Foundation for the Promotion of the Health and Biomedical Research in the Valencia Region

Valencia, Spain

Foundation for the Promotion of the Health and Biomedical Research in the Valencia Region

Valencia, Spain
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Llop S.,Jaume I University | Llop S.,11 Health | Llop S.,Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research in the Valencia Region | Murcia M.,Jaume I University | And 12 more authors.
Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source | Year: 2017

Background: Prenatal exposure to organophosphate pesticides (OPs) has been associated with impaired child development. Pesticide exposure determinants need to be studied in order to identify sources and pathways of pesticide exposure. The aim of this paper is to describe prenatal exposure to OPs and evaluate the associated factors in pregnant women. Methods: The study population consisted of pregnant women (n = 573) who participated in the INMA birth cohort study in Valencia (Spain, 2003-2006). OP metabolites were analyzed in maternal urine at the 32nd week of gestation using a liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry method. The analysis included non-specific (diethyl phosphate [DEP], diethyl thiophosphate [DETP], dimethyl thiophosphate [DMTP], dimethyl dithiophosphate [DMDTP]) and specific metabolites (2-diethylamino-6-methyl-4-pyrimidinol [DEAMPY], 2-isopropyl-4-methyl-6-hydroxypyrimidine [IMPY], para-nitrophenol [PNP], and 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol [TCPY]). Information about the sociodemographic, environmental, and dietary characteristics was obtained by questionnaire. The association between log-transformed OPs and covariates was analyzed using multivariable interval censored regression. Results: The detection frequencies were low, DMTP and TCPY being the most frequently detected metabolites (53.8% and 39.1%, respectively). All the OP metabolites were positively associated with maternal intake of fruits and vegetables. Other maternal characteristics related to the OPs were body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy and smoking habit during pregnancy. Women with lower BMI and those who did not smoke presented higher OP concentrations. Moreover, mothers who had a yard or garden with plants at home or who lived in an urban area were also more exposed to OPs. Conclusions: The OP detection frequencies and the concentrations observed in our study population were low, compared with most of the previously published studies. Given the high vulnerability of the fetus to neurotoxicant exposure, further research on the determinants of the body burden of OPs during pregnancy would be necessary. The knowledge gained from such studies would enhance the effectiveness of public health control and future recommendations in order to reduce the risk to both the health of pregnant women and the health and development of their children. © 2017 The Author(s).


Sanchis Y.,Foundation for the Promotion of the Health and Biomedical Research in the Valencia Region | Sanchis Y.,Public Health Laboratory of Valencia | Coscolla C.,Foundation for the Promotion of the Health and Biomedical Research in the Valencia Region | Coscolla C.,Public Health Laboratory of Valencia | And 5 more authors.
Talanta | Year: 2015

An analytical strategy including both the quantitative target analysis of 8 regulated primary aromatic amines (PAAs), as well as a comprehensive post-run target screening of 77 migrating substances, was developed for nylon utensils, using liquid chromatography-orbitrap-high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) operating in full scan mode. The accurate mass data were acquired with a resolving power of 50,000 FWHM (scan speed, 2 Hz), and by alternating two acquisition events, ESI+ with and without fragmentation. The target method was validated after statistical optimization of the main ionization and fragmentation parameters. The quantitative method presented appropriate performance to be used in official monitoring with recoveries ranging from 78% to 112%, precision in terms of Relative Standard Deviation (RSD) was less than 15%, and the limits of quantification were between 2 and 2.5 μg kg-1. For post-target screening, a customized theoretical database was built for food contact material migrants, including bisphenols, phthalates, and other amines. For identification purposes, accurate exact mass (<5 ppm) and some diagnostic ions including fragments were used. The strategy was applied to 10 real samples collected from different retailers in the Valencian Region (Spain) during 2014. Six out of eight target PAAs were detected in at least one sample in the target analysis. The most frequently detected compounds were 4,4′-methylenedianiline and aniline, with concentrations ranging from 2.4 to 19,715 μg kg-1 and 2.5 to 283 μg kg-1, respectively. Two phthalates were identified and confirmed in the post-run target screening analysis. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Loading Foundation for the Promotion of the Health and Biomedical Research in the Valencia Region collaborators
Loading Foundation for the Promotion of the Health and Biomedical Research in the Valencia Region collaborators