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Miller M.,Vivione Biosciences | Ramsaroop S.,Vivione Biosciences | Lopez C.,Food Safety Net Services | Brahmanda B.,Food Safety Net Services
Journal of AOAC International | Year: 2015

RAPID-B® is a high performance, integrated microbiology/infectious disease diagnostic system. The system uses hardware and software that are specifically designed for optimal detection using custom, immuno-based reagents designed to react to cell surface antigens of the target bacteria. The Vivione Bioscience RAPID-B Escherichia coli O157 and non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) kits were validated alongside the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook (MLG) 5.07 (for E. coli O157) and FSIS MLG 5B.04 (for non-O157 STEC) reference methods for the detection of E. coli O157 and STEC. The matrixes, ground beef and beef trim, were inoculated with appropriate CFU/test portion of E. coli O157 and STEC so as to generate fractional positives results, 5 to 15 positives out of 20 inoculated samples. Samples were enriched in prewarmed Brain Heart Infusion broth at 42 ± 1 °C for 6.5-7.5 h or 8.5-9.5 h depending on the sample size. All samples were confirmed using the MLG reference method, regardless of initial screen result. The RAPID-B test methods were statistically equivalent to the reference method for the detection of E. coli O157 and STEC in all tested samples. Inclusivity and exclusivity testing of the RAPID-B methods showed 100% specificity for both kits. Finally, the RAPID-B test methods were shown to be robust when variations were applied to enrichment time, broth temperature, and vortexing time.


Bird P.,Q Laboratories Inc. | Flannery J.,Q Laboratories Inc. | Crowley E.,Q Laboratories Inc. | Agin J.,Q Laboratories Inc. | And 32 more authors.
Journal of AOAC International | Year: 2015

The 3M™ Molecular Detection Assay (MDA) Listeria monocytogenes combines isothermal amplification and bioluminescence to detect Listeria monocytogenes with high specificity and efficiency in select foods and environmental samples. The 3M MDA Listeria monocytogenes method was evaluated using an unpaired study design in a multilaboratory collaborative study to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook 8.09 (2011) Isolation and Identification of Listeria monocytogenes from Red Meat, Poultry, and Egg Products and Environmental Samples for deli Turkey, and the AOAC Official Method of AnalysisSM 993.12 Listeria monocytogenes in Milk and Dairy Products for full-fat (4% milk fat) cottage cheese following the current AOAC guidelines. A total of 16 laboratories located in the continental United States and Canada participated in this collaborative study. For deli Turkey, 125 g test portions were evaluated using heat-stressed cells by each method. For full-fat cottage cheese, 25 g test portions were evaluated using nonheatstressed cells. Each matrix had three inoculation levels: an uninoculated control level (0 CFU/test portion), and two levels artificially contaminated with L. monocytogenes, a low inoculum level (0.2-2 CFU/test portion) and a high inoculum level (2-5 CFU/test portion). In total, 1584 unpaired replicate samples were analyzed. Statistical analysis was conducted according to the probability of detection (POD) model. Results obtained for the low inoculum level full-fat cottage cheese test portions produced a difference in cross-laboratory POD (dLPOD) value of -0.08 with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of (-0.20, 0.05). For the low-level deli Turkey test portions, a dLPOD value of -0.02 with a 95% CI of (-0.14, 0.11) was obtained.


Bird P.,Q Laboratories Inc. | Flannery J.,Q Laboratories Inc. | Crowley E.,Q Laboratories Inc. | Agin J.,Q Laboratories Inc. | And 29 more authors.
Journal of AOAC International | Year: 2015

The 3M™ Molecular Detection Assay (MDA) Listeria is used with the 3M Molecular Detection System for the detection of Listeria species in food, foodrelated, and environmental samples after enrichment. The assay utilizes loop-mediated isothermal amplification to rapidly amplify Listeria target DNA with high specificity and sensitivity, combined with bioluminescence to detect the amplification. The 3M MDA Listeria method was evaluated using an unpaired study design in a multilaboratory collaborative study and compared to the AOAC Official Method of AnalysisSM (OMA) 993.12 Listeria monocytogenes in Milk and Dairy Products reference method for the detection of Listeria species in full-fat (4% milk fat) cottage cheese (25 g test portions). A total of 15 laboratories located in the continental United States and Canada participated. Each matrix had three inoculation levels: an uninoculated control level (0 CFU/test portion), and two levels artificially contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes, a low inoculum level (0.2-2 CFU/test portion) and a high inoculum level (2-5 CFU/test portion) using nonheatstressed cells. In total, 792 unpaired replicate portions were analyzed. Statistical analysis was conducted according to the probability of detection (POD) model. Results obtained for the low inoculum level test portions produced a difference in crosslaboratory POD value of -0.07 with a 95% confidence interval of (-0.19, 0.06). No statistically significant differences were observed in the number of positive samples detected by the 3M MDA Listeria method versus the AOAC OMA method.


Bird P.,Q Laboratories Inc. | Fisher K.,Q Laboratories Inc. | Boyle M.,Q Laboratories Inc. | Huffman T.,Q Laboratories Inc. | And 37 more authors.
Journal of AOAC International | Year: 2014

The 3M™ Molecular Detection Assay (MDA) Salmonella utilizes isothermal amplification of nucleic acid sequences with high specificity, efficiency, rapidity and bioluminescence to detect amplification of Salmonella spp. in food, foodrelated, and environmental samples after enrichment. A method modification and matrix extension study of the previously approved AOAC Official MethodSM 2013.09 was conducted, and approval of the modification was received on March 20, 2014. Using an unpaired study design in a multilaboratory collaborative study, the 3M MDA Salmonella method was compared to the U.S. Department of Agriculture/ Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA/FSIS) Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook (MLG) 4.05 (2011), Isolation and Identification of Salmonella from Meat, Poultry, Pasteurized Egg, and Catfish Products for raw ground beef and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)/Bacteriological Analytical Manual (BAM) Chapter 5, Salmonella reference method for wet dog food following the current AOAC guidelines. A total of 20 laboratories participated. For the 3M MDA Salmonella method, raw ground beef was analyzed using 25 g test portions, and wet dog food was analyzed using 375 g test portions. For the reference methods, 25 g test portions of each matrix were analyzed. Each matrix was artificially contaminated with Salmonella at three inoculation levels: an uninoculated control level (0 CFU/test portion), a low inoculum level (0.2-2 CFU/test portion), and a high inoculum level (2-5 CFU/test portion). In this study, 1512 unpaired replicate samples were analyzed. Statistical analysis was conducted according to the probability of detection (POD). For the low-level raw ground beef test portions, the following dLPOD (difference between the LPODs of the reference and candidate method) values with 95% confidence intervals were obtained: -0.01 (-0.14, +0.12). For the low-level wet dog food test portions, the following dLPOD with 95% confidence intervals were obtained: -0.04 (-0.16, +0.09). No significant differences were observed in the number of positive samples detected by the 3M MDA Salmonella method versus either the USDA/FSIS-MLG or FDA/BAM methods.

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