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Mallig N.,Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research
Journal of Informetrics | Year: 2010

In this article a relational database schema for a bibliometric database is developed. After the introduction explaining the motivation to use relational databases in bibliometrics, an overview of the related literature is given. A review of typical bibliometric questions serves as an informal requirement analysis. The database schema is developed as an entity-relationship diagram using the structural information typically found in scientific articles. Several SQL queries for the tasks presented in the requirement analysis show the usefulness of the developed database schema. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Kohler J.,Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research
Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions | Year: 2012

This paper explores the relationship of the neo-Schumpeterian theory for Kondratiev waves, also called 'Long Waves' of economic growth, to Transition theory, in particular the multi-level perspective. The two conceptual frameworks have a similar description of the development of new technologies. While they both use the ontology of co-evolution, the MLP combines this with Science and Technology Studies, Giddens' Structuration theory and neoinstitutionalism. Neo-Schumpeterian theory can contribute to the consideration of landscape dynamics in the MLP, while agency in the niche-regime interactions emphasised by the MLP could be used to extend the analysis of Kondratiev waves. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Kohler J.,Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research
Journal of Environment and Development | Year: 2014

This article assesses the potential contribution for international shipping and long-haul aviation to contribute to sustainable development (SD). The trade literature shows that newly industrializing countries are benefitting from international trade for export-led growth. However, the least developed countries with limited access to international trade networks do not participate in the new global production networks. The World Trade Organization/General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change regimes do not have the development of more sustainable transport systems as a priority. In this sense, international transport remains on the fringes of the environment and development policy fields. Three transition pathways to SD have been developed: (a) information and telecommunications technologies leading to particip.ation of least developed countries in global production networks, (b) changes in social preferences toward a high priority for the environment, leading to an extensive growth in fair-trade networks and sustainable production and consumption, and (c) SD from economic growth in newly industrializing countries, with an increased priority placed on solving environmental problems. © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav. Source


Graedel T.E.,Yale University | Erdmann L.,Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research
MRS Bulletin | Year: 2012

Materials scientists today employ essentially the entire periodic table in creating modern technology. In an age of sharply increasing usage, it is reasonable to wonder about the supplies of these elemental building blocks. In this article, we review current and prospective supply and demand for a variety of metals. Although data are often sparse, available information suggests that current practices are likely to lead to scarcity for some metals in the not-too-distant future. We conclude by discussing policies that, if adopted, might defuse some of these concerns. © 2012 Materials Research Society. Source


Dutschke E.,Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research
Energy Procedia | Year: 2011

Local projects on carbon storage that have been started in Germany in recent years have induced positive to neutral reactions as well as strong opposition by the local public. In this paper, a comparative case study of two storage projects is presented: The first case under study is the CO 2Sink research project at Ketzin which has started to inject CO 2 in 2008 and has been well accepted by local politicians and the local public. It is compared to a project initiated by Vattenfall at Beeskow where Vattenfall wants to explore whether the region is suitable for large scale commercial on shore storage and has met strong local opposition by several societal stakeholders. Cases are compared regarding project properties, communication strategies and public perception, as well as local context and history in order to identify factors that contributed to the respective positive or negative reaction. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Source

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