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Rindge, NH, United States

Franklin Pierce University is a small, private, non-profit, regionally accredited university in rural Rindge, New Hampshire, in the United States. It was founded as Franklin Pierce College in 1962, combining a liberal arts foundation with coursework for professional preparation. The institutional mission focuses on preparing citizens and leaders of conscience for a new century who make significant contributions to their professions and communities, whether their aspirations are global or local. The school gained university status in 2007 and is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges . In 2009, Franklin Pierce University was ranked on "Forbes List of America's Top Colleges" in the United States. The university has an enrollment of 1,399 students and overlooks Pearly Pond, just a few miles from Mount Monadnock. The campus covers approximately 1,200 acres . Andrew H. Card is the current president of Franklin Pierce University, replacing outgoing president Dr. James F. Birge in January 2015. The university also operates The College of Graduate and Professional Studies with campuses in Manchester, Portsmouth, and Lebanon, New Hampshire, as well as Goodyear, Arizona.The College at Rindge houses three institutes:Marlin Fitzwater Center for Communication—named for Marlin Fitzwater, White House Press Secretary under Ronald Reagan and George H. W. BushMonadnock Institute of Nature, Place, and CultureNew England Center for Civic Life↑ ↑ Wikipedia.

Walsh W.A.,University of New Hampshire | Dawson J.,Franklin Pierce University | Mattingly M.J.,University of New Hampshire
Trauma, Violence, and Abuse | Year: 2010

The authors review the literature on resilience following childhood maltreatment and describe how variation in the measurement of outcomes at various developmental stages affects research findings, practice implications, and policy recommendations. Although the 21 studies reviewed considered competent functioning in similar domains as evidence of resilience following maltreatment, few provided prevalence estimates for specific indicators or across domains of functioning. Using the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW), the authors explored different ways of operationalizing resilience. The number of children demonstrating competence following maltreatment varied greatly by the indicators used; furthermore, competence in one domain (behavioral, emotional, or educational) did not guarantee competence in another. About one in five children were functioning poorly in all three domains. Because findings vary according to the operational definition of resilience, researchers must use caution in conceptualizing their analytic variables and interpreting findings. Furthermore, given the lack of cross-domain competence, services to maltreated children and their families should be comprehensive. © The Author(s) 2010. Source

Lopez-Sendin N.,Ibermutuamur | Alburquerque-Sendin F.,University of Salamanca | Cleland J.A.,Franklin Pierce University | Cleland J.A.,Regis University | Fernandez-De-Las-Penas C.,Rey Juan Carlos University
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine | Year: 2012

Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of physical therapy, including massage and exercise, on pain and mood in patients with advanced terminal cancer. Design: The design was a randomized controlled pilot study. Subjects: Twenty-four (24) patients with terminal cancer were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups. Interventions: Group A received a physiotherapy intervention consisting of several massage techniques, mobilizations, and local and global exercises. Group B received a simple hand contact/touch to areas of pain (cervical area, shoulder, interscapular area, heels, and gastrocnemius), which was maintained for the same period of time as the intervention group. All patients received six sessions of 30-35 minutes in duration over a 2-week period. Outcomes: Outcomes were collected at baseline, at 1 week, and at a 2-week follow-up (after treatment completion) by an assessor blinded to the treatment allocation of the participants. Outcomes included the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI, 0-10 scale), Memorial Pain Assessment Card (0-10 scale), and Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS Physical, Psychological, 0-4 scale). Baseline between-group differences were assessed with an independent t-test. A two-way repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to examine the effects of the intervention. Results: There were no significant between-group baseline differences (p>0.2). A significant group×time interaction with greater improvements in group A was found for BPI worst pain (F=3.5, p=0.036), BPI pain right now (F=3.94, p=0.027), and BPI index (F=13.2, p<0.001), for MSAS Psychological (F=8.480, p=0.001). Conclusions: The combination of massage and exercises can reduce pain and improve mood in patients with terminal cancer. A sustained effect on pain and psychologic distress existed; however, parameters such as physical distress and the least pain were no greater in the intervention group as compared to the sham. © Copyright 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2012. Source

Kounaves S.P.,Tufts University | Carrier B.L.,Tufts University | O'Neil G.D.,Tufts University | Stroble S.T.,Franklin Pierce University | And 2 more authors.
Icarus | Year: 2014

The results from the Viking mission in the mid 1970s provided evidence that the martian surface contained oxidants responsible for destroying organic compounds. In 2008 the Phoenix Wet Chemistry Lab (WCL) found perchlorate (ClO4-) in three soil samples at concentrations from 0.5 to 0.7wt%. The detection of chloromethane (CH3Cl) and dichloromethane (CH2Cl2) by the Viking pyrolysis gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) may have been a result of ClO4- at that site oxidizing either terrestrial organic contaminates or, if present, indigenous organics. Recently, the Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Curiosity directly measured the presence of CH3Cl, CH2Cl2 and, along with measurements of HCl and oxygen, indirectly indicate the presence of ClO4 However, except for Phoenix, no other direct measurement of the ClO4- anion in martian soil or rock has been made. We report here ion chromatographic (IC) and isotopic analyses of a unique sawdust portion of the martian meteorite EETA79001 that show the presence by mass of 0.6±0.1ppm ClO4-, 1.4±0.1ppm ClO3-, and 16±0.2ppm NO3- at a quantity and location within the meteorite that is difficult to reconcile with terrestrial contamination. The sawdust sample consists of basaltic material with a minor salt-rich inclusion in a mass ratio of ~300:1, thus the salts may be 300 times more concentrated within the inclusion than the whole sample. The molar ratios of NO3-:ClO4- and Cl-:ClO4-, are very different for EETA79001 at ~40:1 and 15:1, respectively, than the Antarctic soils and ice near where the meteorite was recovered at ~10,000:1 and 5000:1, respectively. In addition, the isotope ratios for EETA79001 with δ15N=-10.48±0.32‰ and δ18O=+51.61±0.74‰ are significantly different from that of the nearby Miller Range blue ice with δ15N=+102.80±0.14‰ and δ18O=+43.11±0.64‰. This difference is notable, because if the meteorite had been contaminated with nitrate from the blue ice, the δ15N values should be the same. More importantly, the δ15N is similar to the uncontaminated Tissint Mars meteorite with δ15N=-4.5‰. These findings suggest a martian origin of the ClO4-, ClO3- and NO3- in EETA79001, and in conjunction with previous discoveries, support the hypothesis that they are present and ubiquitous on Mars. The presence of ClO3- in EETA79001 suggests the accompanying presence of other highly oxidizing oxychlorines such as ClO2- or ClO-, produced both by UV oxidation of Cl- and γ- and X-ray radiolysis of ClO4 Since such intermediary species may contribute to oxidization of organic compounds, only highly refractory and/or well-protected organics are likely to survive. The global presence of ClO4-, ClO3-, and NO3-, has broad implications for the planet-wide water cycle, formation of brines, human habitability, organics, and life. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

Cleland J.,Franklin Pierce University | Gillani R.,Outcomes Research Consultant | Bienen E.J.,Outcomes Research Consultant | Sadosky A.,Pfizer
Pain Practice | Year: 2011

Objective: To provide a systematic literature review of the responsiveness of patient-reported health outcomes measures for the evaluation of low back pain (LBP).Methods and Design: Searches of MEDLINE and EMBASE were performed for articles published in English through June 29, 2009 using the search terms "back pain" or "low back pain" and "questionnaires" or "instrument" or "survey" or "measure" or "patient report outcome." Information on responsiveness was gathered through additional measure-specific searches that included the measure name, first author of the original paper, and "respons*" or "sensit*." Responsiveness was determined based on use of a receiver operating characteristics curve or effect size statistics.Results: Of 43 identified measures, 31 were reported as being responsive to treatment or clinical change, 25 of which were evaluated for responsiveness using methods considered adequate. When considering both the responsiveness evaluation and the underlying factor structure, 13 measures were identified as being adequately validated for use in evaluating responsiveness in the research or clinical practice setting. The majority of the LBP outcome assessment studies were comprised of patients undergoing physical and interventional therapies from clinical practice and clinical trials. The Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire and the Oswestry Disability Index were the most comprehensively validated measures with respect to responsiveness.Conclusions: We identified 13 measures of LBP that can be used to evaluate responsiveness to change. Choice of a measure warrants careful evaluation of its construct and responsiveness properties in order to maximize the observed impact on pain and functional improvement in subjects with LBP. © 2010 The Authors. Pain Practice © 2010 World Institute of Pain. Source

Rhon D.I.,U.S. Army | Boyles R.B.,University of Puget Sound | Cleland J.A.,Franklin Pierce University
Annals of Internal Medicine | Year: 2014

Background: Corticosteroid injections (CSIs) and physical therapy are used to treat patients with the shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS) but have never been directly compared. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of 2 common nonsurgical treatments for SIS. Design: Randomized, single-blind, comparative-effectiveness, parallel-group trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01190891) Setting: Military hospital-based outpatient clinic in the United States. Patients: 104 patients aged 18 to 65 years with unilateral SIS between June 2010 and March 2012. Intervention: Random assignment into 2 groups: 40-mg triamcinolone acetonide subacromial CSI versus 6 sessions of manual physical therapy. Measurements: The primary outcome was change in Shoulder Pain and Disability Index scores at 1 year. Secondary outcomes included the Global Rating of Change scores, the Numeric Pain Rating Scale scores, and 1-year health care use. Results: Both groups demonstrated approximately 50% improvement in Shoulder Pain and Disability Index scores maintained through 1 year; however, the mean difference between groups was not significant (1.5% [95% CI, -6.3% to 9.4%]). Both groups showed improvements in Global Rating of Change scale and pain rating scores, but between-group differences in scores for the Global Rating of Change scale (0 [CI, -2 to 1]) and pain rating (0.4 [CI, -0.5 to 1.2]) were not significant. During the 1-year follow-up, patients receiving CSI had more SIS-related visits to their primary care provider (60% vs. 37%) and required additional steroid injections (38% vs. 20%), and 19% needed physical therapy. Transient pain from the CSI was the only adverse event reported. Limitation: The study occurred at 1 center with patients referred to physical therapy. Conclusion: Both groups experienced significant improvement. The manual physical therapy group used less 1-year SIS-related health care resources than the CSI group. Source

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