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HomeCinemaCenter.com, a leading online supplier of high-quality home furnishings, announced today that it has launched a new new Bedroom, Dining , Upholstery, and Outdoor Furniture line in partnering with Furniture of America. -- HomeCinemaCenter.com, a leading online supplier of high-quality home furnishings, announced today that it has launched a new Bedroom, Dining , Upholstery, and Outdoor Furniture line in partnering with Furniture of America.  This integration will allow customers to purchase across many product categories just in time for the Summer Season.   This new line offers 100's of collections giving customers many options to furnish their home in contemporary, modern, traditional, or transitional styles.  With over 2000 new offerings, customers will have a wide array of selections.For those HomeCinemaCenter.com customers who are interested in financing their purchases, a partnership with Paypal Credit  affords this convenient opportunity. Paypal Credit is dedicated to providing financial support for everyday needs, including elegant and stylish home furniture from HomeCinemaCenter.com.As always, HomeCinemaCenter.com accepts all major credit cards to make transactions as effortless as possible.About HomeCinemaCenter.comHomeCinemaCenter.com is a leading retail supplier of stylish and elegant home furniture ( http://www.HomeCinemaCenter.com ). A user-friendly website combined with a huge selection of high-quality home furnishings, including bedroom furniture dining room furniture, and entertainment center furniture, has made HomeCinemaCenter.com a popular choice for consumers for years. Visit http://www.HomeCinemaCenter.com for more information.About Furniture of AmericaFrom day one, this has been Furniture of America's Mission. FOA believes the purchase of new furniture is an important milestone in the growth of every person and every home. It becomes part of the happy memories of all of the wonderful events of life. From starting a new life together, the birth of a child, purchase of a new home to a graduation, almost every purchase is tied to happy events. From the consumers to retail partners and to suppliers, the path to happiness comes from every piece of furniture sold. FOA promotes "Made in America" where it can and has established itself as a premier source of US-made upholstery. FOA is involved in many community projects, and in addition to regularly contributing to local causes, it is involved in and supports several environmental and humanitarian projects nationally and internationally.


HomeCinemaCenter.com Announces New Bedroom, Dining, Upholstery, and Outdoor Furniture Partnership with Furniture of America (FOA) Myrtle Beach, SC, May 15, 2017 --( For those HomeCinemaCenter.com customers who are interested in financing their purchases, a partnership with Paypal Credit affords this convenient opportunity. Paypal Credit is dedicated to providing financial support for everyday needs, including elegant and stylish home furniture from HomeCinemaCenter.com. As always, HomeCinemaCenter.com accepts all major credit cards to make transactions as effortless as possible. About HomeCinemaCenter.com HomeCinemaCenter.com is a leading retail supplier of stylish and elegant home furniture. A user-friendly website combined with a huge selection of high-quality home furnishings, including bedroom furniture dining room furniture, and entertainment center furniture, has made HomeCinemaCenter.com a popular choice for consumers for years. Visit http://www.HomeCinemaCenter.com for more information. About Furniture of America From day one, this has been Furniture of America’s Mission. FOA believes the purchase of new furniture is an important milestone in the growth of every person and every home. It becomes part of the happy memories of all of the wonderful events of life. From starting a new life together, the birth of a child, purchase of a new home to a graduation, almost every purchase is tied to happy events. From the consumers to retail partners and to suppliers, the path to happiness comes from every piece of furniture sold. FOA promotes “Made in America” where it can and has established itself as a premier source of US-made upholstery. FOA is involved in many community projects, and in addition to regularly contributing to local causes, it is involved in and supports several environmental and humanitarian projects nationally and internationally. www.homecinemacenter.com Myrtle Beach, SC, May 15, 2017 --( PR.com )-- HomeCinemaCenter.com, a leading online supplier of high-quality home furnishings, announced today that it has launched a new Bedroom, Dining, Upholstery, and Outdoor Furniture line in partnering with Furniture of America. This integration will allow customers to purchase across many product categories just in time for the Summer Season. This new line offers 100’s of collections giving customers many options to furnish their home in contemporary, modern, traditional, or transitional styles. With over 2000 new offerings, customers will have a wide array of selections.For those HomeCinemaCenter.com customers who are interested in financing their purchases, a partnership with Paypal Credit affords this convenient opportunity. Paypal Credit is dedicated to providing financial support for everyday needs, including elegant and stylish home furniture from HomeCinemaCenter.com.As always, HomeCinemaCenter.com accepts all major credit cards to make transactions as effortless as possible.About HomeCinemaCenter.comHomeCinemaCenter.com is a leading retail supplier of stylish and elegant home furniture. A user-friendly website combined with a huge selection of high-quality home furnishings, including bedroom furniture dining room furniture, and entertainment center furniture, has made HomeCinemaCenter.com a popular choice for consumers for years. Visit http://www.HomeCinemaCenter.com for more information.About Furniture of AmericaFrom day one, this has been Furniture of America’s Mission. FOA believes the purchase of new furniture is an important milestone in the growth of every person and every home. It becomes part of the happy memories of all of the wonderful events of life. From starting a new life together, the birth of a child, purchase of a new home to a graduation, almost every purchase is tied to happy events. From the consumers to retail partners and to suppliers, the path to happiness comes from every piece of furniture sold. FOA promotes “Made in America” where it can and has established itself as a premier source of US-made upholstery. FOA is involved in many community projects, and in addition to regularly contributing to local causes, it is involved in and supports several environmental and humanitarian projects nationally and internationally.www.homecinemacenter.com Click here to view the list of recent Press Releases from Home Cinema Center


MYRTLE BEACH, SC, May 15, 2017 /24-7PressRelease/ -- HomeCinemaCenter.com, a leading online supplier of high-quality home furnishings, announced today that it has launched a new Bedroom, Dining, Upholstery, and Outdoor Furniture line in partnering with Furniture of America. This integration will allow customers to purchase across many product categories just in time for the Summer Season. This new line offers 100's of collections giving customers many options to furnish their home in contemporary, modern, traditional, or transitional styles. With over 2000 new offerings, customers will have a wide array of selections. For those HomeCinemaCenter.com customers who are interested in financing their purchases, a partnership with Paypal Credit affords this convenient opportunity. Paypal Credit is dedicated to providing financial support for everyday needs, including elegant and stylish home furniture from HomeCinemaCenter.com. As always, HomeCinemaCenter.com accepts all major credit cards to make transactions as effortless as possible. About HomeCinemaCenter.com HomeCinemaCenter.com is a leading retail supplier of stylish and elegant home furniture. A user-friendly website combined with a huge selection of high-quality home furnishings, including bedroom furniture dining room furniture, and entertainment center furniture, has made HomeCinemaCenter.com a popular choice for consumers for years. Visit http://www.HomeCinemaCenter.com for more information. About Furniture of America From day one, this has been Furniture of America's Mission. FOA believes the purchase of new furniture is an important milestone in the growth of every person and every home. It becomes part of the happy memories of all of the wonderful events of life. From starting a new life together, the birth of a child, purchase of a new home to a graduation, almost every purchase is tied to happy events. From the consumers to retail partners and to suppliers, the path to happiness comes from every piece of furniture sold. FOA promotes "Made in America" where it can and has established itself as a premier source of US-made upholstery. FOA is involved in many community projects, and in addition to regularly contributing to local causes, it is involved in and supports several environmental and humanitarian projects nationally and internationally.


HOLBROOK, NY--(Marketwired - May 05, 2017) - American Portfolios Financial Services, Inc. (APFS), a privately-held, independent broker/dealer that provides services and support to financial advisors throughout the country, continues its long-standing support of World T.E.A.M. Sports with the 2017 Face of America (FOA) bike ride, which took place April 28-30, 2017. APFS is a firm believer in being a true corporate citizen through acts of social responsibility -- one of six tenets outlined in its strategic five-year plan for growth. "A significant part of our mission is to give back to the community -- to leave a noticeable footprint locally, nationally and even globally," said APFS CEO and WTS Vice Chairman Lon T. Dolber. "Our hope is that by encouraging APFS employees and affiliated colleagues to take part in socially responsible events, it will spark in them the desire to make a difference in the world at large. Whether by participating in events like FOA or by simply organizing a fundraiser for a local shelter, many of our colleagues who have participated in WTS events have gone on to make tangible differences in their local communities." Since 2007, APFS has been a proud participant and sponsor for WTS, a non-profit organization that for the last 24 years has remained true to its mission to "change lives through sports." The firm has actively contributed its time and resources each year to more than 25 events that encourage and challenge disabled men, women and children to accomplish feats they never dreamed possible. APFS has raised nearly $1 million for the organization since its involvement, earning the distinction of being among the top fundraisers for WTS. Team American Portfolios raised a total of $92,875 in charitable donations for the 2017 FOA bike ride alone, and two of the firm's affiliated financial advisors were ranked among the Top 10 Overall Fundraisers: Theresa Hannon ($6,740) and James McCauley ($5,475). 2017 marks APFS' 10th FOA bike ride, which covers more than 100 miles from Washington, D.C., to the battlefields of Gettysburg, Pa., over the course of two days. This year's ride included more than 600 cyclists, 250 of which are active duty military personnel and U.S. and Canadian military veterans, many of whom were injured or became disabled during military service. Among the riders were 68 APFS staff members, affiliated financial advisors, and business partners and/or friends of the firm. "Spending time with our Team AP riders and volunteers, while watching new relationships form and existing ones flourish, is really wonderful," said David Rey, APFS financial advisor and team captain. "Each year we become stronger within our team and on the ride itself." APFS COO Dean Bruno, a triathlete in his spare time, lends to Rey's sentiment. "FOA has made an impact on me as I've developed many friendships over the years and it is a humbling experience to help others who may need a push or two going up the various hills in Washington, D.C., Maryland and Pennsylvania, or perhaps giving them encouragement to keep on pedaling and to never give up" he said of his experience. In 2016, 14 APFS staff members and affiliated colleagues participated in WTS' Adventure Team Challenge (ATC) and Coastal Team Challenge (CTC). This year will see the firm's continued participation in these events, beginning with ATC in Harris, N.Y., from June 8-9, 2017, which engages medically-fragile, developmentally-disabled teens and young adults from the Center for Discovery during a weekend of competitive team sporting events; and CTC on Aug. 1-2, 2017, a two-day, 20-nautical-mile, non-competitive kayak journey along the coast of Long Island, N.Y., with participating athletes from Independent Group Home Living. Headquartered in Holbrook, N.Y., APFS is a full-service, independent broker/dealer and member firm of FINRA and SIPC, offering a complete range of financial services, including personal financial and retirement planning, securities trading, mutual funds, access to investment research, long-term care planning, insurance products and tax-free investing. Fee-based asset management is offered through its sister subsidiary, American Portfolios Advisors, Inc., (APA), an SEC Registered Investment Advisor. Both entities, along with technology entity American Portfolios Advisory Solutions, LLC, collectively reside under the legal entity American Portfolios Holdings, Inc. (APH). Full-service securities brokerage is available through a clearing firm relationship with Pershing, LLC, a BNY Mellon firm, the securities of which are held on a fully disclosed basis. The company currently serves 800 independent investment professionals located in 366 branch locations throughout the nation. It was named Broker-Dealer of the Year* (Division III) by Investment Advisor magazine in 2015 and 2016, as well as the No. 1 Best Small/Mid-Size Company to Work for in the state of New York for 2016 by the New York State Society for Human Resources Management (NYS-SHRM) and the Best Companies Group (BCG). *Based on a poll of registered representatives conducted by Investment Advisor magazine. Broker/dealers rated highest by their representatives are awarded "Broker/Dealer (B/D) of the Year." World T.E.A.M. Sports (WTS) is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization chartered in North Carolina and headquartered in Holbrook, N.Y. Since 1987, WTS has organized athletic events for disabled and able-bodied citizens -- mountain climbing, white water rafting, bicycling and more. Their mission is to change life through sports. WTS uses athletics to challenge people to accomplish goals they once deemed impossible. Through every WTS event, participants with disabilities build their self-confidence and enhance their physical fitness. During athletic challenges, disabled and able-bodied participants learn to work together as a team to overcome physical, emotional and technical challenges. Annual WTS events include: Adventure Team Challenge, Coastal Team Challenge, CanAm Veterans' Challenge, Face of America and Sea to Shining Sea. Image Available: http://www.marketwire.com/library/MwGo/2017/5/5/11G138040/Images/team_ap_foa_2017_bus-56ddbdef2cbb85e9b8d8cc0de91ef073.jpg Image Available: http://www.marketwire.com/library/MwGo/2017/5/5/11G138040/Images/team_ap_practice_foa_2017-13258231d1d1a7d58ad464211c798468.jpg Image Available: http://www.marketwire.com/library/MwGo/2017/5/5/11G138040/Images/FOA_2017_pre_ride-436d27435f5285f7ae1ee94e1b847673.jpg


Despite the mounting research evidence that shows self-management education programs reduce symptoms and improve quality of life, participation in these programs remains low, in part because people simply do not know they exist. The Learn More. Feel Better. campaign was created to address this information gap and raise awareness of self-management education. Launched in Milwaukee in January 2017, people can visit www.cdc.gov/LearnMoreFeelBetter to learn more about self-management education, available class formats, and how to get involved locally. In the Milwaukee area, 50% of the adults identified chronic disease as one of the top community health issues in 2012.2 In addition, more than 79 percent of older adults have one or more chronic health conditions, such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and arthritis, which can directly impact their quality of life.3 "There are hundreds of self-management education programs available in Milwaukee," said Brady. "To better connect with adults with one or more chronic conditions who may be interested in attending these programs, the Learn More. Feel Better. campaign is partnering with local organizations to extend our message and help residents connect with effective self-management education programs." Self-management education programs are available in the Milwaukee area for many chronic conditions. Participants in these programs walk away with the skills and the confidence to help them manage fatigue and stress, cope with symptoms, and adopt healthy lifestyle choices like healthy eating and exercise. Participants in self-management education programs are generally very enthusiastic about their benefits. To learn more about the Learn More. Feel Better. campaign, visit www.cdc.gov/LearnMoreFeelBetter. About the Self-Management Education: Learn More. Feel Better. Campaign To help raise awareness about self-management education programs and ultimately help people feel better, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has launched the Self-Management Education: Learn More. Feel Better. campaign. Through an integrated marketing campaign, CDC seeks to reach people with one or more chronic conditions with information about the importance of self-management education programs and motivate them to learn more about self-management education programs so that they can develop the strategies and confidence necessary to help manage their chronic condition. To learn more about the campaign, visit cdc.gov/LearnMoreFeelBetter. 1 Ward BW, Schiller JS, Goodman RA. Multiple chronic conditions among US adults: a 2012 update. Prev Chronic Dis. 2014;11:130389. DOI :http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd11.130389. 2 Milwaukee County Community Health Survey Report, 2012. http://city.milwaukee.gov/ImageLibrary/Groups/healthAuthors/ADMIN/PDFs/Reports/2012MilwaukeeCommunityHealthSurvey.pdf.  p.162-63. Accessed Dec. 16, 2016. 3 Milwaukee County Department on Aging; E jj Olson & Associates. http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:UWJENrVlpxIJ:county.milwaukee.gov/ImageLibrary/User/lcieslik/FOA_186_documents.pdf+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us. Accessed Nov. 8, 2016. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-helps-milwaukee-residents-with-chronic-conditions-learn-more-and-feel-better-300441238.html


« Samsung Heavy Industries and DNV GL sign partnership for new LNG carrier designs | Main | Nissan Chile delivers fleet of 25 LEAFs to Enel, the country’s largest electricity group » The US Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) will issue two new funding opportunities (FOAs): one to support R&D on advanced nuclear reactor technologies, the other for the development of hybrid fuel cell and engine systems for the ultra-high efficiency conversion of natural gas to electricity. Advanced Modular Reactors. ARPA-E is planning a new R&D program seeking innovative designs of advanced nuclear power plants and computational validations of these designs that can achieve safe, secure, and economical power production. The envisioned program seeks transformative designs and manufacturing technologies to achieve semi-autonomous “walk-away safe” and secure operation; extremely low construction capital costs; and dramatically faster construction and commissioning times based on technologies such as modular assemblies and factory manufacturing. The program seeks cross-disciplinary teams of innovators from the nuclear community and other scientific and engineering disciplines to instill new, creative approaches in solving fundamental challenges in nuclear power plant design, construction, and operation. Success in this program will establish a set of high-fidelity designs of new advanced nuclear reactors and set a path for the US to lead the world in “Gen IV and beyond” nuclear power technologies. Hybrid Systems For Ultra-High Efficiency Conversion Of Natural Gas To Electricity. The objective of this FOA will be to encourage the development of commercial-scale (>100 kW) Distributed Generation (DG) systems that have fuel to electric power conversion efficiencies in excess of 70% on a Lower Heating Value (LHV) basis. ARPA-E anticipates that the deadline for submission of Concept Papers to this FOA will occur 30 days after its issuance. The long-term goal of the program will be to reduce the cost and increase the primary energy efficiency associated with the provision of electric power to commercial and industrial customers. The achievement of the aggressive efficiency (>70%) and installed cost (1 Quad/year of fuel energy savings will require the development of new component technologies and systems approaches for the integration of fuel cells with heat or reactive engines. The primary focus of the FOA will be the development of enabling component and sub-system technologies pertinent to the fuel cell or the engine or both of the sub-systems. Such technologies may include (but are not limited to) novel fuel cell stack designs, cost-effective and high efficiency engine/turbine component designs, highly integrated balance of plant designs, and demonstrations of system controls. If the development of these technologies proceeds at the desired rate, ARPA-E may also continue support through full-scale (≥ 100 kW) hybrid system development.


News Article | December 6, 2016
Site: www.greencarcongress.com

« Nikola Motor unveils prototype Class 8 fuel cell range-extended electric truck, plans for H2 fueling network | Main | Honda to show EV concept with AI emotion engine from joint project with Softbank » The US Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) intends to issue, on behalf of the Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) and the US Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture, a funding opportunity announcement (DE-FOA-0001689) entitled, “Integrated Biorefinery Optimization.” This FOA will support research and development to increase the performance efficiencies of biorefineries resulting in continuous operation and production of biofuels, bioproducts, and biopower at prices competitive with fossil-derived equivalents. This could be accomplished by improvements in ensuring reliable, continuous, robust handling and feeding of solid materials into reactors under various operating conditions; decreased capital and operating expenses by improved separation processes; production of higher-value products from waste or other undervalued streams; and analytical modeling of handling and feeding of solid materials into reactors. Applications that address these challenging operations and convert woody biomass, agricultural residues, dedicated energy crops, algae, municipal solid waste, sludge from wastewater treatment plants, and wet wastes into biofuels, biochemicals, and bioproducts will be considered under this funding opportunity. DOE anticipates that the FOA will include the following areas of interest: EERE envisions awarding multiple financial assistance awards in the form of cooperative agreements. The estimated period of performance for each award will be approximately 36 months.


« SAE J2954 Wireless Charging on track to make decision for WPT 2 (7.7kW) in January; planned commercialization in 2020 | Main | Air Products and NICE sign MOU to work jointly on hydrogen fueling projects in China » The US Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Energy and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) announced (DE-FOA-0001627 NOI) approximately $2 million in federally funded financial assistance for the first phase of cost-shared projects aimed to achieve small-scale production of salable rare earth elements (REEs) from domestic sources of pre-combustion coal and coal by-products. REEs are a series of chemical elements found in the Earth’s crust. Due to their unique chemical properties, REEs have become essential components of many technologies spanning a range of applications including electronics, computer and communication systems, transportation, health care, and national defense. The demand, cost, and availability of REEs have grown significantly over recent years stimulating an emphasis on economically feasible approaches for REE recovery. Since 2014, NETL has been engaged in research to determine the economic feasibility of producing REEs from both domestic coal and coal by-products.


News Article | November 18, 2016
Site: www.greencarcongress.com

« Honda leasing 2017 Clarity Fuel Cell at $369/month, including fuel | Main | Siemens and Stratasys partner to incorporate additive manufacturing into volume production » The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced approximately $30 million in available funding (DE-FOA-0001647), subject to appropriations, for research and development of low-cost hydrogen production, onboard hydrogen storage, and proton exchange membrane fuel cells to advance the widespread commercialization of fuel cell electric vehicles. Selected projects will leverage national lab consortia launched under DOE’s Energy Materials Network (EMN) this past year, in support of DOE’s materials research and advanced manufacturing priorities. The EMN consortia have been established to make unique, world-class capabilities at the national laboratories more accessible to industry, facilitating collaborations that will expedite the development and manufacturing of advanced materials for commercial markets. The fuel cells market is growing rapidly, and has seen an annual growth rate of 30% every year since 2010 as well as $2 billion annual revenue in 2014. Light duty vehicles are an emerging application for fuel cells that already enable 95% lower petroleum consumption per mile than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles. PGM-free Catalyst and Electrode R&D. Applications are invited for novel and innovative concepts that advance the development of PGM-free oxygen reduction electrocatalysts and electrodes for use in PEMFCs, with a primary focus on automotive applications. Applicants should propose 2‐3 year projects for a maximum total DOE funding of $2,000,000. Applications should be at Technology Readiness Levels of 2‐3, and the funding request should be commensurate with the level of work proposed. Proposed cathode catalyst concepts should demonstrate the potential to meet or exceed DOE’s 2020 activity target of 0.044 A/cm2 at 0.9 V in a PEMFC membrane electrode assembly (MEA), which is equivalent to the PGM catalyst activity target of 0.44 A/mg at 0.1 mg /cm2 (this PGM loading describes the cathode catalyst content only), as well as the potential to meet DOE’s 2020 MEA activity and durability targets. The proposed work should include electrode development pathways addressing mass transport limitations potentially imposed by high catalyst loadings and thicknesses, and performance degradation issues at high current densities. The deliverable in this topic is a set of MEAs (6 or more, each with active area ≥50 cm2) that are made available for independent testing and evaluation to ElectroCat. Also, recipients will provide all public data (such as technical data used to support published journal articles) to ElectroCat for curation and hosting. Advanced Water Splitting Materials. This area seeks applications for the discovery and development of novel, advanced water splitting materials systems which will enable meeting the DOE ultimate hydrogen production goal of $2/kg H . This subtopic will focus on advancing the state of the art in durable materials and interfaces for efficient water splitting under real-world operating conditions. Applications are encouraged which integrate theoretical modeling, synthesis, and experimental characterization of the material systems under investigation to advance the scientific understanding of these systems while providing experimental validation of their viability in practical large-scale water splitting. DOE anticipates that these projects would run 2 to 3 years in length for a maximum total DOE funding of $1,000,000, with a quantitative Go/No-Go decision point between each phase. Hydrogen Storage Materials Discovery. This topic will leverage the Hydrogen Materials—Advanced Research Consortium (HyMARC) to address unsolved scientific challenges in the development of viable solid-state materials for hydrogen storage onboard fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). Precursor Development for Low-Cost, High-Strength Carbon Fiber for Use in Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessel Applications. This topic will aim to reduce the cost of onboard hydrogen storage necessary for FCEVs. Applicants for this topic will be encouraged to collaborate with LightMAT, a consortium launched by the DOE Vehicle Technologies Office to enable light-weighting of vehicles through the development of high-strength steels and carbon fiber.


News Article | April 26, 2016
Site: www.greencarcongress.com

« DOE to issue $22.3M funding opportunity for vehicle technologies; MD and HD PEVs, DI propane engine and partner projects | Main | Mitsubishi establishes special external committee to investigate improper fuel economy testing » The US Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) announced up to $30 million in funding for a new program for technologies that use renewable energy to convert air and water into cost-competitive liquid fuels. (DE-FOA-0001562) ARPA-E’s Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-dense Liquids (REFUEL) program seeks to develop technologies that use renewable energy to convert air and water into Carbon Neutral Liquid Fuels (CNLF). The program is focused in two areas: (1) the synthesis of CNLFs using intermittent renewable energy sources and water and air (N and CO ) as the only chemical input streams; and (2) the conversion of CNLFs delivered to the end point to another form of energy (e.g. hydrogen or electricity). REFUEL seeks to develop technologies that convert water and air into CNLFs using chemical or electrochemical processes powered by renewable electricity sources, such as wind and solar. By transforming renewable resources into liquid fuels, renewable power can be stored for longer periods and transported efficiently and inexpensively as liquids via existing infrastructure to consumers. REFUEL also targets technologies that convert CNLFs into electricity or into hydrogen to power zero-emission vehicles. The program’s overall goal is a competitive total cost (including production, transportation, storage, and conversion costs) of delivered (source-to-use) energy (e.g. converted to motive power for transportation) as opposed to the primary energy stored in chemical form below $0.3/kWh—the price needed to be competitive with other carbon-free delivery methods ARPA-E defines source-to-use energy cost as the sum of the fuel production cost (CF), the cost of transportation or transmission from production to the user (CT), and the cost of any storage (CS), divided by the conversion efficiency (η) to account for any losses during the conversion steps. Chemicals, such as hydrocarbons, are effective energy carriers and return the largest fraction of their energy density when delivered via a pipeline. However, fossil fuels are major CO emitters and also drive energy imports. … Because of the inherent difficulties in achieving zero-carbon emissions with fossil fuels in the transportation sector, we must consider new options. The REFUEL program seeks to address these challenges by developing CNLFs that provide a new set of technology options for storing renewable energy in CNLFs, and delivering it economically and effectively when and where it is needed. ARPA-E provided some representative examples of the types of hydrogen-rich liquid fuels that would be responsive to the FOA (only as examples, not as an exhaustive list). These include: Ammonia (NH ). Modern Haber-Bosch plants, using hydrogen generation by SMR, release about 1.6 – 1.8 ton CO per ton of NH of which only 0.95 ton comes from the SMR process and the rest from heating and pressurization needs. Energy consumption for NH production using SMR varies from 7.8 to 10.5 MWh per ton of NH (including feedstock, which accounts for 80% of energy). A potentially greener technology option of using hydrogen from water electrolysis requires 9.5 MWh to make 1 metric ton NH (of which 8.9 MWh comes from hydrogen production, assuming 50.2 kWh/kg H ). Solid-state electrochemical ammonia synthesis, a possible alternative to the Haber-Bosch process, has potentially lower energy input and operational pressure and temperature thus simplifying the balance of plant, and could be cost competitive as long as the reaction rate is significantly increased. Hydrazine hydrate (N H ·H O). This is currently produced by oxidation of ammonia at a large scale (80,000 ton/year globally) and is therefore more expensive than ammonia. However, it has a high energy density (3.56 kWh/L), is easy to handle (freezing point -51.7 °C, flash point 74 °C) and, if low-cost synthetic methods are developed, may fit the technical targets of the FOA. To accomplish wide-scale implementation of CNLFs, technological advances in both the production and conversion of this fuel would need to be achieved. An example of a non-toxic substitute for hydrazine with low carbon footprint is carbohydrazide (CH N O). Carbohydrazide has been used as a fuel in a fuel cell with an OCV 1.65V. Carbon-containing CNLFs. There are numerous examples of carbon-containing CNLFs that would fit APRA-E’s targets synthetic gasoline or diesel fuel, alcohols, and dimethyl ether. The requirements are that the carbon is directly taken from the atmosphere or another sustainable CO source and that the fuel is produced in a one-pot chemical or electrochemical process. Current processes for production of synthetic fuels such as Fischer- Tropsch process are multi-step, very capital intensive and eventually not economical. Reducing the process complexity may allow increased efficiency and lower costs. SBIR/STTR. Under REFUEL, ARPA-E will allocate up to $5 million to small businesses through its Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program, with up to $25 million made available to all applicants.

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