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Mollmann H.,Kerckhoff Heart Center | Mollmann H.,Franz Groedel Institute of the Kerckhoff Heart Center | Nef H.M.,Kerckhoff Heart Center | Nef H.M.,Franz Groedel Institute of the Kerckhoff Heart Center | And 12 more authors.
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine | Year: 2011

Recently, we demonstrated that a fully differentiated tissue developed on a ventricular septal occluder that had been implanted due to infarct-related septum rupture. We suggested that this tissue originated from circulating stem cells. The aim of the present study was to evaluate this hypothesis and to investigate the physiological differentiation and transdifferentiation potential of circulating stem cells. We developed an animal model in which a freely floating membrane was inserted into each the left ventricle and the descending aorta. Membranes were removed after pre-specified intervals of 3 days, and 2, 6 and 12 weeks; the newly developed tissue was evaluated using quantitative RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. The contribution of stem cells was directly evaluated in another group of animals that were by treated with granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) early after implantation. We demonstrated the time-dependent generation of a fully differentiated tissue composed of fibroblasts, myofibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, endothelial cells and new blood vessels. Cells differentiated into early cardiomyocytes on membranes implanted in the left ventricles but not on those implanted in the aortas. Stem cell mobilization with GM-CSF led to more rapid tissue growth and differentiation. The GM-CSF effect on cell proliferation outlasted the treat ment period by several weeks. Circulating stem cells contributed to the development of a fully differentiated tissue on membranes placed within the left ventricle or descending aorta under physiological conditions. Early cardiomyocyte generation was identified only on membranes positioned within the left ventricle. © 2011 The Author Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine © 2011 Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine/Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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