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PubMed | Hinduja Hospital, Center for Cardiac science, Cardiologist., Fortis Hospital and 6 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India | Year: 2016

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients. Although the exact epidemiology of PE is not known in India, Some of the studies show that more frequently it is missed and not managed appropriately leading to significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Justification and purpose: Indian guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute PE are not yet formulated. The objective of this consensus statement is to propose a diagnostic and management approach for acute PE in India.A working group of 15 experts in the management of acute PE (cardiologists, pulmonologist, haematologist, emergency specialist and intensivists). This consensus statement makes recommendations for diagnosis and management for PE based on literature review, including Indian data.


Malik S.,Dn Sharma Hospital | Shah P.S.,Fortis Hiranandani Hospital | Mehta A.C.,Cleveland Clinic
Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology | Year: 2014

Chronic pulmonary venous hypertension causes dilatation and engorgement of bronchial veins because of a close communication between bronchial and pulmonary veins. We report a case of severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction with chronically elevated pulmonary venous pressure leading to characteristic bronchoscopic findings of engorgement of bronchial veins. Copyright © 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


PubMed | Somaiya Ayurvihar, SRL Laboratories and Fortis Hiranandani Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of cancer research and therapeutics | Year: 2016

Pure endobronchial neoplasms are a rare entity, and they may present with diverse pathological findings. Malignant diseases are more common than benign ones, and they mostly originate from the surface epithelium. Endobronchial tumors usually present with symptoms such as cough, hemoptysis, recurrent pneumonia, wheezing, and chest pain. Flexible bronchoscopy is necessary for diagnosis and evaluation of these endobronchial tumors. Advance bronchoscopy or definitive surgery is the modality of treatment for these tumors based on the presentation. We present a case series of patients suffering from different rare endobronchial tumors and their management along with the review of literature.


Sandeepa H.S.,Fortis Hiranandani Hospital | Kate A.H.,Fortis Hiranandani Hospital | Chaudhari P.,Fortis Hiranandani Hospital | Chavan V.,Fortis Hiranandani Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics | Year: 2013

This is a case report of a young adult presenting with hemorrhagic pleural effusion. Chest CT scan showed loculated pleural effusion with pleural nodule. Whole body PET scan showed thickening of pleura with multiple enhancing pleural nodules with different metabolic activity. Pleural nodule was biopsied which on histopathology showed pleural synovial sarcoma.


Tamm M.,University of Basel | Chhajed P.N.,Fortis Hiranandani Hospital | Stolz D.,University of Basel
Swiss Medical Weekly | Year: 2010

Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction is a new technology designed to reduce hyperinflation in severe COPD by implantation of endobronchial devices, such as biodegradable material, endobronchial valves or bronchopulmonary stents, via flexible bronchoscopy. This article discusses newest developments and results in bronchoscopic lung volume reduction.


Mehta A.J.,Institute of Pulmonology | Kate A.H.,Institute of Pulmonology | Kate A.H.,Fortis Hiranandani Hospital | Gupta N.,Fortis Hiranandani Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Association of Physicians of India | Year: 2012

We report a case of interrupted inferior vena cava (IVC) as a rare developmental defect. Inferior vena cava interruption is usually accompanied with azygos and hemiazygos continuation, and is asymptomatic. Consequently, venous blood from the caudal part of the body reaches the heart via the azygous vein and superior vena cava. A 50 year old female who came for routine health check-up was found to have pulmonary hypertension on two dimensional echocardiography. On further investigations she also had restriction on pulmonary function test. When computed tomography pulmonary angiography was done, showed dilated azygous vein without pulmonary embolism. Computed tomography of the abdomen demonstrated interrupted inferior vena cava. Such patients are at increased risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. © JAPI.


PubMed | Fortis Hiranandani Hospital
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation | Year: 2012

Transcutaneous measurement of carbon dioxide is routinely done at the earlobe site. In patients receiving non invasive ventilation or in the intensive care setting with necklines, an alternate measurement site would be useful. We started to use the infraclavicular site for transcutaneous measurements of carbon dioxide using a new digital sensor.Comparison of transcutaneous carbon dioxide with arterial carbon dioxide at the infraclavicular site.We retrospectively compared transcutaneous carbon dioxide at the infraclavicular site with arterial carbon dioxide in 50 samples. The Sentec Digital Monitoring System (Sentec AG, Therwil, Switzerland) was used. The V-Sign digital sensor was placed on the infraclavicular site at the medial two third and one third point from the sternoclavicular joint and acromioclavicular joint.When comparing P(c)CO(2) with P(a)CO(2) values, the Bland-Altman analysis revealed a bias of 0.02 kPa (95% CI: [- 0.1; 0.14]) with a precision of 0.42 kPa. Linear regression analysis describes the relationship between the two methods. The slope of the linear model was 0.85 0.04 and the intercept was 0.77 0.21 (RSE = 0.37, R(2) = 0.91).The measurement of transcutaneous carbon dioxide at the infraclavicular site is feasible with a digital sensor and has a good correlation with the carbon dioxide values obtained from the arterial blood gas. The findings of the current study form the basis for further clinical studies for its regular application in clinical use.


PubMed | Institute of Pulmonology and Fortis Hiranandani Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of cancer research and therapeutics | Year: 2017

Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is the initial modality of choice in sampling mediastinal lymphadenopathy. It is possible to obtain both cytological and histological samples using both 21-gauge and 22-gauge EBUS-TBNA needles. The current study was undertaken to compare the diagnostic yield of cytology and histology samples obtained by the same EBUS-TBNA 21-gauge needle.One hundred sixty-six consecutive patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA with a 21-gauge EBUS-TBNA needle over a period of 3 years were included in this retrospective analysis. The diagnostic yields of EBUS-TBNA histology (EBUS-TBNA-H) and EBUS-TBNA cytology (EBUS-TBNA-C) specimens were compared using the McNemar test.The overall sensitivity and specificity of EBUS-TBNA were 89% and 100%, respectively. The positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of EBUS-TBNA were 100% and 53%, respectively. The overall sensitivity and specificity of EBUS-TBNA-H were 85% and 100%, respectively. The PPV and NPV of EBUS-TBNA-H were 100% and 43%, respectively. The overall sensitivity and specificity of EBUS-TBNA-C were 65% and 100%, respectively. The PPV and NPV of EBUS-TBNA-C were 100% and 14%, respectively. The diagnostic yield of EBUS-TBNA-H over EBUS-TBNA-C was statistically significant (P < 0.0001).EBUS-TBNA-H with 21-gauge needle significantly improves the diagnostic yield of EBUS-TBNA. EBUS-TBNA-H improves the NPV of EBUS-TBNA. The combination of EBUS-TBNA-H and EBUS-TBNA-C improves the overall diagnostic yield of EBUS-TBNA.


PubMed | Fortis Hiranandani Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India | Year: 2015

Mediastinal lymphadenopathy in patients with malignancy may not be always metastatic disease. We present three patients with proven thoracic or extra thoracic malignancies with mediastinal lymphadenopathy which were subsequently proven as granulomatous lymphadenitis by endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). The objective of the current report is to emphasise that granulomatous lymphadenitis should be considered as an important differential diagnosis in such patients especially in tuberculosis endemic countries like India.


PubMed | Fortis Hiranandani Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Journal of cancer research and therapeutics | Year: 2013

This is a case report of a young adult presenting with hemorrhagic pleural effusion. Chest CT scan showed loculated pleural effusion with pleural nodule. Whole body PET scan showed thickening of pleura with multiple enhancing pleural nodules with different metabolic activity. Pleural nodule was biopsied which on histopathology showed pleural synovial sarcoma.

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