Southeast Forensic Science Service

Southeast, China

Southeast Forensic Science Service

Southeast, China
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Fan L.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Wu Q.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Xing X.,Southeast Forensic Science Service | Wei Y.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Shao Z.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica | Year: 2012

MicroRNAs are important gene regulators that play a profound role in tumorigenesis. MicroRNA-145 (miR-145), an important member in the family of microRNAs, is under-expressed in several types of tumors and acts as a tumor suppressor. The role and probable pathways of miR-145 in osteosarcoma carcinogenesis are still unknown. In this study, we found that miR-145 was significantly under-expressed in osteosarcoma tissues, and the over-expression of miR-145 could inhibit invasion and angiopoiesis of osteosarcoma cells. Furthermore, the results showed that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression was down-regulated in osteosarcoma cells after miR-145 transfection. On the basis of these results, we performed the luciferase assay and verified that miR-145 could down-regulate VEGF at the translational level by partially binding to VEGF 3′ untranslated region (3′UTR). Therefore, it can be concluded that miR-145 can inhibit invasion and metastasis of osteosarcoma cells. One of the mechanisms is the down-regulation of VEGF expression by miR-145 by binding to the 3′UTR of VEGF mRNA specifically. These novel findings may have extensive implications for an effective gene therapy of osteosarcoma. © 2012 The Author.


Fan L.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Wu Q.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Xing X.,Southeast Forensic Science Service | Liu Y.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Shao Z.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology - Medical Science | Year: 2011

The effects of targeted silencing of heparanase gene by small interfering RNA (siRNA) on invasiveness and metastasis of osteosarcoma cells (MG63 cells) were investigated in the present study. Two complementary oligonucleotide strands were synthesized and inserted into pGenesil-1 vector based on the mRNA sequence of heparanase gene. The expression vector containing short hairpin RNA (pGenesil-shRNA) was constructed successfully. MG63 cells were randomly allocated into 3 groups: Blank group, empty vector (pGenesil) transfected group and expression vector (pGenesil-shRNA) transfected group. Under the induction of Lipofectamine 2000, the recombinants were transfected into MG63 cells. Heparanase gene expression level was detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. Cell proliferation was measured by MTT assay. Cell invasiveness and metastasis were examined by cell adhesion and Transwell-ECM assays. HUVECs migration assay was applied for the detection of angiogenesis. As compared with negative controls, the mRNA and protein expression levels of heparanase were down-regulated by 76.1% (P<0.01) and 75.3% (P<0.01) respectively in the pGenesil-shRNA transfected group. Meanwhile, the proliferation, adhesiveness, invasiveness and angiogenesis properties of MG63 cells were all significantly inhibited. It was suggested that targeted silencing of heparanase gene by siRNA could dramatically inhibit the invasiveness and metastasis of osteosarcoma cells. © Huazhong University of Science and Technology and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011.

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