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Xu S.,Tianjin Polytechnic University | Yang Y.,Tianjin Polytechnic University | Liu Y.,Fourth Hospital of Tianjin | Miao H.,Tianjin Polytechnic University | And 8 more authors.
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2011

The niclel nanoparticles were prepared via polyol process with hydrazine hydrate as reductant, the optimum conditions were investigated and proposed to be the molar ratio of NiCl2: NaOH: Hydrazine hydrate =1: 2: 11, 60 °C, pH5.5. The qualified fluorescent-magnetic dual functional CdTe/Ni nanoparticles were synthesized via layer-by-layer (LBL) technique, Ni was designed to be magnetic core and CdTe was used as fluorescent shell material, the molar ratio of CdTe:Ni is 4.5:1. The morphology of the Ni nano particles and CdTe/Ni core shell dual functional nano particles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and optical properties were investigated with fluorescence spectrum (FS) and ultra violet spectrum (UV). The synthesized CdTe/Ni nanoparticles showed yellow fluorescence when excited at 365nm, CdTe/Ni magnetic core shell QDs can be simply precipitated with a common magnet. TEM data indicated that ∼15nm of Ni nanoparticles were obtained and ∼25nm of CdTe/Ni core shell dual functional nanoparticles were prepared. Red shift of maximum absorbance peak was detected via UV, and these results inferred the QDs growth, moreover, 40nm red shift of maximum emission wavelength from 530nm to 570nm was observed, and which showed the growth QDs and formation of CdTe shell. The prepared magnetic core shell CdTe/Ni nanoparticles showed excellent optical properties, and it is expected to be useful and helpful in DNA sensing based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer, biological separating, and DNA labeling process. Source


Xu S.,Tianjin Polytechnic University | Yang Y.,Tianjin Polytechnic University | Liu Y.,Fourth Hospital of Tianjin | Miao H.,Tianjin Polytechnic University | And 8 more authors.
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2011

The core-shell CdTe/ZnS quantum dots were prepared with an improved process in aqueous phase. CdTe QDs were synthesized under conditions of pH 9.1, 96 °C, refluxing for 5h, and which was used as core material; ZnS was formed as shell material to enhance the optical properties. Optical properties were characterized with fluorescence spectrum (FS), and morphology of QDs was investigated via transmission electron microscopy (TEM) method. Moreover, composition and formation of CdTe/ZnS core-shell QDs was characterized via x-ray diffraction (XRD) method. Optimum conditions were investigated to obtain the qualified CdTe/ZnS core-shell QDs, the results indicated QDs with high quantum yields and fluorescence intensity were achieved under conditions of pH 9.0, 45 °C, refluxing for 1h, and v/v/v ratio of CdTe/Na2S/ZnSO 4 is 4/1/1. The TEM data indicated that average size of 5 nm CdTe core was prepared, and CdTe/ZnS core-shell QDs with average size of 11 nm were achieved under the optimum conditions. ca 30nm of red shift of a maximum emission wavelength from ca 530 nm (CdTe) to 560 nm (CdTe/ZnS) was observed via FS under the optimum conditions, which inferred the growth of QDs and formation of ZnS shells. Furthermore, the enhanced fluorescence intensity of CdTe/ZnS core-shell QDs was detected and over two times of fluorescence intensity was increased after formation of ZnS shell. The obtained QDs will have great potential application in biological researches and biosensing system based on fluorescence resonance energy transition (FRET). Source


Chen X.,Fourth Hospital of Tianjin | Liu Q.,Tianjin Medical University | Wang D.,Tianjin Medical University | Feng S.,Fourth Hospital of Tianjin | And 3 more authors.
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity | Year: 2015

Objective. To explore the protective effects of hydrogen-rich saline on rats with smoke inhalation injury. Methods. 36 healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (n= 12 per group): sham group (S), inhalation injury plus normal saline treatment group (I+NS), and inhalation injury plus hydrogen-rich saline treatment group (I+HS). 30 min after injury, normal saline and hydrogen-rich saline were injected intraperitoneally (5 mL/kg) in I+NS group and I+HS group, respectively. All rats were euthanized and blood and organ specimens were collected for determination 24 h after inhalation injury. Results. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels, malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 expression, and apoptosis index (AI) in I+HS group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), while superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were increased compared with those in I+NS group; and a marked improvement in alveolar structure was also found after hydrogen-rich saline treatment. Conclusions. Hydrogen-rich saline treatment exerts protective effects in acute lung injury induced by inhalation injury, at least in part through the activation of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant pathways and inhibition of apoptosis. Copyright © 2015 Xing Chen et al. Source

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