framework for producing well-calibrated probabilistic predictions. In particular it provides well-calibrated lower and upper bounds for the conditional probability of an example belonging to each possible class of the problem at hand. This paper proposes five VP methods based on Neural Networks (NNs), which is one of the most widely used machine learning techniques. The proposed methods are evaluated experimentally on four benchmark datasets and the obtained results demonstrate the empirical well-calibratedness of their outputs and their superiority over the outputs of the traditional NN classifier. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Paul A.,University of Calcutta | Haralambous H.,Frederick University | Oikonomou C.,Frederick Research Center
Radio Science | Year: 2015

Occurrence of L band scintillations around midnight and postmidnight hours have not been well studied and reported from the higher equatorial latitudes in the transition region from the equatorial to midlatitudes over the Indian longitude sector. The present paper reports cases of postmidnight L band scintillation observations by COSMIC during March 2014 over the Indian longitude sector. GPS S4 measurements from the International Global Navigation Satellite Systems Service station at Lucknow (26.91°N, 80.96°E geographic; magnetic dip: 39.75°N) corroborate occurrence of postmidnight scintillations. The F region vertical upward velocities around the magnetic equator during evening hours have been used to understand the possibility of impact of irregularities generated over the magnetic equator at latitudes north of 30°N. Postmidnight L band scintillations at latitudes greater than 30°N without corresponding premidnight scintillations present interesting scientific scenario and give rise to suggestions of (1) any coupling mechanism between the equatorial and midlatitudes through which irregularities seeded in the midlatitudes may affect transionospheric satellite links at low latitudes or (2) irregularity generation at midlatitudes not connected with equatorial instabilities. Long-term analysis of S4 at L band measured by COSMIC over the Indian longitudes during March 2007-2014 exhibits a well-defined longitude swath around 75-83°E of reduced (0.2 < S4 < 0.4) or no scintillations which may be attributed to the longitudinal variability of scintillation occurrence following the global four-cell pattern of ionospheric activity. Key Points Postmidnight L band scintillations COSMIC and GPS observations in the transition region from equatorial to midlatitudes Longitudinal swath of reduced or no L band scintillations over India ©2015. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.


Haralambous H.,Frederick University | Oikonomou C.,Frederick Research Center
Advances in Space Research | Year: 2015

We investigate first the climatology expressed by diurnal and seasonal variations of the critical frequency (foF2) and the peak height (hmF2) of the F2-layer derived from digital ionosonde measurements at the low-middle latitude European station in Nicosia, Cyprus (geographical coordinates: 35°N, 33°E, geomagnetic lat. 29.38°N, I = 51.7°). Monthly median hourly values of the F2-layer peak characteristics are obtained using manually scaled data during the 5-year period 2009-2013. The observational results are then compared with the International Reference Ionospheric Model (IRI-2012) predictions using both URSI and CCIR coefficients. It is shown that the semi-annual pattern of daytime foF2 characterized by higher values at equinoxes than either solstices as well as the winter anomaly phenomenon demonstrate strong solar activity dependence. An annual pattern of night-time foF2 is also detected with lower values in winter and higher in summer. The seasonal variation of daytime hmF2 is evident and peaks of hmF2 at pre-sunrise and post-sunset hours are identified during December. The IRI-2012 model is capable to capture the main diurnal and seasonal patterns of foF2 and hmF2. The highest overestimation of daytime foF2 is noted at equinoxes and solstices except from March, October, December of 2011, and June of 2013. Significant foF2 underestimation is observed at evening and after midnight during February and March of 2009. Large positive discrepancies between the modeled and observed hmF2 values are noticed during the deep solar minimum year 2009. Overall, IRI-model estimates are more accurate for hmF2 than foF2 over Cyprus and for the examined period. © 2015 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Lakafosis V.,Georgia Institute of Technology | Rida A.,Georgia Institute of Technology | Vyas R.,Georgia Institute of Technology | Yang L.,Texas Instruments | And 2 more authors.
Proceedings of the IEEE | Year: 2010

This paper discusses the evolution towards the first integrated radio-frequency identification (RFID)-enabled wireless sensor network infrastructure using ultra-high frequency/radio frequency (UHF/RF) RFID-enabled sensor nodes and inkjet-printed electronics technologies on flexible and paper substrates for the first time ever. The first sections highlight the unique capabilities of inkjet printed electronics as well as the benefits of using paper as the ultra-low-cost, conformal and environmentally friendly substrate for the mass-scale ubiquitous implementation of the first RFID-enabled wireless sensing applications. Various inkjet-printed antenna configurations are presented for enhanced-range compact RFID-enabled sensing platforms in rugged environments up to 7 GHz, followed by the discussion of their 2-D integration with integrated circuit (IC) and sensors on paper. This integration is extended to a power-scavenging smart-shoe batteryless integrated RFID module on paper that could be used for autonomous wearable sensing applications with enhanced range. The paper concludes discussing the details for establishing for the first time an asynchronous wireless link between the aforementioned RFID-tags and a widely used commercial wireless sensor network (WSN) mote using a simplified protocol; a paramount step that could potentially create ubiquitous ultra-low-cost sensor networks and large-scale RFID implementations eliminating the need of expensive RFID reader infrastructure and linking RFIDs to the mature level of WSNs. © 2006 IEEE.


Papadavid G.,Agricultural Research Institute of Cyprus | Fasoula D.,Agricultural Research Institute of Cyprus | Hadjimitsis M.,M. G. Hadjimitsis Trading and Engineering Ltd | Skevi Perdikou P.,Frederick Research Center | Hadjimitsis D.G.,Cyprus University of Technology
Central European Journal of Geosciences | Year: 2013

In this paper, Leaf Area Index (LAI) and Crop Height (CH) are modeled to the most known spectral vegetation index - NDVI - using remotely sensed data. This approach has advantages compared to the classic approaches based on a theoretical background. A GER-1500 field spectro-radiometer was used in this study in order to retrieve the necessary spectrum data for estimating a spectral vegetation index (NDVI), for establishing a semiempirical relationship between black-eyed beans' canopy factors and remotely sensed data. Such semi-empirical models can be used then for agricultural and environmental studies. A field campaign was undertaken with measurements of LAI and CH using the Sun-Scan canopy analyzer, acquired simultaneously with the spectroradiometric (GER1500) measurements between May and June of 2010. Field spectroscopy and remotely sensed imagery have been combined and used in order to retrieve and validate the results of this study. The results showed that there are strong statistical relationships between LAI or CH and NDVI which can be used for modeling crop canopy factors (LAI, CH) to remotely sensed data. The model for each case was verified by the factor of determination. Specifically, these models assist to avoid direct measurements of the LAI and CH for all the dates for which satellite images are available and support future users or future studies regarding crop canopy parameters. © 2013 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien.

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