Fontys University of Applied Sciences
Venlo, Netherlands

Fontys University of Applied science is the largest Dutch university of applied science with several campuses located in the southern Netherlands. It offers 200 bachelor and master programs in the fields of technology, economics, social work, health care and teacher training. A selection of these programs is offered in English. Wikipedia.

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Van Heesch U.,Fontys University of Applied Sciences | Avgeriou P.,University of Groningen
Proceedings of the 2012 Joint Working Conference on Software Architecture and 6th European Conference on Software Architecture, WICSA/ECSA 2012 | Year: 2012

In this paper, the notion of forces as influences upon architecture decisions is introduced. To facilitate the documentation of forces as a part of architecture descriptions, we specify a decision forces viewpoint, which extends our existing framework for architecture decisions, following the conventions of the international architecture description standard ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010. The applicability of the viewpoint was validated in three case studies, in which senior software engineering students used it to document decisions in software projects, two of which conducted for industrial customers. The results show that the forces viewpoint is a well-received documentation approach, satisfying stakeholder concerns related to traceability between decision forces and architecture decisions. © 2012 IEEE.

Van Heesch U.,Fontys University of Applied Sciences | Avgeriou P.,University of Groningen
Proceedings - 9th Working IEEE/IFIP Conference on Software Architecture, WICSA 2011 | Year: 2011

Architecting is to a large extent a decision-making process. While many approaches and tools exist to support architects during the various activities of architecting, little guidance exists to support the reasoning part of decision-making. This is partly due to our limited understanding of how professional architects make decisions. We report on findings of a survey that we have conducted with 53 industrial software architects to find out how they reason in real projects. The results of the survey are interpreted with respect to the industrial context and the architecture literature. We derive reasoning best practices that can support especially inexperienced architects with optimizing their decision-making process. © 2011 IEEE.

Halawa E.,Charles Darwin University | Van Hoof J.,Fontys University of Applied Sciences | Van Hoof J.,Dutch Building Services Research Institute | Soebarto V.,University of Adelaide
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2014

Thermal comfort is determined by the combined effect of the six thermal comfort parameters: temperature, air moisture content, thermal radiation, air relative velocity, personal activity and clothing level as formulated by Fanger through his double heat balance equations. In conventional air conditioning systems, air temperature is the parameter that is normally controlled whilst others are assumed to have values within the specified ranges at the design stage. In Fanger's double heat balance equation, thermal radiation factor appears as the mean radiant temperature (MRT), however, its impact on thermal comfort is often ignored. This paper discusses the impacts of the thermal radiation field which takes the forms of mean radiant temperature and radiation asymmetry on thermal comfort, building energy consumption and air-conditioning control. Several conditions and applications in which the effects of mean radiant temperature and radiation asymmetry cannot be ignored are discussed. Several misinterpretations that arise from the formula relating mean radiant temperature and the operative temperature are highlighted, coupled with a discussion on the lack of reliable and affordable devices that measure this parameter. The usefulness of the concept of the operative temperature as a measure of combined effect of mean radiant and air temperatures on occupant's thermal comfort is critically questioned, especially in relation to the control strategy based on this derived parameter. Examples of systems which deliver comfort using thermal radiation are presented. Finally, the paper presents various options that need to be considered in the efforts to mitigate the impacts of the thermal radiant field on the occupants' thermal comfort and building energy consumption. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

van Baest R.,Fontys University of Applied Sciences
International Symposium on Project Approaches in Engineering Education | Year: 2016

The SCS (Social and Communication Skills) module is an experiential, student-centred lecture series that seeks to stimulate the receptiveness of Mechanical Engineering students to their own personal development. The choice of stimuli used in the SCS lectures and the way students respond to these, are critical to the success of the module. The objective of the SCS module is: to contribute to the development cycle of the personal attributes of Mechanical Engineering students and their receptiveness to their individual strengths and weaknesses, as well as those of others. The SCS module is primarily focused on intrapersonal development. At the same time, the development of interpersonal skills is of importance. Reflection, through writing a reflective piece in a workbook after every SCS lecture, serves as a link between lectures. Students complete a written evaluation after every period. The attitude and communication skills of the SCS lecturer have a strong influence on the pace of lectures. (The SCS module forms the first part, the foundation, of a more extensive research in the practice of Higher Technical Education in Holland). © 2016, University of Minho. All rights reserved.

Halawa E.,Petronas University of Technology | Van Hoof J.,Fontys University of Applied Sciences | Van Hoof J.,Dutch Building Services Research Institute
Energy and Buildings | Year: 2012

The adaptive approach to thermal comfort has gained unprecedented exposure and rising status recently among the thermal comfort community at the apparent expense of the heat balance approach for the evaluation of naturally ventilated buildings. The main appeal of this adaptive approach lies in its simplicity whereby the comfort temperature is expressed as a function of the outdoor air temperature only. The main responsibility for attaining thermal comfort is given to the individual, who is supposed to have some degree of control over the personal thermal environment. The adjustment of expectation enables a wider comfort temperature range in which occupants feel comfortable. Arguments in favor of the adaptive approach have been based on the results from a large number of field studies conducted across the globe involving the occupants of various types of buildings. It is not surprising, therefore, to watch proliferation of papers on the adaptive approach in the scientific domain and the incorporation of adaptive findings into standards and guidelines. However, there are a number of issues in the advancement of this approach, which have had little exposure in the literature. This paper looks critically at the foundation and underlying assumptions of the adaptive model approach and its findings. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Kirkels Y.,Fontys University of Applied Sciences | Duysters G.,TU Eindhoven
Research Policy | Year: 2010

This study focuses on SME networks of design and high-tech companies in Southeast Netherlands. By highlighting the personal networks of members across design and high-tech industries, the study attempts to identify the main brokers in this dynamic environment. In addition, we investigate whether specific characteristics are associated with these brokers. The main contribution of the paper lies in the fact that, in contrast to most other work, it is of a quantitative nature and focuses on brokers identified in an actual network. Studying the phenomenon of brokerage provides us with clear insights into the concept of brokerage regarding SME networks in different fields. In particular we highlight how third parties contribute to the transfer and development of knowledge. Empirical results show, among others, that the most influential brokers are found in the non-profit and science sector and have a long track record in their branch. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Nieuwboer C.C.,Fontys University of Applied Sciences | Fukkink R.G.,University of Amsterdam | Hermanns J.M.A.,University of Amsterdam
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking | Year: 2013

The Internet offers many opportunities to provide parenting support. An overview of empirical studies in this domain is lacking, and little is known about the design of web based parenting resources and their evaluations, raising questions about its position in the context of parenting intervention programs. This article is a systematic review of empirical studies (n=75), published between 1998 and 2010, that describe resources of peer and professional online support for parents. These studies generally report positive outcomes of online parenting support. A number of recent experimental studies evaluated effects, including randomized controlled trials and quasi-experimental designs (totaling 1,615 parents and 740 children). A relatively large proportion of the studies in our sample reported a content analysis of e-mails and posts (totaling 15,059 coded messages). The results of this review show that the Internet offers a variety of opportunities for sharing peer support and consulting professionals. The field of study reflects an emphasis on online resources for parents of preschool children, concerning health topics and providing professional support. A range of technologies to facilitate online communication is applied in evaluated Web sites, although the combination of multiple components in one resource is not very common. The first generation of online resources has already changed parenting and parenting support for a large group of parents and professionals. Suggestions for future development and research are discussed. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Schols M.,Fontys University of Applied Sciences
International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning | Year: 2012

Educators are increasingly encouraged to practice life-long learning. Learning to cope with emerging technologies for educational purposes is, for most educators, a complex process. Consequently, educators engage in critical reflective processes, and consider new views as they learn new knowledge and skills so as how to best apply information and communication technologies to teaching and learning. For educators this process can be intimidating and frustrating. The use of new technologies in education requires educators to reconceptualise traditional educational concepts which means that educators need compelling reasons to dramatically change their teaching and learning practice.This paper highlights the significance of Mezirow's transformative learning theory for teachers' technology professional development and provides insight in teachers' learning processes as they learn emerging technologies for educational purposes. The data discussed in this paper have been drawn from a study at FontysUniversity of Applied Sciences, The Netherlands. The data were collected and analyzed according to a qualitative approach.

Jacobs G.,Fontys University of Applied Sciences
Health promotion practice | Year: 2011

During the past few decades, health promotion has increasingly focused on the empowerment of deprived communities and is shifting from a top-down approach to a participatory practice, aimed at helping people to gain control over their lives and health. Previous research shows that this shift is not without problems. In the Netherlands, an action learning program on empowerment was developed to help health promotion practitioners in this transition. Twenty-four practitioners from different fields of health promotion took part in a 6-month program. Qualitative data were collected from different sources and methods and were analyzed using a thematic analysis. The findings threw light on a core dilemma in health promotion practice and several barriers to bringing empowerment into practice, both on a personal level and in relationship to the community and the wider institutional context. The implications of this study for the empowerment ethos of health promotion and its feasibility within the current West European policy context are discussed.

Slingerland M.,Fontys University of Applied Sciences | Borghouts L.,Fontys University of Applied Sciences
Journal of Physical Activity and Health | Year: 2011

Background: Physical education (PE) has the potential of stimulating physical activity (PA) in children and adolescents in a direct and an indirect manner. By providing in-class activity, PE could directly contribute to the accumulation of physical activity. In addition, it is often claimed that PE could have an effect on physical activity by stimulating out-of-class activity, or even physical activity in adult life. Methods: We reviewed intervention studies using a PE component that directly or indirectly aimed to increase physical activity in primary and secondary school students. An electronic literature search was conducted and articles' reference lists were scanned for additional papers. Results: Fourteen studies matched our criteria. A review of these studies showed that interventions are able to directly increase activity in PE classes with relatively simple modifications, whereas the evidence for increasing out-of-class PA through interventions utilizing PE as a component is less convincing. Conclusions: We propose that evidence-based interventions aimed at increasing PA in children and adolescents through PE should at this moment be aimed at the direct effect of PE. There is a need for high quality PE-based interventions directed at out-of-class activity and long-term active life style. © 2011 Human Kinetics, Inc.

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