Time filter

Source Type

Créteil, France

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: HEALTH.2011.3.3-4 | Award Amount: 2.27M | Year: 2011

On the regional level, Europe has one of the highest levels of resources for mental health care. Despite this, the high burden and impact of mental disorders in Europe is expected to rise. ROAdmap for Mental health Research (ROAMER) is designed to develop a comprehensive, consensus-based roadmap to promote and integrate mental health and well-being research in Europe. Research advances and innovations are to be devoted to decreasing the burden of mental disorders and increasing the mental health and well-being of Europeans. ROAMER will combine a neutral, fact-based methodology with extensive stakeholder involvement in consultation and dissemination. During the kick-off phase, the methodology (including comprehensive EU-wide indicators to assess the current state of the art, gaps and advances) and the desired situation (scoping and objectives) will be finalised. Secondly, the current state of the art will be examined, using these tools. In the third phase, the desired situation will be compared with the current situation to identify gaps and advances. Phase four prioritises these gaps and advances, as well as solutions. In the fifth phase, this information is translated into roadmaps covering infrastructures, capacity building and funding strategies for scientific areas relevant to mental health and well-being: biomedical, psychological, social, economic and public health. Geographical, interdisciplinary, developmental, gender and age perspectives will be taken into account. To achieve consensus among a broad group of scientists, service users, carers, government and funding institutions and other stakeholders, ROAMER uses web-based surveys, scientific workshops, scientific advisory board meetings, stakeholder meetings, consensus meetings, and policy meetings. The consortium consists of leading experts in the field, and is well balanced in terms of geographical distribution and complementary expertises across all relevant aspects of mental health research.

Morgieve M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | N'diaye K.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Haynes W.I.A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Granger B.,De Biostatistiques et dInformation Medicale bioSPIM | And 4 more authors.
Psychological Medicine | Year: 2014

Background Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a successful treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). It is known to induce changes in cerebral metabolism; however, the dynamics of these changes and their relation to clinical change remain largely unknown, precluding the identification of individualized response biomarkers. Method In order to study the dynamics of treatment response, we performed systematic clinical and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) evaluation of 35 OCD patients immediately before a 3-month course of CBT, halfway through and at its end, as well as 6 months after. To sensitize fMRI probing, we used an original exposure task using neutral, generic and personalized obsession-inducing images. Results As expected, CBT produced a significant improvement in OCD. This improvement was continuous over the course of the therapy; therefore, outcome could be predicted by response at mid-therapy (r 2 = 0.67, p < 0.001). Haemodynamic response to the task was located in the anterior cingulate and orbitofrontal cortices and was stronger during exposure to personalized obsession-inducing images. In addition, both the anxiety ratings and the haemodynamic response to the obsession-inducing images in the anterior cingulate and the left but not the right orbitofrontal clusters decreased with symptom improvement. Interestingly, haemodynamic activity continued to decrease after stabilization of clinical symptoms. Conclusions Using an innovative and highly sensitive exposure paradigm in fMRI, we showed that clinical and haemodynamic phenotypes have similar time courses during CBT. Our results, which suggest that the initial CBT sessions are crucial, prompt us to investigate the anatomo-functional modifications underlying the very first weeks of the therapy. © Cambridge University Press 2013.

Henry C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Henry C.,University Paris Est Creteil | M'Bailara K.,University of Bordeaux Segalen | Lepine J.-P.,Fondation Fondamental | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Affective Disorders | Year: 2010

Objectives: Mood state heterogeneity in bipolar disorder leads to confusion in diagnosis and therapeutic strategies. Recently, the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP-BD) showed that two-thirds of bipolar-depressed patients had concomitant manic symptoms, these characteristics being linked to a more severe form of bipolar disorder. Moreover, manic symptoms occurring during bipolar depression are associated with mood switches induced by antidepressant. It is thus important to best characterize mood episodes with mixed features in order to improve our understanding of the etiopathology and to choose the most appropriate treatment. As dimensional approach can better describe phenomena that are distributed continuously without clear boundaries, we used the MATHYS scale, constructed on a dimensional approach. The aim of the study is to determine whether two dimensions (activation/inhibition and emotional reactivity) improve assessment of bipolar states in which both manic and depressive symptoms are associated. Methods: We included 189 bipolar patients and 90 controls. Bipolar patients were distinguished between those with a major depressive episode without manic symptoms, a major depressive episode with manic symptoms, a mixed state and a manic state. The MATHYS scale provides a total score, quantifying an inhibition/activation process, and a score for emotional reactivity (intensity of emotions). Results: We demonstrated that there is a continuum ranging from inhibition to activation (respectively from major depressive episodes without manic symptoms to manic states), with a gradual increase in the severity of the activation. Regarding emotional reactivity, results are quiet different since only major depressive episodes without manic symptoms are characterized by emotional hypo-reactivity while major depressive episodes with manic symptoms, manic and mixed states exhibited emotional hyper-reactivity. Conclusions: The MATHYS scale, providing a score for inhibition/activation process and a score for emotional reactivity, is clearly useful to distinguish bipolar depressive episodes without manic symptoms from those with manic symptoms. This last type of depression appears to belong to a broad spectrum of mixed state. To go further we need to explore if these two types of depression are underlined by different mechanisms and what is the most appropriate treatment for each of them. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Micoulaud-Franchi J.-A.,Pole Of Psychiatrie University | Micoulaud-Franchi J.-A.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Geoffroy P.A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Geoffroy P.A.,University Paris Diderot | And 7 more authors.
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Objective: We undertook a meta-analysis of published Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) with semi-active control and sham-NF groups to determine whether Electroencephalogram-neurofeedback (EEG-NF) significantly improves the overall symptoms, inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity dimensions for probably unblinded assessment (parent assessment) and probably blinded assessment (teacher assessment) in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).Data sources: A systematic review identified independent studies that were eligible for inclusion in a random effects meta-analysis.Data extraction: Effect sizes for ADHD symptoms were expressed as standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals.Results: Five identified studies met eligibility criteria, 263 patients with ADHD were included, 146 patients were trained with EEG-NF. On parent assessment (probably unblinded assessment), the overall ADHD score (SMD = −0.49 [−0.74, −0.24]), the inattention score (SMD = −0.46 [−0.76, −0.15]) and the hyperactivity/impulsivity score (SMD = −0.34 [−0.59, −0.09]) were significantly improved in patients receiving EEG-NF compared to controls. On teacher assessment (probably blinded assessment), only the inattention score was significantly improved in patients receiving EEG-NF compared to controls (SMD = −0.30 [−0.58, −0.03]).Conclusions: This meta-analysis of EEG-NF in children with ADHD highlights improvement in the inattention dimension of ADHD symptoms. Future investigations should pay greater attention to adequately blinded studies and EEG-NF protocols that carefully control the implementation and embedding of training. © 2014 Micoulaud-Franchi, Geoffroy, Fond, Lopez, Bioulac and Philip.

Bellivier F.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Bellivier F.,University Paris Diderot | Bellivier F.,Paris West University Nanterre La Defense | Geoffroy P.-A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 7 more authors.
Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets | Year: 2015

Introduction: Disruptions in sleep and circadian rhythms are observed in individuals with bipolar disorders (BD), both during acute mood episodes and remission. Such abnormalities may relate to dysfunction of the molecular circadian clock and could offer a target for new drugs. Areas covered: This review focuses on clinical, actigraphic, biochemical and genetic biomarkers of BDs, as well as animal and cellular models, and highlights that sleep and circadian rhythm disturbances are closely linked to the susceptibility to BDs and vulnerability to mood relapses. As lithium is likely to act as a synchronizer and stabilizer of circadian rhythms, we will review pharmacogenetic studies testing circadian gene polymorphisms and prophylactic response to lithium. Interventions such as sleep deprivation, light therapy and psychological therapies may also target sleep and circadian disruptions in BDs efficiently for treatment and prevention of bipolar depression. Expert opinion: We suggest that future research should clarify the associations between sleep and circadian rhythm disturbances and alterations of the molecular clock in order to identify critical targets within the circadian pathway. The investigation of such targets using human cellular models or animal models combined with 'omics' approaches are crucial steps for new drug development. © 2015 Informa UK, Ltd.

Discover hidden collaborations