Wang Y.,China Pharmaceutical University |
Wang Y.,McGill University |
Wang Y.,Fraser Laboratories |
Jacovetti C.,McGill University |
And 8 more authors.
Growth Factors | Year: 2011
Reg family proteins such as Reg1 and islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) have long been implicated in the growth and/or neogenesis of pancreatic islet cells. Recent reports further suggest similar roles to be played by new members such as Reg2, Reg3α, and Reg3β. We have studied their age-, isoform-, and tissue-specific expressions. RNA and protein were isolated from C57BL/6 mice aged 7, 30, and 90 days. Using real-time polymerase chain reaction, the levels of Reg gene expression in the pancreas were 20-600-fold higher than that in other tissues (≫duodenum>stomach>liver); gene expression of Reg2, Reg3α, and Reg3β was age dependent as it was hardly detectable at day 7, increased drastically at day 30, and significantly decreased at day 90; the levels of pancreatic proteins displayed similar age-dependent variations. Using dual-labeled immunofluorescence, Reg2, Reg3α, and Reg3β were abundantly expressed in most acinar cells of the pancreas, in contrast to INGAP which exhibited stepwise increases from day 7 to day 90 and colocalized with the α-cells. These new Reg genes were mainly expressed in the pancreas, with clear age-dependent and isoform-specific patterns. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd.
Xiong X.,Fraser Laboratories |
Wang X.,Fraser Laboratories |
Wang X.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Li B.,Fraser Laboratories |
And 7 more authors.
American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2011
Reg family proteins have been implicated in islet β-cell proliferation, survival, and regeneration. The expression of Reg3 β (pancreatitis-associated protein) is highly induced in experimental diabetes and acute pancreatitis, but its precise role has not been established. Through knockout studies, this protein was shown to be mitogenic, antiapoptotic, and anti-inflammatory in the liver and pancreatic acinars. To test whether it can promote islet cell growth or survival against experimental damage, we developed β-cell-specific overexpression using rat insulin I promoter, evaluated the changes in normal islet function, gene expression profile, and the response to streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Significant and specific overexpression of Reg3β was achieved in the pancreatic islets of RIP-I/Reg3β mice, which exhibited normal islet histology, β-cell mass, and in vivo and in vitro insulin secretion in response to high glucose yet were slightly hyperglycemic and low in islet GLUT2 level. Upon streptozotocin treatment, in contrast to wild-type littermates that became hyperglycemic in 3 days and lost 15% of their weight, RIP-I/Reg3β mice were significantly protected from hyperglycemia and weight loss. To identify specific targets affected by Reg3β overexpression, a whole genome DNA microarray on islet RNA isolated from the transgenic mice revealed more than 45 genes significantly either up- or downregulated. Among them, isletprotective osteopontin/SPP1 and acute responsive nuclear protein p8/NUPR1 were significantly induced, a result further confirmed by real-time PCR, Western blots, and immunohistochemistry. Our results suggest that Reg3β is unlikely an islet growth factor but a putative protector that prevents streptozotocin-induced damage by inducing the expression of specific genes.