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Guatemala City, Guatemala

Universidad Francisco Marroquín , or Francisco Marroquín University, is a private, secular university in Guatemala City, Guatemala. The school's website, characterizes its mission as "to teach and disseminate the ethical, legal, and overall economic principles of a society of free and responsible persons".According to Milton Friedman, UFM is "one of the leading universities in Latin America". Wikipedia.

Rissman Y.Z.,Stanford University | Khan C.T.,Stanford University | Isaac S.K.,Stanford University | Paiz J.A.,Francisco Marroquin University | DeGolia S.G.,Stanford University
Academic Psychiatry | Year: 2016

The vast majority of Guatemalans with mental illness do not receive any mental health treatment, yet these disorders cause significant suffering and functional impairment. The mental hea l th treatment gap in Guatemala is underscored by barriers to care in multiple dimensions, including grossly inadequate national funding for mental health, concentration of limited mental health facilities in the capital, ongoing human rights violations, woefully insufficient human resources for mental health care, and institutional stigmatization of the mentally ill. Stigma and false beliefs about mental illness cause barriers at the individual level; these barriers are equally important to address in order to improve access to care.Given these various challenges, we approached our partnership with ALAS from several different angles. Our educational series for non-physicians aims to provide basic mental health education in order to promote awareness and decrease stigma and discrimination among health workers. Our training session for physicians is aimed at integrating evidence-based alcohol screening and brief intervention into existing primary care infrastructure. Together, these projects, which were informed by international guidelines, epidemiological data (where available), and input from local experts and developed according to ALAŚs needs, aim to build capacity for mental health care in one particular region of Guatemala.Disclosures Yedida Rissman and Shani Isaac received funding for this project from the Stanford University Center for Innovation in Global Health. Jorge Alejandro Paiz is the founder of ALAS Pro Salud Mental, a nongovernmental organization that has received funding from the pharmaceutical company Sanofi. Sanofi had no input on the content of this paper. © 2014 Academic Psychiatry.

Higgs R.,Francisco Marroquin University
Independent Review | Year: 2013

Robert Higgs examines truth and freedom in economic analysis and economic policy making. Factual errors arise on a few occasions from deliberate falsification, but they arise far more often from sloppiness in the observation, measurement, transcription, and processing of data. Interpretive errors arise when researchers either apply an unsound theory or apply a sound theory incorrectly in their interpretation of causal relationships. This sort of mistake is much more complex and difficult to resolve than a factual error. of the good's true exchange value. If the government pays a subsidy to a good's producers, thereby increasing the quantity supplied and lowering the market price, potential suppliers then react to a false signal of the good's true exchange value. Government interference in the price system blunts or destroys the incentives that would otherwise lead entrepreneurs to reallocate resources more efficiently. Taxes destroy the incentive to produce more of certain goods that, without the tax, would be profitable to produce.

Morales Diaz L.,Francisco Marroquin University
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series | Year: 2012

User interfaces from dissimilar systems and applications are not usually analyzed or studied together or even in the same context unless the most generic possible method is meant to be applied and a model with high level of abstraction is sought for. In this study several interactive systems were analyzed and characterized at the user interface level in order to gain knowledge about the abstract model lying underneath and the type of modifications or innovations the yielded model would suggest. The possibility of porting and mixing the features of different user interfaces for exploring creative solutions was also considered. The study was conducted at the Electronic Visualization Laboratory in the University of Illinois at Chicago. Copyright 2012 ACM.

Hurtado J.J.,Francisco Marroquin University
Journal of the International AIDS Society | Year: 2011

The prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Guatemala among the general population is 0.79%, and 94% of transmission is directly related to sexual contact. Studies have been conducted on high- prevalence HIV-positive populations (men who have sex with men, commercial sex workers and prisoners). Heterosexual transmission has gained importance in the epidemic in Central America. To our knowledge, no study addressing knowledge of mechanisms of HIV transmission and condom use has been done on HIV-positive heterosexual men and women. A closed-ended structured interview that addressed knowledge of mechanisms of HIV transmission and condom use was conducted on 283 heterosexual HIV-positive men (54.8%) and women (45.2%) outpatients who attend the Roosevelt Hospital's Clinic of Infectious Diseases in Guatemala City. Differences between selected characteristics were examined for significance using the Chi-square test. A multiple logistic regression was done to determine socio-demographic variables associated with inconsistent condom use. Of the interviewed persons, 68.5% were either living with a partner or married, and 94.3% were currently using antiretroviral therapy. Most respondents knew the mechanisms of transmission of HIV. 81.7% and 87.3% reported always using a condom with their regular and casual sexual partner in the past year, respectively. There was no statistically difference in condom use according to the patient's formal education, gender, type of partner (regular or casual)or number of sexual partners. According to the interviewees, 72% of sexual partners in the past year were either HIV negative or of an unknown serostatus. Potentially, these HIV-negative persons are at risk of contracting the virus. Among the main reasons given for not using a condom were: "my partner did not want to use a condom"; and "the condom irritates or makes my partner uncomfortable". Since no socio-demographic or sexual behavior variable was associated with inconsistent condom use, we recommend intensive and regular condom counselling for every heterosexual HIV-positive outpatient who attends the clinic. Further studies should be done to determine condom use negotiation between partners; and to determine social, interpersonal and psychological factors that might affect the decision to use a condom or not. © 2011 Delgado Hurtado et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

This work contains a political and economic analysis of the Real Decreto Legislativo 2/2008, de 20 de junio, por el que se aprueba el texto refundido de la Ley de suelo - the Consolidated Text of the Spanish Land Use Act of 2008 - and of its consequences. The study focusses on the increased power of the arbitrary, the fostering of corruption, and the increased pressure on land values to rise caused by the adoption of this bill into law and on the doubtful constitutional validity of the legal text. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

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