Zagreb, Croatia
Zagreb, Croatia

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Marusic N.,University of Zagreb | Petrovi M.,Food Control Center | Vidacek S.,University of Zagreb | Petrak T.,University of Zagreb | Medic H.,University of Zagreb
Meat Science | Year: 2011

The aroma-active compounds of Istrian dry-cured ham were investigated by using headspace-solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Samples of biceps femoris were also evaluated by measuring physical and chemical characteristics: moisture, protein, fat, ash and NaCl content, aw value; colour: L*, a*, b* and oxidation of fat: TBARS test. About 50 volatile compounds were identified and quantified which belonged to several classes of chemical: 5 alcohols, 8 aldehydes, 7 alkanes, 1 ketone, 2 esters, 9 monoterpenes and 15 sesquiterpenes. Except volatile compounds derived from lipolysis and proteolysis the most abundant constituents were terpenes (62.97; 41.43%) that originate from spices added in the salting phase of the production process. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Simunek M.,Vindija d.d. Medimurska 6 | Jambrak A.R.,University of Zagreb | Petrovic M.,Food Control Center | Juretic H.,University of Zagreb | And 4 more authors.
Food Technology and Biotechnology | Year: 2013

Ultrasonication is a nonthermal food processing method that is used in several applications (extraction, treatment before drying, freezing, inactivation of microorganisms, etc.) in ultrasound processing. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of high power ultrasound and pasteurisation on the aroma profile and sensory properties of apple juice and nectar. Samples were treated according to the experimental design, with high power sonicator at ultrasound frequency of 20 kHz under various conditions (treatment time: 3, 6 and 9 min, sample temperature: 20, 40 and 60 °C, and amplitude: 60, 90 and 120 mm). The aromatic profiles of juices showed that, compared to the untreated samples of juices and nectars, ultrasonic treatment led to the formation of new compounds (which were not present in the untreated samples) or to the disappearance of compounds that were found in the untreated samples. Samples treated at the highest amplitude (120 mm) were used for evaluation and comparison with untreated and pasteurised samples using electronic tongue study. Principal component analysis confirmed the results of electronic tongue study, which showed that the ultrasound-treated and pasteurised juices had different scores compared to the untreated samples.

Petrovic M.,Food Control Center | Kezic N.,Food Control Center | Bolanca V.,Food Control Center
Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

The fatty acids profile of food samples was determined by gas chromatography (GC). The fat was extracted from different food samples using Soxhlet technique. Extracted triglycerides were converted to corresponding methyl esters using methanolic solution of potassium hydroxide (trans-esterification). GC method for the analysis of obtained methyl esters was optimized on two different cyanopropyl capillary columns. Good resolution of all fatty acids commonly found in foodstuffs was achieved. After optimization, the method was validated and the results for linearity, precision, limit of quantitation (LOQ), limit of detection (LOD), robustness and stability were presented. The method has been applied to the quantitative determination of the fatty acid content in different food samples: edible oil, dairy products rich with omega-3 fatty acids, different food supplements, baby food, etc. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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