Food Security Research Center

Food, Iran

Food Security Research Center

Food, Iran
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Rahimi-Madiseh M.,Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences | Karimian P.,Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences | Kafeshani M.,Food Security Research Center | Rafieian-Kopaei M.,Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences | Year: 2017

Objective(s): Various studies have shown that the diabetes is associated with liver failure. The objective of this study was determining the effects of Berberis vulgaris fruit on histopathological and biochemical markers of liver in diabetic rats. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 60 male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g with free access to water and ad libitum were randomly divided to five twelve-membered groups including healthy control (group 1), diabetic control (group 2, this two groups received distilled water), treated diabetic positive control (group 3) using dose 150 mg/kg/day metformin, and two groups treated with doses 200 (group 4) and 600 (group 5) mg/kg/BW of B. vulgaris extracts via gavage feeding for 8 weeks. Diabetes mellitus was experimentally induced by one dose injection of alloxan 120 mg/kg. This pre-clinical study was performed on 120 mg/kg alloxan induced diabetic rats. Results: The hepatic steatosis status, liver cholestasis and fibrosis were not changed in group 4 and 5. Glycogen deposition changed mildly and polymorphonuclear neutrophils infiltration changed moderately at group 5. Liver hepatitis changed mildly and severely at group 3 as well as group 5, respectively. Glucose, serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, and alkaline phosphatase were lower in high dose group compared to other groups. Conclusion: Results suggested that B. vulgaris extract can decrease liver damage by influencing hepatic histopathological and biochemical markers in diabetic rats. © 2017, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

Askari G.,Food Security Research Center | Ghiasvand R.,Food Security Research Center | Paknahad Z.,Food Security Research Center | Sharifirad G.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences | Hajishafiei M.,Food Security Research Center
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences | Year: 2012

Background: quercetin is a bioflavonoid occurs in many food items. Some previous studies on quercetin showed the inconsistent results on exercise performance and muscle damage in athletes. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of 8 weeks of quercetin supplementation on exercise performance and muscle damage indices in student athletes. Methods: this placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial was conducted on 60 male students for 8 weeks. The subjects were randomly assigned to one of the four groups: a) quercetin (500 mg/day quercetin + 200 mg/day placebo), b) quercetin+ vitamin C (500 mg/day quercetin + 200 mg/day vitamin C), vitamin C (500 mg/day placebo + 200 mg/day vitamin C), and placebo (500 mg/day placebo + 200 mg/day placebo). Time to exhaustion (TTE) for measuring performance, aspartate transaminase (AST), and creatine kinase (CK) for measuring muscle damage and body fat percent (BFP) were measured before and after intervention. Results: CK levels reduced in group 1 significantly (P=0.045) and BFP reduced in group 1, 3, and 4, significantly, too (P=0.018, P=0.013, and P=0.043, respectively). Whereas statistically significant changes between groups were not observed for TTE, AST, CK, and BFP after 8 weeks of intervention. Conclusions: supplementation with quercetin and vitamin C for 8 weeks did not improve exercise performance but reduced muscle damage and body fat percent in healthy subjects.

Safavi M.,Food Security Research Center | Farajian S.,Food Security Research Center | Kelishadi R.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences | Mirlohi M.,Food Security Research Center | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition | Year: 2013

Recent studies have suggested some beneficial effects of probiotics on controlling excess weight in adults; such experience is limited in the pediatric age group. This study aimed to assess the anti-obesity and lipid-lowering effects of a synbiotic supplement among children and adolescents. We conducted a randomized triple-masked controlled trial among 70 participants aged 6-18 years with body mass index (BMI) equal or higher than 85th percentile. They were randomly assigned to two groups of equal number to receive synbiotic or placebo for 8 weeks. At the end of the trial, decrease in BMI Z-score, waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio were significantly higher in the synbiotic group than in the placebo group. Likewise, synbiotic group had significant decrease in serum triglycerides, total- and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels. The beneficial effects of a synbiotic supplement on controlling excess weight and some cardio-metabolic risk factors among children and adolescents can be considered in clinical practice. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd.

Sadeghi O.,Food Security Research Center | Maghsoudi Z.,Food Security Research Center | Khorvash F.,Neurology Research Center | Feizi A.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences | Year: 2014

Background: Evidences have shown that migraine with aura (MA) is associated with elevated homocysteine levels but, few studies have evaluated the relationship between homocysteine levels and characteristics of migraine attacks such as severity, frequency, duration and headache diary result (HDR). Thus, in this study, we investigated the association between homocysteine levels and characteristics of migraine attacks in patients with MA. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Isfahan city, Iran, in February 2013. Fasting serum levels of homocysteine were measured in 130 MA patients (31 males and 99 females) aged 15-60 years. Severity, frequency and duration of migraine attacks, as well as HDR, were determined in each patient according to international headache society criteria by a neurologist. Linear and ordinal logistic regression tests were used to evaluate the relationship between serum homocysteine levels and characteristics of migraine attacks. Results: There is no significant association between serum levels of homocysteine with severity, frequency, duration and HDR. This association was not significant after adjustment of confounding variables such as age, body mass index (BMI) and family history of migraine. However, serum homocysteine levels were significantly associated with HDR among males after adjustment for age, BMI and family history of migraine (P = 0.01). Conclusion: Significant relationship between homocysteine levels and characteristics of migraine attacks such as severity, frequency, duration and HDR were not found. However, after adjustment of confounding variables, we found a significant positive relationship between homocysteine levels and HDR among men. © 2014, Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. All right reserved.

PubMed | Isfahan University of Medical Sciences and Food Security Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of digestive diseases | Year: 2016

To assess the association between spicy food consumption and chronic uninvestigated dyspepsia (CUD) in a large sample of Iranian adults.In this cross-sectional study we assessed the consumption of spicy foods in 4763 Iranian adults living in Isfahan Province using a dietary habit questionnaire. A modified validated version of the Rome III questionnaire was used to assess CUD-related symptoms. CUD was defined as having one or more of the following characteristics: distressing postprandial fullness, early satiation and/or epigastric pain or epigastric burning at least often during the past three months. Information on meal regularity, meal frequency, intra-meal intake of fluid as well as other potential confounders was also collected.CUD was prevalent in 15% of the participants. The frequent consumption of spicy foods ( 10 times/week) was associated with greater odds of having CUD [odds ratio (OR) 1.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.09-2.49, P < 0.05). This relationship was significant even after adjusted for diet-related practices (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.01-2.79, P < 0.05). There was a significantly positive association between spicy food consumption and postprandial fullness (OR 1.76, 95% CI 1.29-2.40, P < 0.05) and epigastric pain (OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.30-2.44, P < 0.05). However, no significant relationship was observed between the frequent consumption of spicy foods and early satiation.High consumption of spicy foods is associated with greater odds of CUD, frequent postprandial fullness and epigastric pain. Further studies, particularly of a prospective nature, are needed to confirm our findings.

PubMed | Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Integrative Functional Gastroenterology Research Center and, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, University of Alberta and 2 more.
Type: Clinical Study | Journal: The American journal of clinical nutrition | Year: 2016

Potential associations between dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) with psychological disorders remain uncertain.We investigated the relations of dietary GI and GL with psychological distress, anxiety, and depression.A total of 3363 nonacademic members of the staff of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences were included in this cross-sectional study. GI and GL were assessed by using a validated, self-administered, dish-based, semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Validated Iranian versions of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and General Health Questionnaire-12 were used to assess anxiety, depression, and psychological distress.After control for potential confounders, individuals in the top tertile of GI had greater odds of depression (OR: 1.44; 95% CI: 1.03, 2.02; P-trend = 0.03) and a trend for greater odds of anxiety (OR: 1.52; 95% CI: 0.97, 2.38; P trend = 0.06) compared with those in the first tertile. Higher GL values were linked to lower odds for mental disorders (OR: 0.66; 95% CI: 0.49, 0.90; P-trend = 0.009), depression (OR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.51, 0.93; P-trend = 0.02), and psychological distress (OR: 0.67; 95% CI: 0.48, 0.92; P-trend = 0.01). Significant interactions were observed between GI and sex for depression (P = 0.01) and psychological distress (P = 0.046) in the crude model. In stratified analyses by sex, after control for potential confounders, a greater GI was linked to a higher odds of depression (OR: 1.52; 95% CI: 1.20, 1.94; P-trend = 0.001) and psychological distress (OR: 1.66; 95% CI: 1.28, 2.14; P-trend = 0.001) in women but not in men.Our findings support a direct link between the odds of depression and dietary GI but inverse associations between GL and mental disorders, depression, and psychological distress. This trial was registered at as NCT02362113.

PubMed | Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Food Security Research Center and Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non Communicable Disease
Type: | Journal: Journal of research in medical sciences : the official journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences | Year: 2016

Different populations have shown various patterns of association between impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and body composition parameters and risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The current study aimed at investigating the differences between persons with prediabetes and healthy people in terms of CVD risk factors including body composition parameters, blood pressure, and lipid profile in a sample of the Iranian population.In a case-control setting, a sample containing 386 (193 prediabetic subjects and 193 normal subjects) of the first-degree relatives of diabetic patients aged 35-55 years were investigated. Samples were assessed using glucose tolerance categories. Prediabetes was defined according to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria. Body composition parameters, blood pressure, glucose parameters, and lipid profile were measured and compared between the two groups.Prediabetic patients had higher body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and body fat (BF) in comparison to the control group (Both the risk factors of CVD and body composition parameters were different between the prediabetic and normal groups; total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and FBS were predictors of the risk of prediabetes.

PubMed | Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Food Security Research Center and Shahrekord University
Type: | Journal: Advanced biomedical research | Year: 2016

Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are recognized as a worldwide problem with serious consequences. Fortification of foods with Vitamin D is a certain approach to improve serum Vitamin D status if the stability of vitamin in the foodstuffs was controlled. The purpose of this study was to examine the stability of Vitamin D3 added to low-fat yogurt and yogurt drink Doogh during the products shelf-life.Two kinds of Vitamin D3, water- and oil-dispersible forms, suitable for food fortification, were compared to find out whether they show different stability in the products. The products were packed in opaque or translucent containers. The content of Vitamin D3 was determined by high performance liquid chromatography method.Vitamin D was not affected by the heat treatment (pasteurization) and other processes (homogenization and fermentation). Both water- and oil-dispersible forms were stable during the shelf-life of yogurt samples packed in opaque containers. The Vitamin D3 content of yogurt fortified with water-dispersible form and packed in translucent containers was not stable during the shelf-life and significantly reduced after 1, 2, and 3 weeks of storage compared to the day 0. The Vitamin D3 content of samples fortified with the oil-dispersible form packed in the same container was only stable after 1-week and significantly reduced after 2 and 3 weeks of storage. The Vitamin D3 content of Doogh packed in the opaque containers remained stable during the shelf-life while it was not stable in the samples packed in translucent containers.The results suggested that both forms of Vitamin D are suitable for fortification, and opaque container is a better choice for packaging of the product.

PubMed | Food Security Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of preventive medicine | Year: 2013

Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and certainly the major cause of disability in the world. Diet and nutrient has an effective role in prevention and control of the risk of stroke. The aim of this study was to review the studies on the relationship between dietary intake and stroke incidence.In this study, the terms of Fat, cholesterol, antioxidant, vitamins, salt, potassium, calcium, carbohydrate, vegetables, fruits, meat, tea, whole grains, sugar-sweetened beverages, Mediterranean diet, dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet (DASH diet), Western diet, and stroke were searched in Pubmed search engine. The observational studies, cohort studies, clinical trial studies, systemic review, and meta-analysis reviews are also included in this study.The study revealed that adherence to theimprovements in nutrition and diet canreducethe incidence ofstroke. Higher antioxidant, vitamins, potassium, calcium, vegetables, fruits, whole grain intake, and adherence to the Mediterranean dietor DASH diet can lower stroke incidence.Adherence to Mediterranean diet or DASH diet and increasing the consumption of antioxidant, vitamins, potassium, calcium food sources, vegetables, fruits, and whole grains intake can lower the risk of stroke. Healthy diet is effective in reducing risk of stroke, however, more studies need to be carried out in this area.

PubMed | Food Security Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of preventive medicine | Year: 2013

Stroke is a leading cause of death. Current therapeutic strategies have been unsuccessful. Several studies have reported benefits on reducing stroke risk and improving the poststroke associated functional declines in patients who ate foods rich in fruits and vegetables. Their potential protective effects may be due to their antioxidants, calcium, potassium, riboflavine, peridoxin, riboflavin contents. Folic acid, peridoxin, and riboflavin are all cofactors in hyperhomocysteinemia as a stroke risk factor.Studies suggest that oxidative stress plays important roles in pathogenesis of ischemic cerebral injury and higher intake of antioxidants has been associated with a lower stroke risk. The aim of this study was to examine if the dietary intake of vegetables and fruits in patients with stroke were comparatively worse than those in patients without stroke.In this case control study, 93 stroke patients admitted to Alzahra hospital were matched for age and sex with 60 patients who were not affected with acute cerebrovascular diseases and did not have a history of stroke. Dietary intake was assessed with a validated food frequency questionnaire.Food intakes were compared between two groups and with recommended value.Mean daily intake of vegetable and fruits was more in male with stroke than male without stroke as well as calorie intake from vegetables and fruit was higher in male with stroke.Mean daily intake of vegetable and fruits were lower in women with stroke than women without stroke as well as calorie intake from vegetables and fruit was lower in women with stroke.Our findings suggest that increased vegetable and fruits intake may be associated with decreased risk of stroke.

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