Newesely C.,University of Innsbruck |
Leitinger G.,University of Innsbruck |
Leitinger G.,European Academy Bozen EURAC |
Zimmerhofer W.,University of Innsbruck |
And 5 more authors.
Catena | Year: 2015
Simulating heavy rain events to analyze potential surface runoff and related soil erosion is a well-established approach in alpine ecology and hydrology. In steep and inaccessible terrain with highly variable relief and vegetation, as occurs in mountainous regions, the rain simulators used to date are often not adapted to the abovementioned characteristics. This study reviews heavy rainfall simulators and presents a consequentially developed rain simulator that covers an area of 10m2. The results of simulated heavy rainfall events (100mmh-1) demonstrated the sprinkling equipment used here to be a useful tool, delivering robust results when studying surface runoff at small scales in a heterogeneous terrain. A comparison to rainfall simulation on a 50m2 plot revealed no significant differences, which demonstrates the equipment used at the scale of 10m2 to be above a "minimum area" for rainfall simulation. Finally, the impacts of plot size on runoff behavior are discussed to provide useful information using a rainfall simulator in the field. The presented rainfall simulator turned out to be a valuable tool for obtaining more detailed information on the surface runoff of small patterned landscapes (i.e., in both natural and managed grass and dwarf-shrublands) by delivering results comparable to those of larger-scale rain simulators (covering 50 or 100m2). © 2014 Elsevier B.V.