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Fassel H.,Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical Center
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology | Year: 2016

Despite the advances in oncology, the survival of children with Ewing Sarcoma metastatic at diagnosis continues to be 27% 3-year event-free survival and 34% 3-year overall survival. In other words, 7 of 10 children die within 3 years of their initial diagnosis despite intense chemotherapy, local treatment (radiation/surgery), and/or high dose busulfan-melphalan and autologous stem-cell transplantation. A chief contributor to this morbidity and mortality is the difficulty eradicating the tumor using present therapeutic modalities. Despite the extensive surgery, intensive chemotherapy and radiation, those left with a significant bulk of residual tumor relapse within a year of completing treatment. This case report suggests that in children left with a significant tumor burden after completing chemotherapy, a prolonged period of stability can be achieved with biological agents targeting the underlying molecular drivers. In this particular case we used figitumumab, an antibody targeting the insulin-like growth factor type 1 receptor pathway, a documented target in Ewing Sarcoma. Although not curative, these agents provide a better quality of life. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

van der Hoorn M.L.P.,Leiden University | Lashley E.E.L.O.,Leiden University | Bianchi D.W.,Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical Center | Claas F.H.J.,Leiden University | And 2 more authors.
Human Reproduction Update | Year: 2010

Background: Egg donation (ED) makes it possible for subfertile women to conceive. Pregnancies achieved using ED with unrelated donors are unique, since the entire fetal genome is allogeneic to the mother. The aims of this review were to evaluate the consequences of ED pregnancies and to place them in the special context of their atypical immunologic relationships. Methods: This review comprised an online search of English language publications listed in Pubmed/Medline, up to 29 January 2010. Seventy-nine papers met inclusion criteria. Using the literature and the authors' own experience, the relevant data on pregnancy outcome and complications, placental pathology and immunology were evaluated. Results: Multiple studies document that ED pregnancies are associated with a higher incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension and placental pathology. The incidence of other perinatal complications, such as intrauterine growth restriction, prematurity and congenital malformations, is comparable to conventional IVF. During pregnancy, both local and systemic immunologic changes occur and in ED pregnancies these changes are more pronounced. There is almost no information in the literature on the long-term complications of ED pregnancies for the mother. Conclusions: ED pregnancies have a higher risk of maternal morbidity. Owing to the high degree of antigenic dissimilarity, ED pregnancies represent an interestingmodel to study complex immunologic interactions, as the fully allogeneic fetus is not rejected but tolerated by the pregnant woman. Knowledge of the immune system in ED pregnancies has broader significance, as it may also give insight into immunologic aspects of tolerance in solid organ transplantation. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved.

Dammann O.,Tufts University | Dammann O.,Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical Center | Dammann O.,Hannover Medical School | Leviton A.,Neuroepidemiology Unit
Pediatric Research | Year: 2014

Exposure to perinatal infection and inflammation is associated with an increased risk for neonatal brain damage and developmental disabilities. In this integrated mechanism review, we discuss evidence in support of the contention that the preterm newborn is capable of intermittent or sustained systemic inflammation (ISSI), which appears to contribute more to adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants than does shorter duration inflammation. Copyright © 2014 International Pediatric Research Foundation, Inc.

De Oliveira S.K.F.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Pelajo C.F.,Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical Center
Current Infectious Disease Reports | Year: 2010

Despite more than a decade of studying pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection (PANDAS), it is still not possible to confirm its existence and whether it is a poststreptococcal autoimmune disorder. Many controversies remain: The diagnostic criteria have not been validated, evidence of autoimmunity remains inconclusive, evidence of a genetic predisposition is weak, and streptococcal infections are common in childhood and could represent only a trigger of exacerbations of tics and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Patients who fit the PANDAS criteria appear to represent a subgroup of children with chronic tic disorder and/or obsessive-compulsive disorder who may experience symptom exacerbations after group A β-hemolytic streptococci infections; however, those infections are not the sole or even the most common antecedent of exacerbations. There is not enough evidence to support PANDAS as a unique clinical entity. © The Author(s) 2010.

Kallish S.,Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical Center | Kaplan P.,Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia
European Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2013

Almost half of patients with Gaucher disease are diagnosed by the age of 10 years, and approximately two thirds are diagnosed by the age of 20 years. Besides symptomatic children, some presymptomatic children are being diagnosed through community screening programs and because of affected siblings. In addition, it is anticipated that in the near future, newborn screening for lysosomal diseases such as Gaucher disease will be introduced in the USA, identifying additional pre/nonsymptomatic children. Currently, there is no severity scoring system for children. A validated disease severity scoring system in the pediatric Gaucher population will be essential for classifying disease severity in these children, monitoring their disease progression, making decisions about when to treat them, and monitoring disease improvement with therapy. A severity scoring system will also be helpful in comparing therapeutic options as new therapies are designed. Therefore, a Pediatric Gaucher Severity Scoring System (PGS3) was devised using expert opinion and validated in 26 patients with type 1 Gaucher disease. The PGS3 correlates well with disease severity in patients at diagnosis and over time. Conclusion: A practical system that will help clinical management, based on signs and symptoms in children with type 1 Gaucher disease, is presented. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

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