Egyptian Forensic Medicine Authority

Cairo, Egypt

Egyptian Forensic Medicine Authority

Cairo, Egypt

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PubMed | University of Sfax and Egyptian Forensic Medicine Authority
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Open access Macedonian journal of medical sciences | Year: 2016

Many immunohistochemical markers have been used in the postmortem detection of early myocardial infarction.In the present study we examined the role of Heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP), in the detection of early myocardial infarction.We obtained samples from 40 human autopsy hearts with/without histopathological signs of ischemia.All cases of definite and probable myocardial infarction showed a well-defined area of H-FABP depletion. All of the control cases showed strong H-FABP expression, except two markedly autolysed myocardial samples that showed affected antigenicity.Thus, we suggest H-FABP as being one of the valuable tools facing the problem of postmortem detection of early myocardial infarction/ischemia, but not in autolysis.


PubMed | Minia University and Egyptian Forensic Medicine Authority
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of forensic sciences | Year: 2016

Snake bites are common in many regions of the world. Snake envenomation is relatively uncommon in Egypt; such unfortunate events usually attract much publicity. Snake bite is almost only accidental, occurring in urban areas and desert. Few cases were reported to commit suicide by snake. Homicidal snake poisoning is so rare. It was known in ancient world by executing capital punishment by throwing the victim into a pit full of snakes. Another way was to ask the victim to put his hand inside a small basket harboring a deadly snake. Killing a victim by direct snake bite is so rare. There was one reported case where an old couple was killed by snake bite. Here is the first reported case of killing three children by snake bite. It appeared that the diagnosis of such cases is so difficult and depended mainly on the circumstantial evidences.


Passi N.,Punjabi University | Garg R.K.,Punjabi University | Yadav M.,Punjabi University | Singh R.S.,Punjabi University | Kharoshah M.A.,Egyptian Forensic Medicine Authority
Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2012

Blood is an important physical clue material encountered in the cases involving physical violence like murders, assaults, rapes, abortion etc. The examination of bloodstains is of immense value in reconstruction of the scene of crime and linking a criminal or the victim with the scene of crime. As criminals now often attempt to clean up the crime scene and it is not known through which conditions the bloodstain has undergone before analysis. A wide variety of chemicals are used to affect the nature of bloodstains which poses lot of problems in the analysis of bloodstains. However, the use of some chemicals may have adverse effects on subsequent examinations and Short Tandem Repeat (STR) DNA typing and also has been shown to pose potential health hazards. Keeping this aspect in view, bloodstains have been examined after exposure to luminol and bleaching agent (sodium hypochlorite) in order to assess their effect on the detect ability of serological markers as well as on quality and quantitative analysis on DNA typing. Our findings indicated that luminol had no destructive effect on species tests as well as on elution method for the detection of blood group antigens and does not have an adverse effect on subsequent DNA typing using PCR. While in case of bleaching agent, it is concluded that cleaning with bleaching agent gave DNA degradation and it has the most adverse effect on the ability to obtain complete DNA profiles and also on the ABO blood grouping but it has very little effect on species determination. Hence, positive identification in case of bleaching agent is less accurate and less reliable as compared to standard and luminol reagent. © 2012.


Shabaiek A.,Egyptian Forensic Medicine Authority | Ismael N.E.-H.,Kasr El Aini | Elsheikh S.,Kasr El Aini | Amin H.A.,Egyptian Forensic Medicine Authority
Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2016

BACKGROUND: Many immunohistochemical markers have been used in the postmortem detection of early myocardial infarction. AIM: In the present study we examined the role of Heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP), in the detection of early myocardial infarction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We obtained samples from 40 human autopsy hearts with/ without histopathological signs of ischemia. RESULTS: All cases of definite and probable myocardial infarction showed a well-defined area of H-FABP depletion. All of the control cases showed strong H-FABP expression, except two markedly autolysed myocardial samples that showed affected antigenicity. CONCLUSION: Thus, we suggest H-FABP as being one of the valuable tools facing the problem of postmortem detection of early myocardial infarction/ischemia, but not in autolysis. © 2016 Amany Shabaiek, Nour El-Hoda Ismael, Samar Elsheikh, Hebat Allah Amin.


Sharaf El-Din A.A.I.,Benha University | Elkholy S.M.S.,Benha University | Metwally E.S.,Benha University | Farag H.A.,Egyptian Forensic Medicine Authority
American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology | Year: 2015

Sexual assault is a serious social problem that affects women's life. In Egypt, there is no accurate epidemiological study on sexual assault, although it has undergone a dramatic surge in 2013. The goals of this study were to estimate the prevalence and the characteristics of sexual assault against female in Qalyubia Governorate, Egypt. It is a retrospective study evaluating sexual assault against females from 2009 to 2013. Total numbers of cases of female sexual assault was 130 over the studied years. The mean (SD) age of victims was 15.2 (6) years ranging from 4 to 40 years. Fifty-eight percent fall in the age group of 12 to 18 years. Most victims (61.5%) came from urban areas. Summer was relatively a vulnerable season for sexual assault (53.1%); 81.5% of victims was unmarried and 94.6% with normal mentality. The highest percentage of sexual assault crime was found in females with primary education (44.6%). Twenty-two (16.9%) of the assaulted cases were considered intrafamilial assault, whereas 83.1% were extrafamilial. The most common location for assaults was at the assailant's home (50.8%), and 80% of the victims were exposed to assault by 1 assailant. The shortest time between alleged assault and the examination was 1 day in 12 cases (9.2%). The most frequent type of assault was complete vaginal penetration (48.55%). The most common type of physical injury was abrasions (48.1%), whereas the least was burn or broken teeth (1.3% for each). The highest percentage of genital injury was lacerations (36.4%), and the most common location was the hymen (36.4%). © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.


Hagras A.M.,Suez Canal University | Kharoshah M.A.A.,Egyptian Forensic Medicine Authority | Kharoshah M.A.A.,Forensic Medicine Center in Dammam
Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2012

A retrospective study from 2005 to 2010 was carried out to evaluate firearm injuries and associated factors among their victims included cases referred to the Forensic Medicine Department, Ministry of Justice in Suez Canal Area. The total number of cases was 268. The total incidence in the Suez Canal Area was 10/100,000. Most of the victims were middle-aged males (259 cases; 96.6%) The male to female ratio was 28.8:1 One hundred and forty-four instances (53.7%) of firearm injuries occurred in the summer, with most of them happening at night (88 cases; 32.8%) Fatal injuries constituted 236 cases (88.1%), and most were homicides (176 cases; 65.7%) Thirty-six cases (13.4%) were accidents and 24 cases (9.0%) were suicides. The most common site of entry was the chest (67 cases; 25.0%), the head (53 cases; 19.8%) Automatic (machine) guns were responsible for 72 cases (26.9%) Locally made shotguns were responsible for 61 cases (22.8%) of firearm injuries; homemade guns represented 47 cases (17.5%) Air pistols were responsible for 20 cases (7.5%) These results support the argument that rigorous pursuit of campaign firearms without a license and arresting them is useful in reducing the number of firearm deaths in society and guns and air pistols should be banned. © 2012 Forensic Medicine Authority.

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