The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations

Rome, Italy

The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations

Rome, Italy
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Reinbott A.,Justus Liebig University | Kuchenbecker J.,Justus Liebig University | Herrmann J.,Justus Liebig University | Jordan I.,Justus Liebig University | And 3 more authors.
Paediatrics and International Child Health | Year: 2015

Background: Adequate young child feeding practices are influenced by a multitude of factors which affect growth and development. A combination of indicators is needed to explain the role of complementary feeding practices in growth retardation. Methods: A cross-sectional nutrition baseline survey was conducted in rural Cambodia in September 2012. Villages in pre-selected communes were randomly selected using stunting as a primary indicator. Data were collected from 803 randomly selected households with children aged 6-23 months, based on a standardised questionnaire and on length/height and weight measurements of mother and child. WHO Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) indicators [minimum dietary diversity (MDD), minimum meal frequency (MMF), minimum acceptable diet (MAD)] and a child feeding index (CFI) were created. The latter consisted of five components: breastfeeding, use of bottle, dietary diversity, food frequency and meal frequency which were adjusted for three age groups: 6-8, 9-11 and 12-23 months. The highest possible score was 10. Associations between length-for-age Z-scores (LAZ) and WHO indicators or CFI were explored. Results: Mean (SD) LAZ was 21.25 (1.14) (n = 801). Mean (range) CFI was 6.7 (1-10) (n = 797). Mean CFI was highest in the 9-11-months age group (7.93) and lowest for those aged 12-23 months (5.96). None of the WHO IYCF indicators was associated with LAZ, whereas CFI showed significant association with LAZ (P<0.01). The association between higher CFI scores and LAZ became weaker as age increased. Conclusion: The results highlight the need to include a wide range of information in the analysis in order to understand the association between appropriate infant feeding practices and child growth. © W. S. Maney & Son Ltd 2015.

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