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Amritsar, India

Indubala M.,P.A. College | Bhavesh B.,P.A. College | Sharma K.D.,Durlabji Hospital | Jaya N.,Durlabji Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2011

The term cardiac tamponade describes a condition in which the heart is compressed by an excess of fluid in the pericardial space, with resulting abnormalities of cardiac function. Cardiac tamponade is a rare cause of sudden death. It is difficult to diagnose both in living and dead. In dead diagnosis is difficult at autopsy in absences of external visible injury & in living person the symptoms of cardiac tamponade are non specific. The symptoms relate principally to the secondary circulatory embarrassment. We present the series of cases with cause of death as cardiac tamponade due to diseases & trauma. These cases demonstrate that focus should always to be given to entire vital organs like heart and possibility of tamponade should be kept in mind.

Chakraborty P.,Midnapore Medical College | Das S.,Bankura Sammilani Medical College | Pandey S.K.,FMT
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2011

Liver being an important and highly vascular organ, hepatic injury causes huge blood loss from the body for which the condition of victims becomes grave. So it is important to know which type if force or trauma causes which type of injury and also its extent to the liver. This paper deals with different types of injuries to the liver following trauma of different origin. In case of unnatural death resulting from trauma there are many authors who worked with injuries over different part of the body but a few of them has highlighted over hepatic injuries. That is why we liked to give our attention over hepatic injury. In present study we have dealt with 100 dead bodies with mechanical injuries in Calcutta Police Morgue under Medical College Calcutta during June 2008 to December 2009. This paper can also assist the care givers of the victim with the knowledge of the golden hour of management and also to find out the site of primary injury over liver.

Sachdeva K.,Chintpurni Medical College | Singla R.K.,Government Medical College | Kalsey G.,G.I.D.S. | Sharma G.,FMT
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2011

The sacrum has always attracted the attention of the medico-legal experts for establishing the sex, because of its contribution to pelvic girdle and associated functional sex differences. The present study was performed to evaluate the reliability of the various parameters of sacrum in this regard. The material for the study comprised of 50 adult sacra (M: F= 40:10), obtained from the Department of Anatomy, Govt. Medical College, Amritsar. Different parameters viz. Midventral straight length, Midventral curved length, Ventral straight breadth, Transverse diameter of base, Transverse diameter of body of S 1, Antero-posterior diameter of body of S 1, Breadth of alae were measured and indices viz. Sacral index, Longitudinal curvature index and Corporobasal index were calculated and statistically analyzed. Out of these Midventral straight length, Midventral curved length, Transverse diameter of base, Antero-posterior diameter of body of S 1 and Breadth of alae were found to be significantly more in males while Sacral index was significantly more in females. Corporobasal index was found to be more in females though statistically insignificant.

Kumar S.,Government Medical College | Pathak A.,FMT | Mangal H.M.,PDU Medical College
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2011

Everyday around the world almost 700 people die from the poisoning and several thousands more are affected by poisoning. Poisoning occurs in all regions and countries and affects people in all age and income group. Major occupation in Saurashtra region of Gujarat is farming with majority of population living in rural areas where the cases of accidental and suicidal poisoning are common and incidences are increasing day by day due to the use of pesticides for a wider variety of purposes. A detailed knowledge about the nature and magnitude of the poisoning cases in this particular area is not only important for early diagnosis and prompt treatment but also it may help to form policies to curb the access of the population to certain very toxic substances. The present study was undertaken in the department of Forensic Medicine at Rajkot (Gujarat) to know the pattern of fatal poisoning. Total 208 cases of death due to fatal poisoning were selected for this prospective study, which were brought to us for postmortem examination during the span of one year (From January 2007 to December 2007). Our study revealed that most of the victims of fatal poisoning were Hindus, married males of middle socio-economic status who died due to self ingestion of some poison.

Zariwala R.C.,AMC MET Medical College | Mehta T.J.,FMT | Bhise R.S.,Gitanjali Medical College
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2011

Poisons are known to mankind since time immemorial. Of the various substances used for suicide in India, Organ phosphorous compounds form a significant group as observed by much workers.The study was aimed to generate a baseline data on the epidemiological factors contributing to the incidence and mortality due to O.P. Poisoning. So as to highlight the problem this requires planned and concentrated effort in dealing with it on a broader horizon. Since prevention is the only logical approach there is an urgent need to take appropriate steps to prevent loss of lives. The analysis of the data revealed that 65 cases of O.P. poisoning brought to the mortuary of Smt.NHLMMC, Ahmedabad for medico-legal autopsy, during 5 years period i.e. 1995 to 1999.The age group ranged between10 years to 40 years and above, with maximum incidence between 21-30 years and males outnumbering females. The main mode of poisoning was suicidal by ingestion.

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