Li S.,Peking University |
Li S.,Capital Medical University |
Gao J.,Peking University |
Gu J.,Peking University |
And 3 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2013
To investigate the role of miR-215 in the relapse following radical surgery of colorectal cancer patients. The clinical data and surgical frozen tumor tissues were retrospectively collected from 125 stage II/III colorectal cancer patients, which contained 60 patients who relapsed and 65 patients who did not relapse within 3 years after surgery. The expression of miR-215 was determined by real-time PCR, and the relationship between miR-215 expression and the relapse was analyzed statistically. miR-215 was downregulated in relapsed patients compared to nonrelapsed patients (P = 0.001). The low expression of miR-215 was significantly correlated with a high probability of 3-year relapse (P = 0.001), which was more obvious in stage III patients (P < 0.001). The multivariate analysis showed that miR-215 expression could function as an independent predictive marker for relapse. It seemed that patients with high expressions of miR-215 could benefit from 5-fluorouracil-containing adjuvant chemotherapy without significant difference, whereas this phenomenon was reverse in patients with low expressions of miR-215. Our study highlighted for the first time that miR-215 could function as a potential predictive marker for relapse following radical surgery of colorectal cancer, and the possible correlation between miR-215 and 5-fluorouracil-containing adjuvant chemotherapy would be validated in the future. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Gao J.,Peking University |
He Q.,Peking University |
Hua D.,Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
Mao Y.,Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
And 2 more authors.
Clinical and Translational Oncology | Year: 2013
Purpose: Capecitabine-containing chemotherapy was widely used in clinic medication. We investigated the association of the thymidylate synthase (TS), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) polymorphisms with the clinical outcome of Chinese advanced gastric cancer patients receiving first-line capecitabine plus paclitaxel. Methods: Blood samples were collected prior to treatment from 125 patients with advanced gastric cancer and the TS (two or three repeats of a 28 bp sequence in 5′-untranslated region and 6 bp insertion or deletion in 3′-untranslated region), MTHFR (C677T) and DPD (IVS14+1G > A) polymorphisms were determined using PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing. Results: The median age of 125 patients was 58 years (range, 23-76) with female 42 and male 83, and the response rate, median progression-free survival and overall survival (OS) were 43.2 %, 5.2 and 11.0 months. The median OS in patients with TS ins6/ins6 genotype (6.8 months) was significantly shorter than those in patients with ins6/del6 (11.0 months, P = 0.016) and del6/del6 (11.5 months, P = 0.039) genotypes. Cox multivariate analysis also showed that TS ins6/ins6 genotype was the independent poor OS predictor (P = 0.001, HR = 3.182). No significant associations were found between the polymorphisms of TS 5′-UTR/MTHFR and clinical outcome, and no IVS14+1G > A polymorphism of DPD was found in this study. Conclusions: We first reported that TS 3′-UTR ins6/ins6 genotype could predict the poor survival of advanced gastric cancer patients treated with capecitabine plus paclitaxel, which would be further verified in a large multicenter study. © 2012 Federación de Sociedades Españolas de Oncología (FESEO).
Qian J.,Nanjing Medical University |
Ye F.,Nanjing Medical University |
Zhang J.,Nanjing Medical University |
Yang Y.-M.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
And 6 more authors.
Helicobacter | Year: 2012
Aims: To compare the efficacy and the adverse effects of levofloxacin-containing triple therapy, standard sequential therapy, and levofloxacin-containing sequential therapy as first-line treatment for Helicobacter pylori eradication. Methods: Three hundred and forty-five naive H. pylori-positive patients were randomized to receive levofloxacin-containing 7-day triple therapy (Levo triple, i.e., esomeprazole, 20 mg, twice daily, amoxicillin, 1 g, twice daily, and levofloxacin, 500 mg, once daily for 7 days, n = 114), standard sequential therapy (SST-10, 5-day esomeprazole, 20 mg, twice daily and amoxicillin, 1 g, twice daily followed by 5-day esomeprazole, 20 mg, twice daily, clarithromycin, 500 mg, twice daily and tinidazole, 500 mg, twice daily for 5 days, n = 115) or levofloxacin-containing sequential therapy (Levo-ST-10, 5-day esomeprazole, 20 mg, twice daily and amoxicillin, 1 g, twice daily for 5 days followed by 5-day esomeprazole, 20 mg, twice daily, levofloxacin, 500 mg, once daily and tinidazole, 500 mg, twice daily, n = 116). Eradication was confirmed by a 13C-urea breath test 4 weeks after completion of treatment. Results: Intention to treat (ITT) eradication rates were 78.1% (95% CI: 69.4, 85.3%), 78.3% (95% CI: 69.6, 85.4%), and 82.8% (95% CI: 74.6, 89.1%) for Levo triple, SST-10, Levo-ST-10, respectively (p = .599). Per protocol (PP) eradication rates were 80.9% (95% CI: 72.3, 87.8%), 82.6% (95% CI: 74.1, 89.2%), and 86.5% (95% CI: 78.7, 92.2%), respectively, for the three therapies (p = .513). Overall, 3.8% experienced mild to moderate adverse events; the rates were 1.75, 4.35, and 5.17%, respectively, in the three groups (p = .325). Conclusions: Standard sequential therapy and 7-day levofloxacin triple therapy produced unacceptably therapeutic efficacy in China. Only levofloxacin-containing sequential therapy achieved borderline acceptable result. None of the regimens tested reliably achieved 90% or greater therapeutic efficacy in China. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Qian L.,Nanjing University |
Ding L.,Peoples Hospital of Jiangyan |
Cheng L.,Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
Zhu X.,Nanjing University |
And 7 more authors.
Journal of Neurology | Year: 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate whether some biomarkers could predict cognitive impairment after stroke. One hundred fifty-two first-ever stroke patients were recruited within 6-72 h after the onset of symptoms. Blood was drawn within 1 h after admission for determining biomarkers. Cognitive function was assayed 2 weeks after stroke. The patients were divided into four groups: stroke, vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia (VCIND), vascular dementia (VaD), and mixed dementia (MD). Forty healthy subjects were used as controls. The results indicated that lower soluble receptor levels for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) and higher β-secretase enzyme (BACE1) and neprilysin (NEP) levels were found in the VCIND, VaD, and MD groups. In addition, the percentages of ε3/ε4 genotypes and ε4 alleles in the VCIND, VaD, and MD groups were higher than in the stroke group. Correlation analysis determined that sRAGE, BACE1, and NEP were significantly related to the results of neuropsychological assessments. Logistic regression analysis, however, suggested that only sRAGE and BACE1 changed ahead of cognitive impairment after stroke. In conclusion, only BACE1 and sRAGE, not NEP or APOE genotypes, may be biomarkers diagnosing poststroke cognitive impairment. © Springer-Verlag 2012.
Deng X.-T.,Xinghua Peoples Hospital |
Jiang M.-H.,Nantong University |
Zhu J.-H.,Nantong University |
Ge L.-J.,Ningxia Peoples Hospital |
And 8 more authors.
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis | Year: 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) not only is an independent risk factor for death but also confers significant risk of morbidity from stroke associated with left atrial thrombus. The association of interleukin 6 (IL-6) polymorphism with thrombus in AF has not been investigated before. We carried out a case-control study in Han Chinese. The IL-6 -634C/G genotypes of 31 patients with thrombus and 45 patients without thrombus were detected by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism. The frequencies of the IL-6 genotypes (CC, CG, and GG) were 29.03%, 54.54%, and 16.13% for the patients with thrombus, and 55.56%, 40.00%, and 4.44% for the patients without thrombus, respectively (P =.0391). Compared with the CC genotype, the G allele carriers (CG + GG) had a 2.79-fold increased risk of thrombus or severe spontaneous echocontrast (SEC). These results suggest that IL-6 -634C/G polymorphism is associated with thrombus and severe SEC, and the G allele is an independent risk for thrombus and severe SEC in Han Chinese patients with AF. © 2013 The Author(s).
Qian C.-D.,Zhejiang University |
Wu X.-C.,Zhejiang University |
Teng Y.,Zhejiang University |
Zhao W.-P.,Zhejiang University |
And 5 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Year: 2012
Hospital-acquired infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria are a significant challenge to patient safety. Numerous clinical isolates resistant to almost all commercially available antibiotics have emerged. Thus, novel antimicrobial agents, specifically those for multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, are urgently needed. In the current study, we report the isolation, structure elucidation, and preliminary biological characterization of a new cationic lipopeptide antibiotic, battacin or octapeptin B5, produced from a Paenibacillus tianmuensis soil isolate. Battacin kills bacteria in vitro and has potent activity against Gram-negative bacteria, including multidrug-resistant and extremely drug-resistant clinical isolates. Hospital strains of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the pathogens most sensitive to battacin, with MICs of 2 to 4 μg/ml. The ability of battacin to disrupt the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria is comparable to that of polymyxin B, the last-line therapy for infections caused by antibiotic-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. However, the capacity of battacin to permeate bacterial plasma membranes is less extensive than that of polymyxin B. The bactericidal kinetics of battacin correlate with the depolarization of the cell membrane, suggesting that battacin kills bacteria by disrupting the cytoplasmic membrane. Other studies indicate that battacin is less acutely toxic than polymyxin B and has potent in vivo biological activity against E. coli. Based on the findings of the current study, battacin may be considered a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of infections caused by antibiotic-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Copyright © 2012, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Pan M.,Nantong University |
Gao S.-P.,Ningxia Peoples Hospital |
Jiang M.-H.,Nantong University |
Guo J.,Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Investigative Medicine | Year: 2011
Background: Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a cytokine involved in different physiologic and pathophysiologic processes, and circulating levels of IL-6 differ greatly between individuals, but the results have not always been concordant among diverse populations. The aim of present study was to determine the prevalence of the 3 polymorphisms (j174G/C, j597G/A, and j634C/G) in the IL-6 gene promoter region and their effects on inflammatory markers in normal Han Chinese population. Methods: A total of 232 subjects (143 men and 89 women; mean age, 51.37 ± 17.63 years; range, 22-88 years) of unrelated healthy Han Chinese in Jinangsu area (south of China) were enrolled. Genotyping of the 3 polymorphisms were performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism combined with gel electrophoresis and then confirmed by direct sequencing. Results: Among the 232 individuals studied, 231 carried the GG wild type of -174G/C; only 1 carried the GC genotype. For -597G/A polymorphism, individuals all carried the GG wild type; the GA or AA genotypes were not detected. The frequencies of -634C/G genotypes CC, CG, and GG were found to be 59.48%, 37.07%, and 3.45%, respectively, the derived allele frequencies for the C and G alleles were 78.02% and 21.98%. There were no significant differences in age, sex, body mass index, or lipids parameters between the -634 CC and CG+GG genotypes. However, individuals with CC genotype showed lower levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and IL-6 than those with CG+GG genotype. Conclusions: IL-6 -174G/C and -597G/A are rare, but -634C/G is common in Han Chinese population, and the -634G allele is associated with circulating levels of IL-6 and C-reactive protein. Copyright © 2011 by The American Federation for Medical Research.
Huang Z.,Soochow University of China |
Huang Z.,Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
Hu Y.,Soochow University of China |
Hu Y.,Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
And 3 more authors.
BMC Microbiology | Year: 2013
Background: The prevalence of drug-resistant bacteria has encouraged the search for novel antimicrobial compounds. Food-associated microorganisms, as a source of new antibiotics, have recently received considerable attention. The objective of this study was to find novel antimicrobial agents produced by food microorganisms. Results: A bacterial strain B7, which has potent antimicrobial activity, was isolated from a sample of dairy waste. This strain was identified as Paenibacillus ehimensis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, physiological and biochemical characterization. Two active compounds (PE1 and PE2) were obtained from P. ehimensis B7. Mass spectrometry (MS) analysis showed that the molecular masses of PE1 and PE2 were 1,114 and 1,100 Da, respectively. The tandem MS and amino acid analysis indicated that PE1 and PE2 were analogs of polypeptin, and PE2 was characterized as a new member of this family. Both compounds were active against all tested bacterial pathogens, including methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and pan-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolate. Time-kill assays demonstrated that at 4 × MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration), PE1 and PE2 rapidly reduced the number of viable cells by at least 3-orders of magnitude, indicating that they were bactericidal antibiotics. Conclusions: In the present work, two cationic lipopeptide antibiotics (PE1 and PE2) were isolated from P. ehimensis B7 and characterized. These two peptides showed broad antimicrobial activity against all tested human pathogens and are worthy of further study. © 2013 Huang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Che J.,Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
Che J.,Soochow University of China |
Lu Y.-W.,Soochow University of China |
Sun K.-K.,First Peoples Hospital of Kunshan |
And 3 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of antiproliferative transducer of erbB2, 1 (TOB1) on the radiosensitivity of the normal human bronchial epithelial cell line HBE. After exposure to different doses of irradiation or a certain dose for different time intervals, the expression of TOB1 mRNA and protein in HBE cells was determined by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and western blot analysis. Liposome-induced recombinant plasmid transfection and G418 selection were performed to establish a stably transfected TOB1-overexpressing HBE cell line. A clonogenic assay was used to determine the radiosensitivity of the HBE cells with different TOB1 expression statuses. The cell cycle distribution was detected by flow cytometry. The ionizing radiation (IR)-induced γ-H2AX foci formation was detected by immunofluorescence assay. The related mechanism was explored by western blot analysis. TOB1 expression in the HBE cells was not induced by IR, neither dose-dependently nor time-dependently. Compared to the parental or 'mock' transfected HBE cells, the radiosensitivity of HBE cells overexpressing TOB1 was significantly decreased (P<0.05). Exogenous TOB1 prevented HBE cells from apoptosis after IR, in contrast to the control cells (P<0.05), and significantly decreased the IR-induced γ-H2AX foci formation. After IR, the expression of DNA damage repair proteins such as XRCC1, MRE11, FEN1 and ATM was increased in the TOB1-overexpressing HBE cells when compared with the expression levels in the control cells. HBE/TOB1 cells presented a much higher phosphorylated ERK1/2 and phosphorylated p53 when compared with the levels in the control cell lines when receiving 6 Gy of X-rays. Notably, the increased expression of phosphorylated p53 in HBE/TOB1 cells after IR was sufficiently blocked by U0126, a specific inhibitor of MEK1/2. Different from its functions in several lung cancer cell lines, TOB1 demonstrated a radioprotective function in the immortalized normal human bronchial epithelial cell line HBE via the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway.
Fei B.,Soochow University of China |
Fei B.,Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
Wu H.,Soochow University of China
Oncology Research | Year: 2013
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common cancers and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths globally. The discovery of microRNAs (miRNAs) provides a new avenue for GC diagnostic and treatment regiments. Currently, a large number of miRNAs have been reported to be associated with the progression of GC, among which miR-378 has been examined to be downregulated in GC tissues and several cell lines. However, the function of miR-378 on GC cells and the mechanisms were less known. Here we found that ectopic expression of miR-378 could inhibit cell proliferation, cell cycle progression, cell migration as well as invasion, and induced cell apoptosis in GC cell line MGC-803. Moreover, we found that oncogene mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK1) was a target gene of miR-378 in GC cells, and the tumor-suppressive role of miR-378 might be achieved by the direct interaction with MAPK1. Taken together, our results showed that miR-378 might act as tumor suppressors in GC, and it may provide novel diagnostic and therapeutic options for human GC clinical operation in the future. Copyright © 2013 Cognizant Comm. Corp.