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Prasad M.N.V.,University of Hyderabad | Freitas H.,University of Coimbra | Fraenzle S.,International Graduate School IHI Zittau | Wuenschmann S.,Fliederweg 17 | Markert B.,International Graduate School IHI Zittau
Environmental Pollution | Year: 2010

Bioremediation using biotechnology and biodiversity - a multiscale approach. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Klos A.,University of Opole | Rajfur M.,University of Opole | Waclawek M.,University of Opole | Waclawek W.,University of Opole | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Environment and Health | Year: 2010

We examined the concentration of selected metals: Al, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb, as well as activity of 137Cs in samples of moss and lichen, collected in the area surrounding Bory Stobrawskie, a wood complex situated in southern Poland. The concentration of metals was determined by atomic absorption spectrometry. The activity of 137Cs was determined by gamma spectrometry. We used these results, as well as results published in the literature, to determine the correlation between the concentration of analytes in lichens and in mosses. The analysis of the function ln(cx,moss) = lna + bln(cx,lichen) indicated with high degree of certainty that the concentration levels of analytes accumulated in lichens and mosses were comparable, while their difference, expressed as crelat. = 2 (cx,lichen - cx,moss) (cx,lichen + cx,moss)-1, could indicate the origins of the analytes. The relations, presented here for the first time, can find application in biomonitoring. Copyright © 2010 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Source

Markert B.,Fliederweg 17 | Wuenschmann S.,Fliederweg 17 | Fraenzle S.,International Graduate School Zittau | Graciana Figueiredo A.M.,Brazilian Nuclear Energy Research Institute (IPEN) | And 2 more authors.
Environmental Pollution | Year: 2011

After considering the particular problems of atmospheric pollution in megacities, i.e. agglomerations larger than 5 mio. inhabitants, with urbanization of World's population going on steadily, possibilities of active biomonitoring by means of green plants are discussed. Based on specific definitions of active and passive bioindication the chances of monitoring heavy metals in Sao Paulo megacity were demonstrated (first results published before). This is to show that there is need for increased use of bioindication to tackle the particular problems of megacities concerning environmental "health", the data to be processed according to the Multi-Markered-Bioindication-Concept (MMBC). Comparison to other work shows this approach to be reasonable. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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