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Alexandria, VA, United States

Grindal T.,Abt Associates Inc. | Wilde P.,Tufts University | Schwartz G.,Abt Associates Inc. | Klerman J.,Abt Associates Inc. | And 2 more authors.
Food Policy | Year: 2016

Objectives This study investigates whether the response of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants to a 30% incentive on fruit and vegetable spending varies with their access to food retailers. Methods The analysis exploits the random assignment of SNAP households in Hampden County, MA, to an intervention group that earned the incentive. Regression models for the impact of the incentive are augmented with measures of food retail access and interactions of random assignment status with food retail access. The main outcome—use of the SNAP benefit—is based on Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) card transaction records. Results Although households that lived within a mile of a participating supermarket spent approximately $2.13 or 19% more per month on targeted fruits and vegetables at participating supermarkets than households that did not live within a mile of a participating supermarket, we found no evidence that the impact of the incentive on SNAP fruit and vegetable spending varies with distance to retailers. Conclusions These findings imply that incentives to purchase fruits and vegetables were equally efficacious for SNAP households with high and low access to food retailers. © 2016

White A.H.,Food and Nutrition Service | Wilson J.F.,Food and Nutrition Service | Burns A.,Porter Novelli | Blum-Kemelor D.,Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior | Year: 2011

Objective: To develop and test nutrition messages and supporting content with low-income mothers for use with theory-based interventions addressing fruit and vegetable consumption and child-feeding practices. Design: Six formative and 6 evaluative focus groups explored message concepts and tested messages, respectively. Setting: Research facilities in Maryland, Texas, California, Florida, North Carolina, New York, Alabama, and Illinois. Participants: Ninety-five low-income mothers of 2- to 5-year-old children; over half from households participating in a federal nutrition assistance program. Phenomenon of Interest: Preference for and comprehension of nutrition messages. Analysis: Qualitative data analysis procedures to generate common themes from transcripts and observers' notes. Results: Messages on role modeling, cooking and eating together, having patience when introducing new food items, and allowing children to serve themselves were well received. Mothers preferred messages that emphasized their role as a teacher and noted benefits such as their children becoming more independent and learning new skills. Mothers commonly doubted children's ability to accurately report when they are " full" and disliked messages encouraging mothers to allow children to " decide" whether and how much to eat. Conclusions and Implications: This study generated 7 audience-tested messages for incorporation into nutrition education interventions targeting low-income mothers of preschool-age children. © 2011.

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