Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering
Stuttgart, Germany

The Fraunhofer Society is a German research organization with 67 institutes spread throughout Germany, each focusing on different fields of applied science . It employs around 23,000 people, mainly scientists and engineers, with an annual research budget of about €1.7 billion. Some basic funding for the Fraunhofer Society is provided by the state , but more than 70% of the funding is earned through contract work, either for government-sponsored projects or from industry.It is named after Joseph von Fraunhofer who, as a scientist, an engineer, and an entrepreneur, is said to have superbly exemplified the goals of the society.The organization has seven centers in the United States, under the name “Fraunhofer USA”, and three in Asia. In October 2010, Fraunhofer announced that it would open its first research center in South America.Fraunhofer UK Research Ltd was established along with the Fraunhofer Centre for Applied Photonics, in Glasgow, Scotland, in March 2012. Wikipedia.

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News Article | April 19, 2017

— As technological advancements continue to bring about new opportunities, business are increasingly using these developments to their advantage. In line with this trend, businesses are veering away from physical data rooms in favor of their up-and-coming virtual alternatives. Industry analysts are reporting an annual surge in demand for virtual data rooms of between 13 and 16 percent with this uptick expected to hold steady through decade's end. In an effort to help meet the growing call, Matthias Böhmichen has launched dataroom24. Said Böhmichen, "Virtual data rooms offer a number of benefits over their physical counterparts without question. From the beginning, our mission has been to create an option that stands apart from the rest. In developing dataroom24, we incorporated all the best features of the existing options while also addressing issues our competitors have overlooked. The result is a state-of-the-art system that can be booked online and is designed to simplify our clients' work while holding up to even the most demanding applications." Among the features offered by dataroom24 is around-the-clock online access from any location. Administrators are able to delegate access permission to appropriate personnel with tiered access available if needed. Designed with ease-of-use in mind, the system is said to require minimal setup and training. Based on information from, multiple layers of security measures have been implemented in order to protect against both internal and external security breaches. The system is set up to support various file formats and data volumes. Data rooms may be customized based on client need and cover document storage, project management, due diligence, mergers and acquisitions as well as other applications. Services are scalable with available packages covering single, five and unlimited user licensing. Further details can be found on the dataroom24 website. "The functionality and user-friendliness of our data room has been certified by the Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering," Böhmichen affirmed. "We offer ultimate security and versatility as well as speed, efficiency and convenience. Those benefits alone give our clients a sizable competitive edge. Virtual data rooms are known to help cut costs as well as boost productivity, and our system is ready to use from the moment clients sign up. We encourage anyone in need of our services to sign up for our free trial, so they can experience the dataroom24 difference for themselves." The staff of dataroom24 is dedicated to following the "no-frills" philosophy, meaning they have focused on the essentials and eliminated any unnecessary extras. As such, they have created a highly functional, flexible and affordable option designed to handle the diverse needs of their clients. Their data room can be booked online and provides speed, versatility, scalability and security among other beneficial features. For more information, please visit

Lentes J.,Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering | Zimmermann N.,University of Stuttgart
International Journal of Production Research | Year: 2017

The procedure for the engineering of products and production systems in manufacturing companies is often distributed over several organisational units. The different units involved in these procedures use their respective methods and tools, resulting in silo-like and distributed information and data sources for engineering. In this paper, the open platform amePLM is introduced. This platform is based on a semantic data model. The ontology as explicitly formulated data model allows an integrated view on data and information available in the systems used along the product lifecycle, and the automatic provision of suitable information to the user. Furthermore, this open approach allows the linking of the solution to existing engineering software systems in the sense of a continuous flow of information. © 2017 Fraunhofer

News Article | November 17, 2016

What will intelligent, decentralized energy management look like in the future? Using its own Micro Smart Grid and control systems developed in-house, the Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering IAO is exploring how to efficiently coordinate energy producers, storage systems, and consumers as well as how to test the innovative technologies required. The research parking garage houses 30 charging spots for electric vehicles, Europe's fastest high-speed charging station, as well as Europe's first hydrogen storage system based on LOHC technology. By the year 2050, the majority of energy in Germany will come from renewable sources such as wind or solar power. This is according to the government's ambitious energy policy goals, which are driven by various well-known reasons: fossil fuels such as oil and gas are running out, becoming more and more expensive and are bad for the environment. The advantages of sustainable energy sources on the other hand are self-evident: they are inexhaustible, help protect the environment and act against climate change, and can offer long-term price stability. But completely overhauling the current energy supply system poses challenges with respect to grid stability and security of supply, which in turn calls for new technologies and scalable solutions. With the Fraunhofer IAO Micro Smart Grid, the institute is pursuing a decentralized approach to the coordination of energy production and consumption. It therefore guarantees local security of supply and a grid-friendly connection to superordinate power grids. Merging multiple micro smart grids in the future will allow energy systems to be integrated into a larger smart grid in a gradual process that keeps pace with demand. Using the institute's facilities, the research team can apply the local situation to "play out" and test future smart energy management solutions already today. This takes place in the parking garage at the Fraunhofer Institute Center in Stuttgart and the "players" are the various energy producers, storage systems and consumers on the research site. These include a charging infrastructure for electric vehicles with over 30 charge spots, as well as several direct current quick-charging stations with up to 150 kW of power per vehicle. The entire vehicle power supply is produced by a photovoltaic system located on the roof of the parking structure. A lithium-ion battery storage system achieves the best possible balance between differences in energy production and consumption. What is special about this setup is that all components are operated under scientific supervision and real-life conditions. "The centerpiece of our Micro Smart Grid is the energy management system we developed ourselves," explains project manager Florian Klausmann. "This system gives us the means to manage and monitor all energy providers, storage systems and consumers within the context of a variety of optimization goals." Having real-life data makes it possible for the research team to test various application scenarios in a realistic setting. The system will also allow them to use simulation interfaces to evaluate potential future operating models featuring, say, dynamic electricity pricing or forecast-based facility management. "Companies and municipalities benefit from higher supply reliability and the ability to offset peak loads. For energy providers, micro smart grids could help ensure grid stability or even present an alternative to grid expansion," says Prof. Wilhelm Bauer, director of Fraunhofer IAO. Another important part of the transition towards a new energy economy is harnessing innovative technologies. A brand-new feature of the Fraunhofer IAO Micro Smart Grid is Europe's first hydrogen storage system based on LOHC (liquid organic hydrogen carrier) technology. This technology bonds hydrogen molecules within a carrier oil, eliminating the need for expensive pressure storage solutions or refrigeration units for liquid hydrogen. With 2000 kWh of storage capacity, the LOHC system constitutes a viable long-term storage option for the Micro Smart Grid, connected to the power supply via a fuel cell. So when it comes to the massive energy surpluses we can expect in the course of the energy transition, LOHC storage will mean that renewable energy production doesn't have to be curtailed. Fraunhofer IAO unveiled these new features to the public at the "Micro Smart Grid: Innovative Energy Systems in Practice" event on November 9, 2016. With over 30 charge spots and Europe's fastest high-speed charging station, Fraunhofer IAO's Micro Smart Grid is one of largest charging infrastructure facilities ever installed in a parking structure. At the end of the presentation, institute director Prof. Bauer invited the public to make use of this opportunity. "The Micro Smart Grid is also a significant milestone on the path to emission-free, networked and electric mobility. Through our research, we are helping companies and municipalities to integrate these innovative forms of mobility into existing vehicle fleets and the energy system that underpins them."

News Article | February 28, 2017

The overburdening of city transport systems is becoming an increasing challenge. But before cities can take concrete action, they need to gather precise traffic data. This is often very time consuming and expensive. A study by the Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering IAO in cooperation with Telefónica NEXT and the data analysis specialist Teralytics found that mobile network data can make a positive contribution to transport planning. To clarify, analyses were carried out for the city of Stuttgart with the help of anonymised and aggregated mobile network data, which provide detailed insights into the actual travel behaviour of Stuttgart residents. This gives an idea of the data's potential. In Telefónica Germany's normal operation, mobile network data is generated by over 44 million customers. This happens when mobile phones communicate with mobile cell sites when using the internet or making calls. This data is anonymised via a three-step process, which is certified by the TÜV, so that it is no longer possible to draw conclusions back to individual persons. With "Advanced Data Analytics", the new Telefónica company, Telefónica NEXT, is eyeing the social and economic advantage that can be obtained from analysing such large, anonymised and aggregated volumes of data. By assigning a mobile phone to the mobile cell sites, anonymised flows of movement can be calculated that represent around half the population of Germany. The central question of the study carried out was what added value for transport planning and what potential uses these flows of movement offer. "We face major challenges regarding transport planning, especially in urban areas. When used right, digital solutions can provide an important contribution for everyone's benefit. We need to open the data treasure chest for this. We are very pleased that one of the leading research institutes has confirmed the potential of mobile network data. This gives us an important boost for further projects in the area of smart analysis of anonymous data", says Florian Marquart, Managing Director of Telefónica NEXT, responsible for Advanced Data Analytics. "Recording mobility behaviour in cities across modes of transport is a complex undertaking. Our study shows that mobile network data can make a positive contribution to transport planning. The data is available in high spatial and temporal resolution, and provides new insight into the factors influencing urban transport", explains Prof. Anette Weisbecker, deputy institute director of the Fraunhofer IAO. Current transport planning relies, to a large extent, on manual recording in the form of surveys. Supplementary, real-time data sources, such as anonymised mobile network data, are a valuable addition. Compared to surveys, which are only conducted every one to ten years, mobile network data is available around the clock. It can minimise the number of expensive surveys and shorten the previous survey cycles. Another benefit is that no additional infrastructure is needed to collect mobile network data. The possibility of obtaining comprehensive information for the first time about non-users of mobility offers is also particularly interesting. Thanks to these characteristics, complete journeys using different modes of transport can be understood, which was not previously possible as such. The mobile network data for Stuttgart, for example, shows that a lot of commuter traffic is directed through the state capital due to its basin location. However, the commuter flows are divided between road and commuter rail line, as is clearly apparent from the anonymised mobile network data. This possibility, of recording different modes of transport at the same time, could offer transport planners considerable added value in future. The data could also help to examine time-limited events and external influencing factors. An analysis of the data during the Cannstatter Spring Festival and the Stuttgarter Weindorf shows the considerable impact of a public festival on the mobility behaviour of Stuttgart residents. Where mobile network data could be used In the short term, mobile network data serve to test and supplement existing transport models. In the medium term, the further development of special algorithms and models will allow for better planning of mobility systems and new findings on passenger transport. "The considerable potential of mobile network data can only be realised through the accompanying offer of corresponding analysis tools", summarise the authors Alexander Schmidt and Tobias Männel. The experts questioned also largely consider the new data source to be useful for transport planning. For example, they see great potential for route planning for local public transport. "With the help of mobile network data, it would be possible to obtain continuous information on general transport demand. This could supplement our own manual transport surveys, which we carry out less frequently. One advantage of this would be that we could save costs on occasional surveys - for example, for certain events", says Thomas Hachenberger, general manager of the Stuttgart Transport and Tariff Association (VVS). Study relies on expert interviews and test analyses for Stuttgart In order to determine the potential of mobile network data for transport planning, the Fraunhofer IAO compared mobile network data against existing data acquisition methods, such as traveller surveys, automatic counting stations, or GPS data. In addition, 18 experts from companies, syndicates, research, and politics were interviewed on the data's potential. To clarify the current possibilities of mobile network data, the Fraunhofer IAO, for example, carried out analyses for the city of Stuttgart with anonymised data from Telefónica Germany. Telefónica NEXT believes that the method's further development will focus on being able to differentiate even more clearly between individual modes of transport in slow city traffic in future. This should be achievable especially through combination with other data sets. In addition, the method is to be used in other cities to optimise transport there. The utilisation of data for business and social solutions is a global aim of Telefónica S.A. in the business area called "LUCA" and is realised in various countries using different products. With Telefónica NEXT, Telefónica Germany is creating solutions for the needs of the German market, for example with an anonymisation process developed in-house.

Koetter F.,University of Stuttgart | Kochanowski M.,Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering
Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing | Year: 2012

In today's fast changing business world, the fulfillment of process goals needs to be constantly evaluated and adjusted. But processes are often carried out by systems which are not process aware. aPro is a modular architecture for business process optimization. In aPro process models can't be guaranteed to be executable but need to be monitored. In this paper, we propose a modeling language for process metrics, key performance indicators and goals and use the interchange format ProGoalML to automate creation and setup of monitoring infrastructure. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

Weiner N.,Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering | Weisbecker A.,Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering
Proceedings - 2011 Annual SRII Global Conference, SRII 2011 | Year: 2011

Business development comprises of various activities to determine future opportunities for a company like the identification of target markets, new products and services, a better pricing model or internal process innovation potentials. One of the significant aspects of a successful business development is therefore the consistent further development of business model alternatives for evaluation purpose. This paper introduces a detailed concept for the design of business model variants with the focus on service-based offerings in the internet. Based on current business model research and empirical findings, this work introduces a business model ontology and a corresponding software-approach to support the design of business model alternatives. The contribution of this work is the methodological support of the decision making process at the business development level. © 2011 IEEE.

Peissner M.,Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering | Habe D.,Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering | Janssen D.,Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering | Sellner T.,Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering
EICS'12 - Proceedings of the 2012 ACM SIGCHI Symposium on Engineering Interactive Computing Systems | Year: 2012

Adaptive user interfaces can make technology more accessible. Quite a number of conceptual and technical approaches have been proposed for adaptations to diverse user needs, multiple devices or multiple environments. Little work, however, has been directed at integrating all the essential aspects of adaptive user interfaces for accessibility in one system. In this paper, we present our generic MyUI infrastructure for increased accessibility through automatically generated adaptive user interfaces. The multimodal design patterns repository serves as the basis for a modular approach to individualized user interfaces. This open and extensible pattern repository makes the adaptation rules transparent for designers and developers who can contribute to the repository by sharing their knowledge about accessible design. The adaptation architecture and procedures enable user interface generation and dynamic adaptations during run-time. For the specification of an abstract user interface model, a novel statecharts-based notation has been developed. A development tool supports the interactive creation of the graphical user interface model. Copyright 2012 ACM.

Kurowski S.,Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering
Lecture Notes in Informatics (LNI), Proceedings - Series of the Gesellschaft fur Informatik (GI) | Year: 2014

This paper aims at raising awareness on the issue of using unfixed vulnerabilities for targeted attacks in order to harness private or even corporate information. We demonstrate an attack by using a well-known, yet not fixed whatsapp vulnerability, enabling us to eavesdrop the cell-phone number of a victim. We identified the concrete states, in which whatsapp leaks the cell-phone number of a victim. By using a volunteering individual, we demonstrate the feasibility of profiling the individual and provide further steps on how to disclose private and corporate information by using the leaked cell-phone number and the profiled information to introduce the adversary into a trust relationship with the victim. Once the victim trusts the adversary, social phishing can be used to retrieve further private or even corporate information.

Kurowski S.,Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering | Frings S.,Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering
Proceedings - 6th International Conference on IT Security Incident Management and IT Forensics, IMF 2011 | Year: 2011

This paper describes the development and prototypic implementation of a documentation system for IT incidents. A survey was conducted in order to obtain information on the current needs and likes of stakeholders involved in IT security. The outcome of this survey was used to create a documentation approach, based on best practices, which is able to create contexts between information assets over long periods of times. Additionally, a prototype of this approach was implemented, showing the basic idea of computational assistance during the documentation of IT incidents. Hereby, orchestration and information retrieval methods were applied for saving efforts for the employees involved and supporting adaptability of the resulting system. The resulting documentation will be assisting in IT security management, hence offering a valuable source for IT investigators by enriching the chain of evidence with information on relationships between assets and incidents. © 2011 IEEE.

Kett H.,Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering
INFORMATIK 2010 - Service Science - Neue Perspektiven fur die Informatik, Beitrage der 40. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft fur Informatik e.V. (GI) | Year: 2010

In all major industrialized countries, the service sector is the largest economic segment maintaining the highest growth rate. A current trend in the Internet of Services is to develop and offer software as a service (SaaS). Some research activities, such as Theseus/TEXO1, focus on the design and development of Web-based service ecosystems based on Web-platforms which allow offering, trading, and executing of services over the Internet. This paper is based on the Integrated Service Engineering (ISE) methodology, an interdisciplinary methodology for service engineering. The focus of this work is laid on the development of business models from a strategic-/market-oriented perspective, prior to consider the service business processes and the underlying IT-oriented service concept. The role of the business strategist and its objectives is introduced. The methodology has been developed in the Theseus/TEXO project which is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Economy and Technology2.

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