Aguiar A.,University of Porto |
Aguiar A.,Telecommunications Institute of Portugal |
Cruz Nunes F.M.,Fraunhofer Portugal Research Center |
Fernandes Silva M.J.,Fraunhofer Portugal Research Center |
And 2 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems | Year: 2012
Public transport networks (PTNs) are difficult to use when the user is unfamiliar with the area she is traveling to, as shown by a user survey that we present in this paper. This is true for both infrequent users (including visitors) and regular users who need to travel to areas with which they are not acquainted. In these situations, adequate on-trip navigation information can substantially ease the use of public transportation and be the driving factor in motivating travelers to prefer it over other modes of transportation. However, estimating the localization of a user is not trivial, although it is critical for providing relevant information. In this paper, we propose the use of an electronic ticketing infrastructure of a PTN operator for positioning within the context of the PTN to give on-trip personalized navigation cues. To our knowledge, this is an innovative contribution that has not been described or deployed, to date, elsewhere. We assess relevant design issues for a modular cost-efficient user-friendly on-trip navigation service that uses position sensors and present the details of a proof-of-concept prototype running in our laboratory. We also present and analyze the results of a user survey on the usefulness of the service and its acceptance by users. © 2011 IEEE.
Abrantes F.,Fraunhofer Portugal Research Center |
Araujo J.T.,University College London |
Ricardo M.,INESC Porto
IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing | Year: 2011
Explicit congestion control (XCC) is emerging as one potential solution for overcoming limitations inherent to the current TCP algorithm, characterized by unstable throughput, high queuing delay, RTT-limited fairness, and a static dynamic range that does not scale well to high bandwidth delay product networks. In XCC, routers provide multibit feedback to sources, which, in turn, adapt throughput more accurately to the path bandwidth with potentially faster convergence times. Such systems, however, require precise knowledge of link capacity for efficient operation. In the presence of variable-capacity media, e.g., 802.11, such information is not entirely obvious or may be difficult to extract. We explore three possible algorithms for XCC which retain efficiency under such conditions by inferring available bandwidth from queue dynamics and test them through simulations with two relevant XCC protocols: XCP and RCP. Additionally, preliminary results from an experimental implementation based on XCP are presented. Finally, we compare our proposals with TCP and show how such algorithms outperform it in terms of efficiency, stability, queuing delay, and flow-rate fairness. © 2011 IEEE.