Yusa V.,Foundation for the Promotion of the Health and Biomedical Research in the Valencian Region |
Yusa V.,Public Health Laboratory of Valencia |
Yusa V.,University of Valencia |
Millet M.,CNRS The Institute of Chemistry and Processes for Energy, Environment and Health |
And 4 more authors.
Analytica Chimica Acta | Year: 2015
Biomonitoring of both currently-used and banned-persistent pesticides is a very useful tool for assessing human exposure to these chemicals. In this review, we present current approaches and recent advances in the analytical methods for determining the biomarkers of exposure to pesticides in the most commonly used specimens, such as blood, urine, and breast milk, and in emerging non-invasive matrices such as hair and meconium. We critically discuss the main applications for sample treatment, and the instrumental techniques currently used to determine the most relevant pesticide biomarkers. We finally look at the future trends in this field. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.