Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences

www.frankfurt-university.de
Frankfurt am Main, Germany

The Frankfurt University of Applied science is a large public university in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.The university provides about 38 study programmes in architecture and civil engineering, business and business law, informatics and engineering, social work and health. It has a highly international student body, with over 12,000 students coming from more than 100 countries. About 250 professors and over a 1000 other employees work at the University. The four faculties are: Architecture and civil engineering Informatics and engineering Business and law Social work and healthMost courses are taught in German; however, Master courses in English are provided in High Integrity Systems, Information Technology, and Urban development.One of the best-known alumni of the university is Gerhard Schulmeyer. Wikipedia.


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Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-19-2014 | Award Amount: 3.56M | Year: 2015

The I-SUPPORT project envisions the development and integration of an innovative, modular, ICT-supported service robotics system that supports and enhances older adults motion and force abilities and assists them in successfully, safely and independently completing the entire sequence of bathing tasks, such as properly washing their back, their upper parts, their lower limbs, their buttocks and groin, and to effectively use the towel for drying purposes. Advanced modules of cognition, sensing, context awareness and actuation will be developed and seamlessly integrated into the service robotics system to enable the robotic bathing system to adapt to the frail elderly population capabilities and the frail elderly to interact in a master-slave mode, thus, performing bathing activities in an intuitive and safe way. Adaptation and integration of state-of-the-art, cost-effective, soft-robotic manipulators will provide the hardware constituents, which, together with advanced human-robot force/compliance control that will be developed within the proposed project, will form the basis for a safe physical human-robot interaction that complies with the most up-to-date safety standards. Human behavioural, sociological, safety, ethical and acceptability aspects, as well as financial factors related to the proposed service robotic infrastructure will be thoroughly investigated and evaluated so that the I-SUPPORT end result is a close-to-market prototype, applicable to realistic living settings.


Stover H.,Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences | Wolff H.,University of Geneva
American Journal of Public Health | Year: 2012

Despite the dissemination of principles of medical ethics in prisons, formulated and advocated by numerous international organizations, health care professionals in prisons all over the world continue to infringe these principles because of perceived or real dual loyalty to patients and prison authorities. Health care professionals and nonmedical prison staff need greater awareness of and training in medical ethics and prisoner human rights. All parties should accept integration of prison health services with public health services. Health care workers in prison should act exclusively as caregivers, and medical tasks required by the prosecution, court, or security system should be carried out by medical professionals not involved in the care of prisoners.


Background/Aims: Although the number of patients in opioid substitution treatment (OST) in Germany has increased in recent years, many dependent opioid users remain out of treatment. Project IMPROVE assessed attitudes and beliefs regarding barriers to OST. Methods: Data were collected from opioid-dependent individuals (using self-complete questionnaires) currently in treatment (n = 200) or not in treatment (n = 200), and OST-accredited physicians (using computer-aided telephone interviewing) who currently provided (n = 101) or did not provide OST (n = 51) from different regions in Germany. Results: Key results showed that OST was perceived as valuable and effective by physicians, patients and users but that OST access and provision were inadequate, especially outside of major cities. Conclusion: These findings are consistent with national data indicating a worsening imbalance between patient demand for treatment and the supply of available physicians accredited to provide it. Many physicians and patients were not aware of, or were not utilizing, therapeutic strategies that may help reduce misuse and diversion. Improvements in the regulatory framework for OST, and identifying additional sources of support and training, would encourage more accredited physicians to actively provide treatment and thus help to fully realize the benefits of currently available treatment options. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Fischer G.,Medical University of Vienna | Stover H.,Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems | Year: 2012

Opioid-dependence treatment varies between countries despite the underlying condition being similar. The European Quality Audit of Opioid Treatment (EQUATOR) project utilised a survey design in 10 European countries to characterise the treatment of opioid dependence from the perspective of treating physicians, patients in treatment, and opioid users currently outside the medication-assisted treatment system. The survey covered topics including treatment goals; knowledge about and experience of treatment; drug use, misuse and diversion; employment; and prison experience. EQUATOR provides the opportunity to generate important new insights to guide treatment policy and practice. This article presents a detailed overview of the study methodology. © Icro Maremmani.


Schadle-Deininger H.,Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
Psychiatrische Praxis | Year: 2014

Patients with psychiatric problems have the right to receive qualified and humane psychiatric nursing. To meet these requirements nurses should reflect on their daily practice and whether they support clients in respect of autonomy, empowerment and recovery or only meet the requirements of the institution and well-worn routines. The Code of Ethics for Nurses (International Council of Nurses [ICN] and the four principles of Beauchamp and Childress [respect of autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence and justice]) help nurses to decide in their daily work on the narrow line between autonomy and treating the patient like a child. Emphasis is laid on the nurses' duty to influence the political development in health services. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart , New York.


Stover H.,Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems | Year: 2012

Many opioid users across Europe remain outside treatment, and not all of those in treatment derive optimal benefit. The European Quality Audit of Opioid Treatment (EQUATOR) analysis shows that opioid-dependent people report high levels of polydrug use, high rates of unemployment and past imprisonment, and significant physical and mental health comorbidities regardless of whether they are currently in or out of treatment. Improved strategies are required to deliver the benefits of treatment while managing the risks of non-compliance (e.g., misuse/diversion/drug use). Treatment systems should be judged by their ability to effectively reduce harm and promote individual recovery and social reintegration.


Henkel D.,Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
Current Drug Abuse Reviews | Year: 2011

The current article summarizes the results of a comprehensive review of the international research published between 1990 and 2010. The research was focused on the prevalence of substance use/disorders among the unemployed and employed, the impact of substance abuse on unemployment and vice versa, the effect of unemployment on alcohol/ drug addiction treatment and smoking cessation, and the relationship between business cycle, unemployment rate and substance use. Over hundred-thirty relevant studies were identified investigating these issues. The main results are as follows: (1) Risky alcohol consumption (associated with hazardous, binge, and heavy drinking) is more prevalent among the unemployed. They are also more likely to be smokers, to use illicit and prescription drugs, and to have alcohol and drug disorders (abuse, dependence). (2) Problematic substance use increases the likelihood of unemployment and decreases the chance of finding and holding down a job. (3) Unemployment is a significant risk factor for substance use and the subsequent development of substance use disorders. However, the current research provides only limited information about which individuals are more likely to be affected. (4) Unemployment increases the risk of relapse after alcohol and drug addiction treatment. (5) The exact nature of the relationship between unemployment and the probability of smoking cessation remains unclear due to the mixed results observed in the literature review. (6) Drinking and smoking patterns appear to be procyclical. We see a decrease in both when the economy declines and the unemployment rate increases. In contrast, a countercyclical trend was observed amongst adolescent drug users. However, these studies do not provide any convincing or additional information about substance use amongst the unemployed. This paper discusses the merits, limitations and problems of the research, proposes numerous future research questions, and outlines important implications for policy makers and practitioners, especially with regard to prevention and vocational promotion and rehabilitation. © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.


Jungmittag A.,Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
Journal of Forecasting | Year: 2016

This paper applies combining forecasts of air travel demand generated from the same model but over different estimation windows. The combination approach used resorts to Pesaran and Pick (Journal of Business Economics and Statistics 2011; 29: 307-318), but the empirical application is extended in several ways. The forecasts are based on a seasonal Box-Jenkins model (SARIMA), which is adequate to forecast monthly air travel demand with distinct seasonal patterns at the largest German airport: Frankfurt am Main. Furthermore, forecasts with forecast horizons from 1 to 12 months ahead, which are based on different average estimation windows, expanding windows and single rolling windows, are compared with baseline forecasts based on an expanding window of the observations after a structural break. The forecast exercise shows that the average window forecasts mostly outperform the alternative single window forecasts. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Goulao J.,E.ON | Stover H.,Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems | Year: 2012

Opioid users often cycle in and out of opioid maintenance treatment (OMT), consistent with opioid dependence being a chronic, relapsing condition. Results from the European Quality Audit of Opioid Treatment (EQUATOR), the largest analysis of OMT undertaken in Europe to date, revealed similar demographic profiles for patients in OMT and out-oftreatment opioid users (most of whom have been in OMT previously). Demographic profiles appeared relatively consistent across all 10 participating countries. Overall, EQUATOR data suggest that the healthcare setting for OMT is far more varied than the demographics of the OMT patient population, supporting the idea that variability in treatment outcomes is unlikely to be related to the clinical characteristics of patients but rather to other 'environmental' factors.


Stover H.,Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
Harm Reduction Journal | Year: 2010

Drug use is prevalent throughout prison populations, and, despite advances in drug treatment programmes for inmates, access to and the quality of these programmes remain substantially poorer than those available for non-incarcerated drug users. Because prisoners may be at greater risk for some of the harms associated with drug use, they deserve therapeutic modalities and attitudes that are at least equal to those available for drug users outside prison. This article discusses drug use by inmates and its associated harms. In addition, this article provides a survey of studies conducted in prisons of opioid substitution therapy (OST), a clinically effective and cost-effective drug treatment strategy. The findings from this overview indicate why treatment efforts for drug users in prison are often poorer than those available for drug users in the non-prison community and demonstrate how the implementation of OST programmes benefits not only prisoners but also prison staff and the community at large. Finally, the article outlines strategies that have been found effective for implementing OST in prisons and offers suggestions for applying these strategies more broadly. © 2010 Stöver and Michels; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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