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Farīdābād, India

Hasnain M.S.,Sri Venkateswara University | Siddiqui S.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Pharmaceutical science | Rao S.,Fortis Clinical Research Ltd. | Mohanty P.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Pharmaceutical science | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Chromatographic Science | Year: 2016

The current studies describe the Quality by Design (QbD)-based development and validation of a LC-MS-MS method for quantification of fluoxetine in human plasma using fluoxetine-D5 as an internal standard (IS). Solid-phase extraction was employed for sample preparation, and linearity was observed for drug concentrations ranging between 2 and 30 ng/mL. Systematic optimization of the method was carried out by employing Box-Behnken design with mobile phase flow rate (X1), pH (X2) and mobile phase composition (X3) as the method variables, followed by evaluating retention time (Rt) (Y1) and peak area (Y2) as the responses. The optimization studies revealed reduction in the variability associated with the method variables for improving the method robustness. Validation studies of the developed method revealed good linearity, accuracy, precision, selectivity and sensitivity of fluoxetine in human plasma. Stability studies performed in human plasma through freeze-thaw, bench-top, short-term and long-term cycles, and autosampler stability revealed lack of any change in the percent recovery of the drug. In a nutshell, the developed method demonstrated satisfactory results for analysis of fluoxetine in human plasma with plausible utility in pharmacokinetic and bioequivalence studies. © 2016 The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Source

Hussain A.,Guru Nanak Dev University | Samad A.,Fortis Clinical Research Ltd. | Nazish I.,Jamia Hamdard University | Ahmed F.J.,Jamia Hamdard University
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy | Year: 2014

Objective: The conventional liposomal amphotericin B causes many unwanted side effects like blood disorder, nephrotoxicity, dose-dependent side effects, highly variable oral absorption and formulation-related instability. The objective of the present investigation was to develop cost-effective nanoemulsion as nanocarreir for enhanced and sustained delivery of amphotericin B into the skin. Methods and characterizations: Different oil-in-water nanoemulsions were developed by varying the composition of hydrophilic (Tween® 80) surfactants and co-surfactant by the spontaneous titration method. The developed formulation were characterized, optimized, evaluated and compared for the skin permeation with commercial formulation (fungisome 0.01% w/w). Optimized formulations loaded with amphotericin B were screened using varied concentrations of surfactants and co-surfactants as decided by the ternary phase diagram. Results and discussion: The maximum % transmittance obtained were 96.9±1.0%, 95.9±3.0% and 93.7±1.2% for the optimized formulations F-I, F-III and F-VI, respectively. These optimized nanoemulsions were subjected to thermodynamic stability study to get the most stable nanoemulsions (F-I). The results of the particle size and zeta potential value were found to be 67.32±0.8 nm and -3.7±1.2mV for the final optimized nanoemulsion F-I supporting transparency and stable nanoemulsion for better skin permeation. The steady state transdermal flux for the formulations was observed between 5.89±2.06 and 18.02±4.3g/cm2/h whereas the maximum enhancement ratio were found 1.85- and 3.0-fold higher than fungisome and drug solution, respectively, for F-I. The results of the skin deposition study suggests that 231.37±3.6g/cm2 drug deposited from optimized nanoemulsion F-I and 2.11-fold higher enhancement ratio as compared to fungisome. Optimized surfactants and co-surfactant combination-mediated transport of the drug through the skin was also tried and the results were shown to have facilitated drug permeation and skin perturbation (SEM). Conclusion: The combined results suggested that amphotericin B nanoemulsion could be a better option for localized topical drug delivery and have greater potential as an effective, efficient and safe approach. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted. Source

Nazish I.,Hamdard University | Samad A.,Fortis Clinical Research Ltd. | Beg S.,Hamdard University | Aqil M.,Hamdard University
Recent Patents on Anti-Infective Drug Discovery | Year: 2012

Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine disorder, affecting 16 million individuals in the United States and 200 million worldwide. Despite the use of advanced synthetic drugs for the treatment, use of herbal remedies is gaining higher importance because of synthetic drugs have drawbacks and limitations. The herbal drugs with antidiabetic activity are extensively formulated commercially because of easy availability, affordability and less side effects as compared to the synthetic antidiabetic drugs. Antidiabetic herbal formulations (AHF) are considered to be more effective for the management of diabetes. There are around 600 herbal drug manufacturers in India of which almost all manufacturers are developing AHF in addition to others. Till date, no article is published to give detailed information of the patents on AHF. Thus, this review article undertake the attempt for providing updated information on the type of diabetes and patented AHF which will enhance the existing knowledge of the researchers. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers. Source

Kumar S.,Ranbaxy Laboratories | Monif T.,Ranbaxy Laboratories | Arora R.,Ranbaxy Laboratories | Khuroo A.,Ranbaxy Laboratories | And 4 more authors.
Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs | Year: 2013

Orlistat is a non-systemic treatment for obesity. The drug inhibits lipase in the gastrointestinal track mainly in the lumen of the stomach and small intestine by binding reversibly with the active site of gastric and pancreatic lipases, preventing the absorption of ∼30-35% of dietary fat. The undigested triglycerides are not absorbed, resulting in a caloric deficit and positive effect in weight control. The objective of this study was to assess the bioequivalence of orlistat administered as a generic and reference capsule formulations using a pharmacodynamic end-point. A total of 60 healthy volunteers followed a 5-day run-in diet period to be accustomed to a low fat diet; subjects were then randomized to receive under fed conditions oral doses of orlistat (60 mg) 3-times daily for 10 days as the generic (Ranbaxy Laboratories) or reference (Alli™, GlaxoSmithKline) capsule formulations. Subjects followed a standardized diet (2500 kcal/day, ∼30% as fat) for the entire study. Feces were collected over the last 2 days of the run-in period (baseline) and over the last 5 days of the two treatment periods. The amount of fat in meals and feces were assayed using the validated FTIR method with a limit of detection of 1.00 g%, respectively. Fecal fat excretion over 24 h (FFE24SS, calculated as the amount of fat excreted in feces adjusted by the amount of fat ingested) was used as a pharmacodynamic end-point to assess the bioequivalence between the two orlistat formulations. An analyses of variance (ANOVA) was performed on the log-transformed FFE24SS parameter to establish bioequivalence of the generic product with respect to the innovator formulation. Mean FFE24SS values at baseline and after repeated oral administrations of the generic and innovator formulations of orlistat were 0.88%, 40.55% and 40.54%, respectively. The ratio of least-squares means (LSM) of FFE24SS of the generic to the innovator formulation was 101.90%, with 90% confidence intervals of 97.94-106.01%. Orlistat was well tolerated by subjects in both periods of study and no serious adverse events were observed during the study. In conclusion, mean FFE24SS values were used as pharmacodynamic end-points to assess bioequivalence between two formulations of orlistat. Results from this study suggest that the test formulation of Orlistat capsule is bioequivalent to the reference marketed Alli™ when administered to healthy volunteers as a multiple dose under fed conditions. © 2013 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. Source

Hasnain M.S.,Seemanta Institute of Pharmaceutical science | Rao S.,Fortis Clinical Research Ltd. | Singh M.K.,Fortis Clinical Research Ltd. | Vig N.,Fortis Clinical Research Ltd. | And 5 more authors.
Analyst | Year: 2013

For the determination of lenalidomide using carbamazepine as an internal standard, an ultra-fast stability indicating LC-MS/MS method was developed, validated and optimized to support clinical advancement. The samples were prepared by solid-phase extraction. The calibration range was 2-1000 ng mL -1, for which a quadratic regression (1/x2) was best fitted. The method was validated and a 32 factorial was employed using Box-Behnken experimental design for the validation of robustness. These designs have three factors such as mobile phase composition (X1), flow rate (X2) and pH (X3) while peak area (Y1) and retention time (Y2) were taken as response. This showed that little changes in mobile phase and flow rate affect the response while pH has no affect. Lenalidomide and carbamazepine were stable in human plasma after five freeze thaw cycles, at room temperature for 23.7 h, bench top stability for 6.4 h. This method competes with all the regulatory requirements for selectivity, sensitivity, precision, accuracy, and stability for the determination of lenalidomide in human plasma, as well as being highly sensitive and effective for the pharmacokinetic and bioequivalence study of lenalidomide. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source

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