Time filter

Source Type

Wang Q.,China Agricultural University | Wang Q.,France China Bio mineralization and Nano structure Laboratory | Liu J.-X.,China Agricultural University | Liu J.-X.,France China Bio mineralization and Nano structure Laboratory | And 9 more authors.
FEMS Microbiology Letters

To evaluate the expression patterns of genes involved in iron and oxygen metabolism during magnetosome formation, the profiles of 13 key genes in Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense MSR-1 cells cultured under high-iron vs. low-iron conditions were examined. Cell growth rates did not differ between the two conditions. Only the high-iron cells produced magnetosomes. Transmission electron microscopy observations revealed that magnetosome formation began at 6 h and crystal maturation occurred from 10 to 18 h. Real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that expression of these genes increased during cell growth and magnetosome synthesis, particularly for ferric reductase gene (fer6) and ferrous transport system-related genes feoAB1, feoAB2, sodB, and katG. The low-iron cells showed increased expression of feoAB1 and feoB2 from 12 to 18 h but no clear expression changes for the other genes. Expression patterns of the genes were divided by hierarchical clustering into four clusters for the high-iron cells and three clusters for the low-iron cells. Each cluster included both iron and oxygen metabolism genes showing similar expression patterns. The findings indicate the coordination and co-dependence of iron and oxygen metabolism gene activity to achieve a balance during the biomineralization process. Future transcriptome analysis will help elucidate the mechanism of biomineralization in MSR-1 magnetosome formation. © 2013 Federation of European Microbiological Societies: Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Wang X.,China Agricultural University | Wang X.,France China Bio mineralization and Nano structure Laboratory | Wang Q.,China Agricultural University | Wang Q.,France China Bio mineralization and Nano structure Laboratory | And 22 more authors.
Environmental Microbiology Reports

Magnetosome synthesis ability of Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense MSR-1 in an autofermentor can be precisely controlled through strict control of dissolved oxygen concentration. In this study, using transcriptome data we discovered gene transcriptional differences and compared physiological characteristics of MSR-1 cells cultured under aerobic (high-oxygen) and micro-aerobic (low-oxygen) conditions. The results showed that 77 genes were up-regulated and 95 genes were down-regulated significantly under micro-aerobic situation. These genes were involved primarily in the categories of cell metabolism, transport, regulation and unknown-function proteins. The nutrient transport and physiological metabolism were slowed down under micro-aerobic condition, whereas dissimilatory denitrification pathways were activated and it may supplemental energy was made available for magnetosome synthesis. The result suggested that the genes of magnetosome membrane proteins (Mam and Mms) are not directly regulated by oxygen level, or are constitutively expressed. A proposed regulatory network of differentially expressed genes reflects the complexity of physiological metabolism in MSR-1, and suggests that some yet-unknown functional proteins play important roles such as ferric iron uptake and transport during magnetosome synthesis. The transcriptome data provides a holistic view of the responses of MSR-1 cells to differing oxygen levels. This approach will give new insights into general principles of magnetosome formation. © 2016 Society for Applied Microbiology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Discover hidden collaborations