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Morris R.,NASA | Johnson M.,Florida Institute for Human and Machine Venable Cognition IHMC | Brent K.,Tulane University
Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International | Year: 2015

Recent increase in interest in using rotorcraft (helicopters and tilt-rotor craft) for public transportation has spurred research in making rotorcraft less noisy, particularly as they land. The ground noise associated with landing trajectories followed by rotorcraft depends in part on the changes in altitude and velocity of the rotorcraft during flight. Acoustic models of ground noise taking altitude and velocity effects into account can be used in an optimization process to determine a set of potentially quieter pilot operations. However, optimizing solely for acoustic properties produces patterns that abstract away from the environment in which the trajectory is flown. A quiet procedure flown over a residential area can create considerable annoyance. To overcome this limitation of acoustic-based optimization we propose a hybrid cost model for optimization that combines acoustic criteria with a land use model that views noise-sensitive areas around landing facilities as weighted obstacles. The result is a 3D route-planning problem with obstacles. We introduce a system, called NORA (Noise Optimization for Rotorcraft Approach) that allows for the computation of trajectories that simultaneously solve for acoustically quiet patterns that also avoid land sensitive areas. © 2015 by the American Helicopter Society International, Inc. Source

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