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Watanabe M.,Watanabe Oyster Laboratory Company Ltd | Fuda H.,Hokkaido University | Okabe H.,Hokkaido University | Joko S.,Hokkaido University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Functional Foods

The phenolic compound 3,5-dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzyl alcohol (DHMBA) is a natural antioxidant recently isolated from the Pacific oyster. DHMBA, up to a concentration of 500 μM, has demonstrated a strong in vitro hepatocyte-protective effect from oxidative stress without any cytotoxicity. This study investigated the in vivo potential of DHMBA-rich oyster extracts (DOE) for prevention or attenuation of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH-model mice, developed by supplementation of a high-fat diet for 23 weeks and intravenous injections of oxidised low-density lipoproteins, exhibited obesity, insulin resistance, hepatic steatosis, inflammation, fibrosis, and apoptosis. These changes were significantly moderated by supplementation of DOE. The search for an underlying mechanism determined that DOE significantly improved the redox status of DNA, proteins, and lipids. Moreover, DOE suppressed the increase of hepatic expression of PPARγ and CD36 (fatty acid transporter) in the NASH-model mice. DOE might serve as a functional food for people at elevated risk for NASH. © 2015 The Authors. Source

Lee C.-H.,Konkuk University | Hwang K.-E.,Konkuk University | Kim H.-W.,Purdue University | Song D.-H.,Konkuk University | And 6 more authors.
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources

The brown soybean extract (BE, extracted by distilled water, 50%, 75%, and 95% ethanol) were analyzed for their total phenol, flavonoid, anthocyanin content, and DPPH radical-scavenging activity to determine antioxidant activities. Brown soybean extract with 75% ethanol showed significantly higher DPPH radical scavenging activity, total phenol and anthocyanin content compared to the other treatments (p<0.05). Then, brown soybean extract with 75% ethanol was applied to pork patties at different concentration (0.05%, 0.1%, and 0.2%) and lipid oxidation was evaluated during 15 d of refrigerated storage. Addition of BE significantly increased redness and pH values, respectively (p<0.05). Moreover, TBARS value of pork patties decreased significantly (p<0.05) as BE concentration increased. In sensory evaluation, pork patties with 0.1% BE had significantly higher score than other treatments in flavor and overall acceptability (p<0.05). Consequently, these results indicate that 0.1% BE could be an effective natural antioxidant to inhibit lipid oxidation in pork patties. © 2016 Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources. Source

Kim C.-J.,Purdue University | Kim H.-W.,Food Processing Research Center | Hwang K.-E.,Purdue University | Song D.-H.,Purdue University | And 4 more authors.
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources

In this study, we investigated the effects of reducing fat levels from 30% to 25, 20, and 15% by substituting pork fat with water and pumpkin fiber (2%) on the quality of frankfurters compared with control. Decreasing the fat concentration from 30% to 15% significantly increased moisture content, redness of meat batter and frankfurter, cooking loss, and water exudation, and decreased fat content, energy value, pH, and lightness of meat batter and frankfurter, hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess, chewiness, and apparent viscosity. The addition of 2% pumpkin fiber was significantly increased moisture content, yellowness of meat batter and frankfurter, hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess, chewiness, and apparent viscosity, whereas reduced cooking loss and emulsion stability. The treatment of reduced-fat frankfurters formulated with 20 and 25% fat levels and with pumpkin fiber had sensory properties similar to the high-fat control frankfurters. The results demonstrate that when the reduced-fat frankfurter with 2% added pumpkin fiber and water replaces fat levels can be readily made with high quality and acceptable sensory properties. © 2016 Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources. Source

Kim H.-W.,Purdue University | Setyabrata D.,Purdue University | Choi Y.-S.,Food Processing Research Center | Kim Y.H.B.,Purdue University
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a short- Term/extreme temperature abuse (STA) on color characteristics and oxidative stability of aged beef muscles during simulated retail display. Two beef muscles (longissimus lumborum, LL and semitendinosus, ST) were aged for 7 (A7), 14 (A14), 21 (A21), and 28 d (A28), and further displayed at 2°C for 7 d. The STA was induced by placing steak samples at 20°C for 1 h on the 4th d of display. Instrumental and visual color evaluations, ferric ion reducing capacity (FRC) and 2- Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) assay were performed. Initially, redness, yellowness and hue angle of all beef muscles were similar, regardless of aging time before display (p>0.05). An increase in postmortem aging time increased lipid oxidation and caused a rapid discoloration after STA during display (p<0.05). ST muscle was more sharply discolored and oxidized after STA, when compared to LL muscle (p<0.05). The FRC value of beef muscles was decreased after 7 d of display (p<0.05). The results from the current study indicate adverse impacts of postmortem aging on color and oxidative stabilities of beef muscles, particularly under temperature abusing conditions during retail display. Thus, developing a specific post-harvest strategy to control quality attributes in retail levels for different muscle types and aging conditions would be required. © 2016 Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources. Source

Nishimura M.,Hokkaido Information University | Ohkawara T.,Hokkaido Information University | Ohkawara T.,Hokkaido University | Tetsuka K.,Hokkaido Milk Product Co. | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

Lactobacillus plantarum HOKKAIDO (HOKKAIDO strain) was isolated from well-pickled vegetables in Hokkaido, Japan. We report a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating the effects of L. plantarum HOKKAIDO on immune function and stress markers in 171 adult subjects. Subjects were divided into three groups: the L. plantarum HOKKAIDO yogurt group, the placebo-1 group who ingested yogurt without the HOKKAIDO strain, and the placebo-2 group who ingested a yogurt-like dessert without the HOKKAIDO strain. Hematological tests and body composition measurements were performed before and after 4 and 8 weeks of blinded ingestion. Although no significant differences in natural killer cell activity were observed, it was found that neutrophil ratio significantly decreased and lymphocytes tended to increase in the HOKKAIDO strain yogurt group compared with the yogurt-like dessert group. In addition, the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, a stress marker, tended to improve in the HOKKAIDO strain yogurt group compared with the yogurt-like dessert group. These results suggest that the ingestion of HOKKAIDO strain yogurt tends to improve immune activity and decrease stress markers. © 2016 Center for Food and Biomolecules, National Taiwan University Source

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