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Signorile P.G.,Fondazione Italiana Endometriosi | Spugnini E.P.,Regina Elena Cancer Institute | Citro G.,Regina Elena Cancer Institute | Viceconte R.,Fondazione Italiana Endometriosi | And 4 more authors.
Frontiers in Bioscience - Elite | Year: 2012

Timed pregnant Balb-C mice were treated from day 1 of gestation to 7 days after delivery with the endocrine disruptor bisphenol a (BPA) (100, or 1,000 μg/kg/day). After delivery, pups were hold for three months; then, ovaries were analyzed in their entirety. We found that in the ovaries of BPA-treated animals the number of primordial follicles and of developing follicles was significantly lower than in the untreated animals. Moreover, the number of atretic follicles was significantly higher in the treated animals. Finally, we found that the animals displaying endometriosis-like phenotype had a more severe impairment of the ovaries in term of number of primordial and developing follicles in comparison with the other mice exposed to BPA. In conclusion, we describe for the first time a complex phenotype in mice, elicited by prenatal exposition to BPA, that includes ovarian lesions and endometriosis. Considering the high incidence of endometriosis and of the premature ovarian failure associated to infertility in these patients, the data showed prompt a thoroughly reconsideration of the pathological framing of these lesions.


Crispi S.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience | Piccolo M.T.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience | D'avino A.,The Second University of Naples | Donizetti A.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Year: 2013

Endometriosis is a common benign pathology, characterised by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the endometrial cavity with a prevalence of 10-15% in reproductive-aged women. The pathogenesis is not completely understood, and several theories have been proposed to explain the aetiology. Our group has recently described the presence of ectopic endometrium in a consistent number of human female foetuses analysed by autopsy, reinforcing the hypothesis that endometriosis may be generated by defects during the organogenesis of the female reproductive trait. Herein, in order to identify, at molecular level, changes involved in the disease, we compared the transcriptional profiling of ectopic endometrium with the corresponding eutopic one. Statistical analyses lead us to identify some genes specifically deregulated in the ectopic endometrium, that are involved in gonad developmental process or in wound healing process. Among them, we identified BMP4 and GREM1. BMP4 was never associated before to endometriosis and is involved in the mesoderm-Müllerian duct differentiation. GREM1 is needed for the initial step of the ureter growth and perhaps could possibly be involved in Müller ducts differentiation. These molecules might be related to the endometriosis aetiology since we showed that their expression is not related to the menstrual cycle phase both at RNA and at protein levels. These data support the theory that embryological defects could be responsible of the endometriosis generation. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Boccellino M.,The Second University of Naples | Quagliuolo L.,The Second University of Naples | Verde A.,The Second University of Naples | La Porta R.,The Second University of Naples | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2012

Endometriosis is a relatively common chronic gynecologic disorder that usually presents with chronic pelvic pain or infertility. It results from implantation of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. Despite its frequency and its impact on quality of life, the understanding of pathogenesis of endometriosis remains incomplete and its treatment remains controversial. In this work, we established a suitable in vitro model system of immortalized human endometriotic cell line taking advantage of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase. The results demonstrate that these cells retain the natural characteristics of endometrial cells in term of phenotype and of functional expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors, without chromosomal abnormalities. In conclusion, these cells are potentially useful as an experimental model to investigate endometriosis biology. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Signorile P.G.,Fondazione Italiana Endometriosi | Baldi F.,The Second University of Naples | Bussani R.,University of Trieste | Viceconte R.,Fondazione Italiana Endometriosi | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Year: 2012

The etiology of endometriosis, a gynecological disease characterized by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity, is still unknown. Our research group has recently demonstrated the presence of ectopic endometrium in human female fetuses at different gestational ages. In this manuscript we describe four new cases of fetal endometriosis found among a series of 52 female fetuses analyzed at autopsy. The anatomical localization of this ectopic endometrium, and its histological and immunohistochemical characteristics are depicted. We suggest that endometriosis is caused by dislocation of primitive endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity during organogenesis. The clinical and pathological implications of these findings are discussed. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Signorile P.G.,Fondazione Italiana Endometriosi | Baldi A.,Fondazione Italiana Endometriosi | Baldi A.,The Second University of Naples
International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology | Year: 2015

Endometriosis is a recurrent and benign gynecological disorder characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the cavity of the uterus. It is one of the most common diseases in the gynecological field, affecting about 10% of the female population in reproductive age. Despite this, its pathogenesis is still unacknowledged, there is a lack of early diagnostic markers and current therapies are only symptomatic. Considering the relevant health problems caused by endometriosis, all new information on this disease may have important clinical implications. The aim of this article is to summarize the latest advances in the pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy of endometriosis that have recently been proposed by our research group. The possible clinical implications of these findings will be discussed. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Fondazione Italiana Endometriosi
Type: Journal Article | Journal: General and comparative endocrinology | Year: 2010

Endometriosis is a chronic gynecological disease characterized by the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. Exposure to endocrine disruptors during critical period of development causes long-lasting effects, being the genital system one of the targets. This study describes the effects on female genital system caused by developmental exposure to the endocrine-disrupting chemical bisphenol A (BPA) during pre- and peri-natal development in mice. To this end, timed pregnant Balb-C mice were treated from day 1 of gestation to 7 days after delivery with BPA (100, or 1000 microg/kg/day). After delivery, pups were held for 3 months; then, pelvic organs were analyzed in their entirety and livers of both pups and moms were studied for the presence of BPA. We found in the adipose tissue surrounding the genital tracts of a consistent number of treated animals, endometriosis-like structure with the presence of both glands and stroma and expressing both estrogen receptor and HOXA-10. Moreover, cystic ovaries, adenomatous hyperplasia with cystic endometrial hyperplasia and atypical hyperplasia were significantly more frequent in treated animals respect to the controls. Finally, BPA was found in the livers of exposed moms and female offspring. In conclusion, we describe for the first time an endometriosis-like phenotype in mice, elicited by pre-natal exposition to BPA. This observation may induce to thoroughly reconsider the pathogenesis and treatment of endometriosis, considering the high incidence of endometriosis and the problems caused by associated infertility.


PubMed | Fondazione Italiana Endometriosi
Type: | Journal: Frontiers in bioscience (Elite edition) | Year: 2011

Timed pregnant Balb-C mice were treated from day 1 of gestation to 7 days after delivery with the endocrine disruptor bisphenol a (BPA) (100, or 1,000 microg/kg/day). After delivery, pups were hold for three months; then, ovaries were analyzed in their entirety. We found that in the ovaries of BPA-treated animals the number of primordial follicles and of developing follicles was significantly lower than in the untreated animals. Moreover, the number of atretic follicles was significantly higher in the treated animals. Finally, we found that the animals displaying endometriosis-like phenotype had a more severe impairment of the ovaries in term of number of primordial and developing follicles in comparison with the other mice exposed to BPA. In conclusion, we describe for the first time a complex phenotype in mice, elicited by pre-natal exposition to BPA, that includes ovarian lesions and endometriosis. Considering the high incidence of endometriosis and of the premature ovarian failure associated to infertility in these patients, the data showed prompt a thoroughly reconsideration of the pathological framing of these lesions.


Signorile P.G.,Fondazione Italiana Endometriosi | Baldi F.,The Second University of Naples | Bussani R.,University of Trieste | D'Armiento M.,University of Naples Federico II | And 5 more authors.
Reproductive BioMedicine Online | Year: 2010

The aetiology of endometriosis, a gynaecological disease defined by the histological presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity, is still open to debate. Research has recently found evidence for endometriosis in human female fetuses at different gestational ages. This paper reports a new case of fetal endometriosis in a 25-week female fetus, deceased due to placental pathology, from a series of 13 female fetuses analysed at autopsy. The exact anatomical localization of this misplaced endometrium, as well as its histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics are illustrated. The case suggests that endometriosis can be caused by dislocation of primitive endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity during organogenesis. © 2010, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Fondazione Italiana Endometriosi
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology | Year: 2010

Endometriosis is a gynaecological disease defined by the histological presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity. Though there are several theories, research scientists remain unsure as to the definitive cause(s) of endometriosis. Considering the relevant health problems caused by endometriosis, all new information on the pathogenesis of this disease, may have important clinical implications. Goal of this article is to summarize the latest advances in the pathogenesis of endometriosis, with particular emphasis on the embryological theory, that has been recently re-proposed. The possible clinical implications of these findings will be discussed.


PubMed | Fondazione Italiana Endometriosi
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of cellular physiology | Year: 2012

The etiology of endometriosis, a gynecological disease characterized by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity, is still unknown. Our research group has recently demonstrated the presence of ectopic endometrium in human female fetuses at different gestational ages. In this manuscript we describe four new cases of fetal endometriosis found among a series of 52 female fetuses analyzed at autopsy. The anatomical localization of this ectopic endometrium, and its histological and immunohistochemical characteristics are depicted. We suggest that endometriosis is caused by dislocation of primitive endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity during organogenesis. The clinical and pathological implications of these findings are discussed.

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