Sita Road, Pakistan

Forman Christian College

www.fccollege.edu.pk
Sita Road, Pakistan

The Forman Christian College University , is a private chartered university located in the residential area of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.Founded in 1864 by American Christian activist and academician Dr. Charles William Forman, it gained "university status" granted by the Government and offers various academic programmes for undergraduate and post-graduate studies. Since its establishment it has reputed itself as one of the premier institution of higher learning in the country in various academic disciplines. As of 2013, the university is currently rank as one of the top institution in "general category" by the HEC.Since its establishment, the university is noted for producing notable scholars, intellectuals, and statesmen who played vital role in the affairs of Pakistan. In addition, the university is one of few quite institution that offers an American-style education. Wikipedia.


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Ahmad L.,Allama Iqbal Open University | Aslam M.,Forman Christian College | Jun C.-H.,Pohang University of Science and Technology
Transactions of the Institute of Measurement and Control | Year: 2014

A control chart, being an important tool of statistical process control, has been used for process monitoring and detection of any out-of-control process situation. In this paper, the Shewhart X̄ chart, also known as the traditional control chart, in combination with the process capability index Cp proposed by Subramani and Balamurali, is presented under the repetitive sampling scheme. The optimal design parameters of the proposed control chart are calculated. The performance of the proposed control chart is evaluated through the average run lengths (ARLs). Numerical tables have been constructed for the purpose of comparing the in-control ARL and the out-of-control ARL with the single sampling scheme. The findings of the study show that the newly suggested sampling scheme is better than the existing single sampling scheme in detection of mean shift of the process. © The Author(s) 2013.


Aslam M.,Forman Christian College | Lio Y.L.,University of South Dakota | Jun C.-H.,Pohang University of Science and Technology
International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology | Year: 2013

Under truncated life tests, two types of repetitive acceptance sampling plans are proposed to ensure the quality of products in terms of percentile lifetime when the lifetime follows the Burr type XII distribution. The proposed acceptance sampling plans, including the ordinary repetitive acceptance sampling plan and the repetitive version of a group acceptance sampling plan, are developed to meet producer's and consumer's risks at two specified lifetime percentiles, simultaneously. Useful tables have been established for a wide range of Burr type XII distributions which include the log-logistic distribution for practical utilization. Finally, some examples are provided for illustration. © 2013 Springer-Verlag London.


Zaheer S.,University of Maryland University College | Zaheer S.,Forman Christian College | Yoon P.H.,University of Maryland University College
Astrophysical Journal | Year: 2013

A recent series of papers put forth a self-consistent theory of an asymptotically steady-state electron distribution function and Langmuir turbulence intensity. The theory was developed in terms of the κ distribution which features Maxwellian low-energy electrons and a non-Maxwellian energetic power-law tail component. The present paper discusses a generalized κ distribution that features a Davydov-Druyvesteyn type of core component and an energetic power-law tail component. The physical motivation for such a generalization is so that the model may reflect the influence of low-energy electrons interacting with low-frequency kinetic Alfvénic turbulence as well as with high-frequency Langmuir turbulence. It is shown that such a solution and the accompanying Langmuir wave spectrum rigorously satisfy the balance requirement between the spontaneous and induced emission processes in both the particle and wave kinetic equations, and approximately satisfy the similar balance requirement between the spontaneous and induced scattering processes, which are nonlinear. In spite of the low velocity modification of the electron distribution function, it is shown that the resulting asymptotic velocity power-law index α, where fe ∼ v -α is close to the average index observed during the quiet-time solar wind condition, i.e., whereas αaverage 6.69, according to observation. © 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved..


Abbas M.,Forman Christian College | Leitgeb A.,University of Graz | Slugovc C.,University of Graz
Synlett | Year: 2013

An olefin-metathesis catalyst featuring a 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-4, 5-dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene N-heterocyclic carbene and an ester-chelating carbene ligand efficiently promoted the cross metathesis of olefins with 3-buten-2-one in the presence of copper iodide as cocatalyst. At optimized reaction conditions a 10-20 times lower catalyst loading compared to the state of the art could be achieved. © Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart New York.


Ahmed D.,Forman Christian College
African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines : AJTCAM / African Networks on Ethnomedicines | Year: 2012

As part of our search for natural antioxidants, this work presents an evaluation of antioxidant activities of methanolic extract of Oxalis corniculata and its sub-fractions in hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water. The total phenolic contents in terms of μg of gallic acid equivalents per mg of dried mass were approximately 21.0, 28.2, 34.5, 162.0, 70.0, and 49.2 in methanolic, hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanolic and aqueous fractions respectively, while the flavonoid contents in these solvents were 362.4, 214.1, 317.1, 177.1, 98.8 and 53.5 respectively in terms of μg of rutin per mg of dried mass. In DPPH assay, the ethyl acetate fraction showed the highest free radical scavenging activity, 24.0% with 1 mg/mL concentration. The second strongest fraction was chloroform (21.5%). The EC50 and TEC50 values of the methanolic extract were 3.63 mg/mL and 23 min respectively. The FRAP values in terms of μg of ascorbic acid equivalents per mg of dried mass for these solvents were 288.0, 1705.3, 437.1, 72.0, 28.0, and 44.0 respectively while total antioxidant activity measured by phosphomolybdate assay in terms of μg of ascorbic acid equivalents per mg of dried mass were 50.0, 117.0, 78.6, 57.8, 3.4 and 8.3 respectively. All the samples showed remarkable ability to inhibit lipid peroxidation exhibiting much better and sustainable peroxidation inhibitory activity than the standard butylated hydroxyanisole.


Al-Rashida M.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology | Iqbal J.,Forman Christian College
Medicinal Research Reviews | Year: 2014

The modulatory role of extracellular nucleotides and adenosine in relevance to purinergic cell signaling mechanisms has long been known and is an object of much research worldwide. These extracellular nucleotides are released by a variety of cell types either innately or as a response to patho-physiological stress or injury. A variety of surface-located ecto-nucleotidases (of four major types; nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases or NTPDases, nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterases or NPPs, alkaline phosphatases APs or ALPs, and ecto-5′-nucleotidase or e5NT) are responsible for meticulously controlling the availability of these important signaling molecules (at their respective receptors) in extracellular environment and are therefore crucial for maintaining the integrity of normal cell functioning. Overexpression of many of these ubiquitous ecto-enzymes has been implicated in a variety of disorders including cell adhesion, activation, proliferation, apoptosis, and degenerative neurological and immunological responses. Selective inhibition of these ecto-enzymes is an area that is currently being explored with great interest and hopes remain high that development of selective ecto-nucleotidase inhibitors will prove to have many beneficial therapeutic implications. The aim of this review is to emphasize and focus on recent developments made in the field of inhibitors of ecto-nucleotidases and to highlight their structure activity relationships wherever possible. Most recent and significant advances in field of NTPDase, NPP, AP, and e5NT inhibitors is being discussed in detail in anticipation of providing prolific leads and relevant background for research groups interested in synthesis of selective ecto-nucleotidase inhibitors. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Chughtai A.A.,Forman Christian College
Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied | Year: 2016

This study investigated the mediating role of organizational identification and psychological safety in the relationship between servant leadership and two employee outcomes: employee voice and negative feedback seeking behavior. The sample for this study comprised of 174 full-time employees drawn from a large food company based in Pakistan. Results showed that organizational identification and psychological safety partially mediated the effects of servant leadership on voice and negative feedback seeking behavior. The theoretical and practical implications of this research are discussed. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC


Chughtai A.A.,Forman Christian College
Safety Science | Year: 2015

This study explored the effects of ethical leadership on two dimensions of safety performance: safety compliance and safety participation. Additionally, it sought to examine the mediating role of job autonomy and self-efficacy in these relationships. Sample for this study comprised of 179 doctors who were working on a full-time basis in a large public sector hospital located in Pakistan. Results showed that as theorized, job autonomy and self-efficacy fully mediated the effects of ethical leadership on safety compliance and safety participation. The implications of these findings for research and practice are discussed. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Henderson P.J.,Forman Christian College
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering | Year: 2014

Fibre-optic monitoring systems came of age in about 1999 upon the emergence of the world's first significant commercialising company-a spin-out from the UK's collaborative MAST project. By using embedded fibre-optic technology, the MAST project successfully measured transient strain within high-performance composite yacht masts. Since then, applications have extended from smart composites into civil engineering, energy, military, aerospace, medicine and other sectors. Fibre-optic sensors come in various forms, and may be subject to embedment, retrofitting, and remote interrogation. The unique challenges presented by each implementation require careful scrutiny before widespread adoption can take place. Accordingly, various aspects of design and reliability are discussed spanning a range of representative technologies that include resonant microsilicon structures, MEMS, Bragg gratings, advanced forms of spectroscopy, and modern trends in nanotechnology. Keywords: Fibre-optic sensors, fibre Bragg gratings, MEMS, MOEMS, nanotechnology, plasmon. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.


Brown P.,University of Bristol | Khan A.M.,Forman Christian College | Armstrong J.P.K.,University of Bristol | Perriman A.W.,University of Bristol | And 2 more authors.
Advanced Materials | Year: 2012

DNA chains and their movement in solvent may now be controlled simply by surfactant binding and the switching "on" and "off" of a magnetic field adding a new paradigm to the study and control, condensation and manipulation of DNA (and other biomolecules). Such control is essential for biotechnological applications such as transfection and the regulation of gene suppression, as well as in materials science concerning soft molecular self-assemblies. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

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