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Frankfurt am Main, Germany

The Frankfurt University of Applied science is a large public university in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.The university provides about 38 study programmes in architecture and civil engineering, business and business law, informatics and engineering, social work and health. It has a highly international student body, with over 12,000 students coming from more than 100 countries. About 250 professors and over a 1000 other employees work at the University. The four faculties are: Architecture and civil engineering Informatics and engineering Business and law Social work and healthMost courses are taught in German; however, Master courses in English are provided in High Integrity Systems, Information Technology, and Urban development.One of the best-known alumni of the university is Gerhard Schulmeyer. Wikipedia.

Background/Aims: Although the number of patients in opioid substitution treatment (OST) in Germany has increased in recent years, many dependent opioid users remain out of treatment. Project IMPROVE assessed attitudes and beliefs regarding barriers to OST. Methods: Data were collected from opioid-dependent individuals (using self-complete questionnaires) currently in treatment (n = 200) or not in treatment (n = 200), and OST-accredited physicians (using computer-aided telephone interviewing) who currently provided (n = 101) or did not provide OST (n = 51) from different regions in Germany. Results: Key results showed that OST was perceived as valuable and effective by physicians, patients and users but that OST access and provision were inadequate, especially outside of major cities. Conclusion: These findings are consistent with national data indicating a worsening imbalance between patient demand for treatment and the supply of available physicians accredited to provide it. Many physicians and patients were not aware of, or were not utilizing, therapeutic strategies that may help reduce misuse and diversion. Improvements in the regulatory framework for OST, and identifying additional sources of support and training, would encourage more accredited physicians to actively provide treatment and thus help to fully realize the benefits of currently available treatment options. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Stover H.,Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences | Wolff H.,University of Geneva
American Journal of Public Health | Year: 2012

Despite the dissemination of principles of medical ethics in prisons, formulated and advocated by numerous international organizations, health care professionals in prisons all over the world continue to infringe these principles because of perceived or real dual loyalty to patients and prison authorities. Health care professionals and nonmedical prison staff need greater awareness of and training in medical ethics and prisoner human rights. All parties should accept integration of prison health services with public health services. Health care workers in prison should act exclusively as caregivers, and medical tasks required by the prosecution, court, or security system should be carried out by medical professionals not involved in the care of prisoners.

Schadle-Deininger H.,Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
Psychiatrische Praxis | Year: 2014

Patients with psychiatric problems have the right to receive qualified and humane psychiatric nursing. To meet these requirements nurses should reflect on their daily practice and whether they support clients in respect of autonomy, empowerment and recovery or only meet the requirements of the institution and well-worn routines. The Code of Ethics for Nurses (International Council of Nurses [ICN] and the four principles of Beauchamp and Childress [respect of autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence and justice]) help nurses to decide in their daily work on the narrow line between autonomy and treating the patient like a child. Emphasis is laid on the nurses' duty to influence the political development in health services. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart , New York.

Fischer G.,Medical University of Vienna | Stover H.,Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems | Year: 2012

Opioid-dependence treatment varies between countries despite the underlying condition being similar. The European Quality Audit of Opioid Treatment (EQUATOR) project utilised a survey design in 10 European countries to characterise the treatment of opioid dependence from the perspective of treating physicians, patients in treatment, and opioid users currently outside the medication-assisted treatment system. The survey covered topics including treatment goals; knowledge about and experience of treatment; drug use, misuse and diversion; employment; and prison experience. EQUATOR provides the opportunity to generate important new insights to guide treatment policy and practice. This article presents a detailed overview of the study methodology. © Icro Maremmani.

Stover H.,Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems | Year: 2012

Many opioid users across Europe remain outside treatment, and not all of those in treatment derive optimal benefit. The European Quality Audit of Opioid Treatment (EQUATOR) analysis shows that opioid-dependent people report high levels of polydrug use, high rates of unemployment and past imprisonment, and significant physical and mental health comorbidities regardless of whether they are currently in or out of treatment. Improved strategies are required to deliver the benefits of treatment while managing the risks of non-compliance (e.g., misuse/diversion/drug use). Treatment systems should be judged by their ability to effectively reduce harm and promote individual recovery and social reintegration.

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