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Lo-Coco F.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Lo-Coco F.,Laboratorio Of Neuro Oncoematologia | Avvisati G.,Biomedical University of Rome | Vignetti M.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 22 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2010

After the identification of discrete relapse-risk categories in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) receiving alltrans retinoic and idarubicin (AIDA)-like therapies, the Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche dell'Adulto (GIMEMA) designed a protocol for newly diagnosed APL (AIDA-2000) in which postremission treatment was risk-adapted. Patients with low/intermediate risk received remission at 3 anthracycline-based consolidation courses, whereas high-risk patients received the same schedule as in the previous, non-risk-adapted AIDA-0493 trial including cytarabine.In addition, all patients in the AIDA-2000 received all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) for 15 days during each consolidation. After induction, 600 of 636 (94.3%) and 420 of 445 (94.4%) patients achieved complete remission in the AIDA-0493 and AIDA-2000, respectively. The 6-year overall survival and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) rates were 78.1% versus 87.4% (P = .001) and 27.7% versus 10.7% (P < .0001). Significantly lower CIR rates for patients in the AIDA-2000 were most evident in the high-risk group (49.7% vs 9.3%, respectively, P < .0001). Our data confirm that anthracycline-based consolidation is at least equally effective as cytarabine-containing regimens for low-/intermediate-risk patients and suggest that a risk-adapted strategy including ATRA for consolidation improves outcome in newly diagnosed APL. Furthermore, our results highlight the role of cytarabine coupled to anthracyclines and ATRA during consolidation in the high-risk group. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT 001064570. © 2010 by The American Society of Hematology. Source


Avvisati G.,Biomedical University of Rome | Lo-Coco F.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Lo-Coco F.,Laboratorio Of Neuro Oncoematologia | Paoloni F.P.,Fondazione GIMEMA ONLUS | And 21 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2011

All-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) has greatly modified the prognosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia; however, the role of maintenance in patients in molecular complete remission after consolidation treatment is still debated. From July 1993 to May 2000, 807 genetically proven newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia patients received ATRA plus idarubicin as induction, followed by 3 intensive consolidation courses. Thereafter, patients reverse-transcribed polymerase chain reaction - negative for the PML-RARA fusion gene were randomized into 4 arms: oral 6-mercaptopurine and intramuscular methotrexate (arm 1);ATRAalone (arm 2); 3 months of arm1 alternating to 15 days of arm 2 (arm 3); and no further therapy (arm 4). Starting from February 1997, randomization was limited to ATRA-containing arms only (arms 2 and 3). Complete remission was achieved in 761 of 807 (94.3%) patients, and 681 completed the consolidation program. Of these, 664 (97.5%) were evaluated for the PML-RARA fusion gene, and 586 of 646 (90.7%) who tested reverse-transcribed polymerase chain reaction - negative were randomized to maintenance. The event-free survival estimate at 12 years was 68.9% (95% confidence interval, 66.4%-71.4%), and no differences in disease-free survival at 12 years were observed among the maintenance arms. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

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