Foundation for Applied Medical Research

Pamplona, Spain

Foundation for Applied Medical Research

Pamplona, Spain
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Rio-Machin A.,Molecular Cytogenetics Group | Ferreira B.I.,Molecular Cytogenetics Group | Henry T.,Mayo Medical School | Gomez-Lopez G.,Bioinformatics Unit | And 8 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2013

Currently, multiple myeloma (MM) patients are broadly grouped into a non-hyperdiploid (nh-MM) group, highly enriched for IgH translocations, or into a hyperdiploid (h-MM) group, which is typically characterized by trisomies of some odd-numbered chromosomes. We compared the micro RNA (miRNA) expression profiles of these two groups and we identified 16 miRNAs that were downregulated in the h-MM group, relative to the nh-MM group. We found that target genes of the most differentially expressed miRNAs are directly involved in the pathogenesis of MM; specifically, the inhibition of hsa-miR-425, hsa-miR-152 and hsa-miR-24, which are all downregulated in h-MM, leads to the overexpression of CCND1, TACC3, MAFB, FGFR3 and MYC, which are the also the oncogenes upregulated by the most frequent IgH chromosomal translocations occurring in nh-MM. Importantly, we showed that the downregulation of these specific miRNAs and the upregulation of their targets also occur simultaneously in primary cases of h-MM. These data provide further evidence on the unifying role of cyclin D pathways deregulation as the key mechanism involved in the development of both groups of MM. Finally, they establish the importance of miRNA deregulation in the context of MM, thereby opening up the potential for future therapeutic approaches based on this molecular mechanism. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

Zapata-Linares N.,University of Navarra | Rodriguez S.,University of Navarra | Salido E.,University of La Laguna | Abizanda G.,University of Navarra | And 5 more authors.
Stem Cell Research | Year: 2016

In this work we describe for the first time the generation and characterization of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and dermal fibroblasts of a Primary Hyperoxaluria Type I (PH1)-diagnosed patient with p.I244T mutation, which is highly prevalent in Canary Islands due to founder effect. Cell reprogramming was performed using non-integrative Sendai viruses containing the Yamanaka factors and the generated PH1-hiPSC lines (PH1-PBMCs-hiPSC4F1 and PH1-Fib-hiPSC4F1) showed normal karyotypes, silencing of the exogenous reprogramming factors, induction of the typical pluripotency-associated markers and in vivo differentiation ability to the three germ layers. © 2015 The Authors.

Mazo M.,University of Navarra | Cemborain A.,University of Navarra | Gavira J.J.,University of Navarra | Abizanda G.,University of Navarra | And 15 more authors.
Cell Transplantation | Year: 2012

Fresh adipose-derived cells have been shown to be effective in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (MI), but their role in the chronic setting is unknown. We sought to determine the long-term effect of the adipose derived-stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cell transplantation in a rat model of chronic MI. MI was induced in 82 rats by permanent coronary artery ligation and 5 weeks later rats were allocated to receive an intramyocardial injection of 10 7 GFP-expressing fresh SVF cells or culture media as control. Heart function and tissue metabolism were determined by echocardiography and 18F-FDG-microPET, respectively, and histological studies were performed for up to 3 months after transplantation. SVF induced a statistically significant long-lasting (3 months) improvement in cardiac function and tissue metabolism that was associated with increased revascularization and positive heart remodeling, with a significantly smaller infarct size, thicker infarct wall, lower scar fibrosis, and lower cardiac hypertrophy. Importantly, injected cells engrafted and were detected in the treated hearts for at least 3 months, directly contributing to the vasculature and myofibroblasts and at negligible levels to cardiomyocytes. Furthermore, SVF release of angiogenic (VEGF and HGF) and proinflammatory (MCP-1) cytokines, as well as TIMP1 and TIMP4, was demonstrated in vitro and in vivo, strongly suggesting that they have a trophic effect. These results show the potential of SVF to contribute to the regeneration of ischemic tissue and to provide a long-term functional benefit in a rat model of chronic MI, by both direct and indirect mechanisms. © 2012 Cognizant Comm. Corp.

Xipell E.,University of Navarra | Aragon T.,Foundation for Applied Medical Research | Martinez-Velez N.,University of Navarra | Vera B.,University of Navarra | And 10 more authors.
Neuro-Oncology | Year: 2016

Background Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress results from protein misfolding imbalance and has been postulated as a therapeutic strategy. ER stress activates the unfolded protein response which leads to a complex cellular response, including the upregulation of aberrant protein degradation in the ER, with the goal of resolving that stress. O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), N-methylpurine DNA glycosylase (MPG), and Rad51 are DNA damage repair proteins that mediate resistance to temozolomide in glioblastoma. In this work we sought to evaluate whether ER stress-inducing drugs were able to downmodulate DNA damage repair proteins and become candidates to combine with temozolomide. Methods MTT assays were performed to evaluate the cytotoxicity of the treatments. The expression of proteins was evaluated using western blot and immunofluorescence. In vivo studies were performed using 2 orthotopic glioblastoma models in nude mice to evaluate the efficacy of the treatments. All statistical tests were 2-sided. Results Treatment of glioblastoma cells with ER stress-inducing drugs leads to downregulation of MGMT, MPG, and Rad51. Inhibition of ER stress through pharmacological treatment resulted in rescue of MGMT, MPG, and Rad51 protein levels. Moreover, treatment of glioblastoma cells with salinomycin, an ER stress-inducing drug, and temozolomide resulted in enhanced DNA damage and a synergistic antitumor effect in vitro. Of importance, treatment with salinomycin/temozolomide resulted in a significant antiglioma effect in 2 aggressive orthotopic intracranial brain tumor models. Conclusions These findings provide a strong rationale for combining temozolomide with ER stress-inducing drugs as an alternative therapeutic strategy for glioblastoma. © 2016 The Author(s) 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Neuro-Oncology. All rights reserved.

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