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Schmid D.,Forschungsanstalt Agroscope Reckenholz Tanikon | Lanz S.,Bundesamt fur Landwirtschaft BLW
Agrarforschung Schweiz | Year: 2013

As part of the 2014-2017 agricultural policy, the Swiss Federal Council is proposing a contribution for grassland-based milk and meat production in the form of the socalled production-system contributions. With a view to the structuring of this new instrument and its future evaluation, the current situation as regards the feeding of ruminants in Switzerland is of interest. With the help of key bookkeeping figures from Agroscope's Farm Accountancy Data Network, we are investigating the composition of the feed ration of Swiss dairy farms. The proportion of feed from grassland is lower for mixed farms than for the specialised commercial dairy farms. Organic farms, farms with a lower milk yield and farms in higher-altitude zones have a higher percentage of grass in their rations. All in all, the composition of the feed varies significantly from one farm to another, and a majority of the farms possess the necessary conditions for satisfying the requirements of the new programme for grassland-based milk and meat production. Source


Mann S.,Forschungsanstalt Agroscope Reckenholz Tanikon | Ferjani A.,Forschungsanstalt Agroscope Reckenholz Tanikon | Zimmermann A.,Forschungsanstalt Agroscope Reckenholz Tanikon | Mack G.,Forschungsanstalt Agroscope Reckenholz Tanikon | Mohring A.,Forschungsanstalt Agroscope Reckenholz Tanikon
Agrarforschung Schweiz | Year: 2013

Switzerland's high purchasing power, natural site conditions, small-scale agricultural structure and political independence arguably make it more suitable than any other country for a conversion of entire regions to organic farming. The SWISSland forecast model is used to simulate a complete changeover to organic farming for the time period 2018-20, and to compare this with a continuation of Agricultural Policy 2014-17. A complete conversion to organic agriculture would cause a slight expansion in arable farming to the detriment of animal husbandry. The decline in the work force would be slowed, and the production of foodstuffs would drop by 17 per cent (grains) to 50 per cent (sugar beet). This lower production also puts in perspective the reduction of the environmental burden, such as a 42% savings on energy expended in the agricultural sector. Switzerland's total switchover to organic farming would only be economically sustainable if consumers supported it by paying higher prices for food rather than by largely replacing current PEP products with the consumption of conventionally produced imported goods. Source

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