Benkovic M.,University of Zagreb |
Spoljaric I.,Forensic Science Center Ivan Vucetic |
Mrsic G.,Forensic Science Center Ivan Vucetic |
Bauman I.,University of Zagreb
Food and Bioprocess Technology | Year: 2013
The aim of this study was to get an insight on flow properties of five different food powders and their mixtures frequently used in industrial production of foodstuffs and in households. The studied food powders were flour, maize semolina, sugar, cocoa, and skim milk powder together with their mixtures. Based on cohesion index, samples were categorized as follows: easy flowing-sugar powder, skim milk powder, maize semolina, and mixture 3 (wheat flour and sugar powder); cohesive-flour and mixture 1 (wheat flour and maize semolina); very cohesive-mixture 4 (wheat flour, cocoa, and sugar powder), and extremely cohesive-cocoa powder and mixture 2 (cocoa, sugar, and skim milk powder). Based on powder flow speed dependency test, positive multiple correlations were found between four powder mixtures and their basic components at all speeds. Flour, maize semolina, and mixtures 1 and 3 did not show any susceptibility to caking, while sugar, skim milk powder, cocoa powder, and mixtures 2 and 4 showed an increasing cake height ratio indicating their susceptibility to caking. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Salihovic M.P.,Institute for Anthropological Research |
Baresic A.,Institute for Anthropological Research |
Klaric I.M.,Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies |
Cukrov S.,Forensic Science Center Ivan Vucetic |
And 2 more authors.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology | Year: 2011
The Roma are comprised of many founder groups of common Indian origins but different socio-cultural characteristics. The Vlax Roma are one of the founder Roma populations characterized by a period of bondage in the historic Romanian principalities, and by the archaic Romanian language. Demographic history suggests different migration routes of Roma populations, especially after their arrival in Mesopotamia and the eastern boundary of the Byzantine Empire. Although various genetic studies of uniparental genetic markers showed a connection between Roma genetic legacy and their migration routes, precise sampling of Roma populations elucidates this relationship in more detail. In this study, we analyzed mitochondrial DNA of 384 Croatian Vlax Roma from two geographic locations in the context of 734 European Roma samples. Our results show that Roma migration routes are marked with two Near-Eastern haplogroups, X2 and U3, whose inverse proportional incidence clearly separates the Balkan and the Vlax Roma from other Roma populations that reached Europe as part of the first migration wave. Spatial and temporal characteristics of these haplogroups indicate a possibility of their admixture with Roma populations before arrival in Europe. Distribution of haplogroup M35 indicates that all Vlax Roma populations descend from one single founder population that might even reach back to the original ancestral Indian population. Founder effects followed by strict endogamy rules can be traced from India to contemporary small, local communities, as in the case of two Croatian Vlax Roma populations that show clear population differentiation despite similar origins and shared demographic history. Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Marinkovic N.,University of Zagreb |
Pasalic D.,University of Zagreb |
Ferencak G.,Medikol Outpatient Clinic |
Grskovic B.,Forensic Science Center Ivan Vucetic |
Rukavina A.S.,University of Zagreb
Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju | Year: 2010
The term dioxins usually refers to polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs). As 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro-dibenzo-p- dioxin (TCDD) has the highest toxic potential, the toxic potentials of other PCDDs and PCDFs are defined in comparison with it. Human exposure to dioxins can be environmental (background), occupational, or accidental pollution. In the human body, dioxins are in part metabolised and eliminated, and the rest is stored in body fat. People vary in their capacity to eliminate TCDD, but it is also dose-dependent; the elimination rate is much faster at higher than lower levels. The liver microsomal P4501A1 enzyme oxygenates lipophilic chemicals such as dioxins. It is encoded by the CYP1A1 gene. Cytosolic aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) mediates their carcinogenic action. It binds to dioxin, translocates to nucleus and together with hydrocarbon nuclear translocator (ARNT) and xenobiotic responsive element (XRE) increases the expression of CYP1A1.Dioxins are classified as known human carcinogens, but they also cause noncancerous effects like atherosclerosis, hypertension, and diabetes. Long-term exposures to dioxins cause disruption of the nervous, immune, reproductive, and endocrine system. Short-term exposure to high levels impairs the liver function and causes chloracne. The most sensitive population to dioxin exposure are the foetuses and infants.A large number of health effects have been documented in the scientific literature, and they all place dioxins among the most toxic chemicals known to man.
Grskovic B.,Forensic Science Center Ivan Vucetic
Croatian medical journal | Year: 2010
To investigate the population genetics of 17 short tandem repeat (STR) loci on the Y chromosome in the population of eastern Croatia. We carried out a statistical analysis of the data from previously performed genetic analysis collected during routine forensic work by the Forensic Science Centre "Ivan Vucetić". A total of 220 unrelated healthy men from eastern Croatia were selected for the purpose of this study. Genomic DNA was extracted by Chelex from FTA cards. Y-chromosomal STRs were determined using the AmpFISTR Yfiler PCR amplification kit. The haplotype frequencies were determined by direct counting and analyzed using Arlequin 3.1 and analysis of molecular variance calculated with the Y-chromosome haplotype reference database online analysis tool. A total of 207 haplotypes were recorded, 197 of which were unique (90%). Haplotype diversity was 0.9993, with the most frequent haplotype found in 4 of 220 men (1.8%). Average locus diversity was 0.600, and it ranged from 0.256 for DYS392 to 0.780 for DYS458. Our results were compared with the pattern of Y-chromosome variability in publicly available population samples based on a minimal European haplotype set of 9 STRs and the greatest resemblance was found with samples from the Croatian capital of Zagreb, from Bosnia and Herzegovina, and from Serbia. This is the first description of Y chromosome haplotyping of the population of eastern Croatia, which may serve as a basis for genetic epidemiology and forensic studies. Further studies are needed for characterization of the genetic structure of the Y-chromosome in the modern Croatian population.
Kerolli-Mustafa M.,University of Prishtina |
Bacic I.,Forensic Science Center Ivan Vucetic |
Curkovic L.,University of Zagreb
Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik | Year: 2013
The aim of this work was to identify and characterize three samples of jarosite process tailing waste in Mitrovica, Kosovo, using Raman and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The identification is made based on the assignment of bands in the Raman and FTIR spectra. Both Raman and FTIR spectra show the fundamental stretching and bending vibration mode of SO 4 2-, OH- and NH4 + groups. The results obtained by the means of Raman and infrared spectroscopy are compared with cited reference data in order to sum the analysis of vibrational spectra. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Jablan J.,University of Zagreb |
Bacic I.,Forensic Science Center Ivan Vucetic |
Kujundzic N.,University of Zagreb |
Jug M.,University of Zagreb
Journal of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry | Year: 2013
In this study, we compared the suitability of parent β-cyclodextrin (βCD) and its water soluble polymeric derivative (PβCD) as co-grinding additives aimed to enhance the solubility of zaleplon (ZAL), a hypnotic drug. Equimolar drug/carrier mixtures were co-ground in a high-energy micromill over different time intervals. Data obtained by differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray powder diffractometry and scanning electron microscopy showed a higher affinity of ZAL for the solid state interaction with PβCD, resulting in powders with lower relative drug crystallinity (RDC) compared to that obtained with natural βCD (RDC = 51.10 and 12.5 % for complexes with βCD and PβCD co-grounded for 90 min, respectively). On the other hand, grinding the drug alone did not result in a significant reduction of the drug crystallinity (RDC = 99.87 % for the sample ground for 90 min). Although 1H-NMR spectroscopy confirmed that both co-ground products were readily converted into inclusion complexes upon dissolution in water, they presented different dissolution properties. The dissolution velocity of co-ground complex with PβCD was 25 % faster compared to that prepared with the parent βCD and almost double compared to that of the drug alone, irrespective of the pH value of the dissolution media. This clearly demonstrated the suitability of co-ground ZAL/PβCD complex in the development of an immediate release oral formulation of ZAL. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Curkovic L.,University of Zagreb |
Ljubas D.,University of Zagreb |
Segota S.,Ruder Boskovic Institute |
Bacic I.,Forensic Science Center Ivan Vucetic
Journal of Alloys and Compounds | Year: 2014
Nanostructured sol-gel TiO2 films were prepared on a glass substrate by means of the dip-coating technique with titanium tetraisopropoxide as a precursor. TiO2 sols were synthesized with and without the addition of polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a structure-directing agent. The synthesized sol-gel TiO2 were characterized by XRD, AFM, FTIR and Micro-Raman spectroscopy. The photocatalytic activity of the films was evaluated by the photocatalytic degradation of Lissamine Green B (LGB) dye (dissolved in water) as a model pollutant with the predominant irradiation wavelength of 365 nm (UV-A). It was found that the addition of PEG to the initial sol affects the surface morphology and the photocatalytic properties of prepared sol-gel TiO2 films. AFM analysis confirmed the presence of nanostructured sol-gel titania films on the glass substrate. Roughness parameters (R a, Rq, and Zmax) of the sol-gel TiO2 film with the addition of PEG are higher than the parameters of the sol-gel TiO2 film without the addition of PEG. The TiO2 film prepared with the addition of PEG has a higher surface density (a larger active surface area) and better photocatalytic activity in the degradation of the LGB dye solution than the TiO2 film prepared without the addition of PEG. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Cukelj N.,University of Zagreb |
Jakasa I.,University of Zagreb |
Sarajlija H.,Forensic Science Center Ivan Vucetic |
Novotni D.,University of Zagreb |
Curic D.,University of Zagreb
Talanta | Year: 2011
Whole grain cereals are an important source of bioavailable lignans, the group of compounds with potential anti-cancerogenic, antioxidant, anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, and antiangiogenic properties. The aim of this work was to develop a sensitive method for determination of wheat bran lignans. The analysis of lignans secoisolariciresinol, hydroxymatairesinol, lariciresinol, matairesinol, pinoresinol, syringaresinol is based on derivatization with pentafluoropropionic anhydride (PFPA) and gas chromatography-electron capture detection (GC-ECD), using styrene glycol as internal standard. To our knowledge, this is the first time that EC detection has been used for lignan analysis. The results show that the technique is reproducible and sensitive enough for detecting lignans in wheat at parts-per-billion (ppb) levels, except for hydroxymatairesinol. The method developed showed good recovery (85-105%) and precision (4-20%) for five types of lignans and thus represents a simpler and more affordable alternative to state-of-the-art wheat lignan liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
PubMed | University of Split, Ruder Boskovic Institute, University of Zagreb and Forensic Science Center Ivan Vucetic
Type: | Journal: Legal medicine (Tokyo, Japan) | Year: 2016
Investigator Argus X-12 Kit is a commercially available set that allows simultaneous PCR amplification of 12 X-STR markers belonging to four linkage groups (LG). To assess the forensic efficiency of these markers for the population of central Croatia and consequent applicability in routine forensic casework, DNA from 200 blood samples of unrelated donors (100 female and 100 male) was amplified by Investigator Argus X-12 Kit and analyzed by capillary electrophoresis. Statistical computations based on allele and haplotype frequencies for LG1 - LG4 were performed using Arlequin 3.5 software and on-line tool available at ChrX-STR.org. In female samples, all X-STR markers were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE). The most informative marker for central Croatia population was DXS10135 with polymorphism information content (PIC) 0.9296. The least polymorphic locus was DXS8378 (PIC=0.6363). Power of discrimination (PD) varied from 0.6968 to 0.9336 in male and from 0.8476 to 0.9916 in female samples. Combined PD exceeded 0.999999999 in both men and women. In male samples, linkage disequilibrium (LD) test revealed significant association (P=0.0000) of one marker pair in LG4 and two marker pairs in LG3. Portion of observed haplotypes in the number of possible haplotypes varied from 2.86% to 7.47% across all LGs. LG1 was the most informative with haplotype diversity (H) 0.9972. High PD of all analyzed markers exhibited for central Croatia population confirms suitability of Investigator Argus X-12 for forensic pertinence. Moreover, results of this study will be included in establishing a national reference X-STR database based on 12 X-STR loci, which is necessary for the correct interpretation of the forensic casework results.
PubMed | University of Split, Forensic Science Center Ivan Vucetic, University of Zagreb and Ruder Boskovic Institute
Type: | Journal: Molecular biology reports | Year: 2017
The aim of the study was to assess forensic pertinence of 12 short tandem repeats (STRs) on X-chromosome in south Croatia population. Investigator