Samoy E.,Flemish Government |
Waterplas L.,rue Berckendael 92
Alter | Year: 2012
Wage subsidies are an important form of active labour market policy in many countries. This article draws on general, mostly economic research literature to discuss the main types and dimensions and the pros and cons of wage subsidies, and their relevance for targeted schemes for disabled people. An historical overview of employer-side schemes for disabled people in Belgium and Flanders illustrates the wide range of possible schemes. Some interesting studies of such schemes from Australia, Sweden, Denmark and specifically Flanders are reviewed. Crucial aspects of scheme design such as the assessment method used in the eligibility process and subsidy duration are linked to the conceptualisation of disability and Organisation of economic cooperation and development (OECD) recommendations in an attempt to provide some guidance on designing schemes which are tailored to the needs of disabled people and employers. © 2012 Association ALTER.
Vranken L.,Catholic University of Leuven |
Van Turnhout P.,Catholic University of Leuven |
Van Den Eeckhaut M.,Catholic University of Leuven |
Vandekerckhove L.,Flemish Government |
Poesen J.,Catholic University of Leuven
Science of the Total Environment | Year: 2013
Several regions around the globe are at risk of incurring damage from landslides, but only few studies have concentrated on a quantitative estimate of the overall damage caused by landslides at a regional scale. This study therefore starts with a quantitative economic assessment of the direct and indirect damage caused by landslides in a 2910km2 study area located west of Brussels, a low-relief region susceptible to landslides. Based on focus interviews as well as on semi-structured interviews with homeowners, civil servants and the owners and providers of lifelines such as electricity and sewage, a quantitative damage assessment is provided. For private properties (houses, forest and pasture land) we estimate the real estate and production value losses for different damage scenarios, while for public infrastructure the costs of measures to repair and prevent landslide induced damage are estimated. In addition, the increase in amenity value of forests and grasslands due to the occurrence of landslides is also calculated. The study illustrates that a minority of land (only 2.3%) within the study area is used for dwellings, roads and railway lines, but that these land use types are responsible for the vast majority of the economic damage due to the occurrence of landslides. The annual cost of direct damage due to landsliding amounts to 688,148€/year out of which 550,740€/year for direct damage to houses, while the annual indirect damage augments to 3,020,049€/year out of which 2,007,375€/year for indirect damage to real estate. Next, the study illustrates that the increase of the amenity value of forests and grasslands outweighs the production value loss. As such the study does not only provide quantitative input data for the estimation of future risks, but also important information for government officials as it clearly informs about the costs associated with certain land use types in landslide areas. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Dimou A.,Ghent University |
De Vocht L.,Ghent University |
Van Grootel G.,Flemish Government |
Van Campe L.,Flemish Government |
And 3 more authors.
Procedia Computer Science | Year: 2014
The Open Access movement and the research management can take a new turn if the research information is published as Linked Open Data. With Linked Open Data, the management of the research information within institutions and across institutions can be facilitated, the quality of the available data can be improved and their availability to the public is assured. However, it can be difficult for non-expert users to take advantage of the interlinked information offered by Linked Open Data as they lack of in-depth knowledge. In this paper, we present a use case of publishing research metadata as Linked Open Data and creating interactive visualizations to support users in analyzing the Flemish research landscape. © 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Langhans C.,Catholic University of Leuven |
Govers G.,Catholic University of Leuven |
Diels J.,Catholic University of Leuven |
Leys A.,Flemish Government |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Hydrology | Year: 2011
Many infiltration models rely on an effective hydraulic conductivity parameter (Ke) which is often determined in the field from rainfall simulation experiments on small plots. Ke can be defined as the spatially averaged infiltration capacity when the soil is 'field-saturated' and steady state is reached. Then it equals the infiltration rate (f), provided ponding occurs. When a homogeneous surface is assumed, with negligible ponding depth, Ke is constant and does not vary with rainfall intensity (r). We developed a drop infiltrometer that allows measuring Ke on small plots under simulated rainfall intensities that vary between experiments. Infiltration experiments were conducted on a winter wheat field in the Belgian Loess Belt and various surface and soil properties were measured. Furthermore, photos were taken of the soil surface during the infiltration experiments for the determination of the inundated surface fraction. The results of the experiments show that Ke is strongly dependent on rainfall intensity. In a statistical approach a dynamic Ke could be estimated with a function of rainfall intensity, tillage treatment, percentage residue cover and bulk density. Observations indicate that microtopography, surface fraction covered by a sedimentary seal and macroporosity interact with rainfall intensity, surface ponding and infiltration. We propose that Ke in physically based infiltration models should either be made dependent on dynamic state variables in a mechanistic way, such as ponding depth and water content or made dependent on rainfall intensity using an empirical relationship. With such adaptations, both surface runoff and erosion models might have more potential to deal with scale effects in runoff generation. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
PubMed | Flemish Government, Ghent University and Belgium Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research
Type: | Journal: Journal of environmental management | Year: 2016
PubMed | Flemish Institute for Technological Research, Provincial Institute for Hygiene, Ghent University, University of Southern Denmark and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genomics | Year: 2014
A repeated measures microarray design with 22 healthy, non-smoking volunteers (aging 325years) was set up to study transcriptome profiles in whole blood samples. The results indicate that repeatable data can be obtained with high within-subject correlation. Probes that could discriminate between individuals are associated with immune and inflammatory functions. When investigating possible time trends in the microarray data, we have found no differential expression within a sampling period (within-season effect). Differential expression was observed between sampling seasons and the data suggest a weak response of genes related to immune system functioning. Finally, a high number of probes showed significant season-specific expression variability within subjects. Expression variability increased in springtime and there was an association of the probe list with immune system functioning. Our study suggests that the blood transcriptome of healthy individuals is reproducible over a time period of several months.
PubMed | Flemish Institute for Technological Research, Hasselt University, Ghent University, Belgian Interregional Environment Agency IRCEL and 3 more.
Type: | Journal: Environmental health perspectives | Year: 2016
Particulate matter (PM) exposure leads to premature death, mainly due to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.Identification of transcriptomic biomarkers of air pollution exposure and effect in a healthy adult population.Microarray analyses were performed in 98 healthy volunteers (48 men, 50 women). The expression of 8 sex-specific candidate biomarker genes (significantly associated with PMAverage long-term PMExpression of the sex-specific candidate genes identified in the discovery population predicted PM
News Article | September 14, 2016
An international team of physicists, led by researchers at the University of Arkansas, has observed spontaneous mechanical buckling in freestanding graphene using scanning tunneling microscopy, indicating it has potential to be a new electronic power source. The discovery advances the understanding of graphene, a two-dimensional material that is a mere single atom in thickness, and its potential role in the development of next-generation electronic devices. The research team published its findings in Physical Review Letters, the journal of the American Physical Society. The discovery was also highlighted on the society’s Physics news site. The researchers used scanning tunneling microscopy, which produces images of individual atoms on a surface, to demonstrate the spontaneous mechanical buckling. The finding opens a new field of research in the study of dynamic behavior of freestanding two-dimensional materials controlled by scanning tunneling microscopy, says Paul Thibado, professor of physics at the U of A who led the study. “Freestanding graphene is constantly in motion,” Thibado says. “It moves up and down like a buoy bobbing in the ocean. The bobbing motion is intermittently interrupted when the material flips from looking like the inner part of a bowl to the outer part of the bowl — that high velocity, snap-through movement is known as mechanical buckling.” The researchers found that the buckling movement correlates to a phenomenon known as a “Lévy flight,” named for the French mathematician Paul Lévy. Lévy flight refers to a random walk process in which long excursions occur with higher statistical probabilities than a normal system in constant random motion. Lévy flights are common in biological systems and accurately model animal foraging patterns. The phenomenon hasn’t been observed at the atomic-scale with an inorganic system until this study, Thibado says, making it possible to predict and control long excursion events. “Buckling events in 2D materials hold the key to understanding the phenomenon of Levy flights,” he says. Freestanding graphene’s continuous motion, augmented by the high kinetic energy of these random inversions, could be converted into electrical current and used in place of batteries to power small electronic devices, Thibado says. There is an urgent need for the development of power sources other than batteries, especially as wireless sensor networks that connect non-computer objects to the internet grows. Such wireless sensor networks are collectively known as the Internet of Things, such as running shoes that provide performance feedback to an athlete or a “smart” irrigation system that monitors and reports moisture levels of distant fields. Surendra Singh, professor of physics at the U of A and a co-author of the study, helped identify the connection between Lévy flights and the statistical properties of the system. Co-author Pradeep Kumar, assistant professor of physics at the U of A, provided insight into developing the molecular dynamics simulation, which proved that the mechanism for the long excursions was mechanical buckling. The study was conducted primarily through a research partnership between the U of A and the University of Antwerp in Belgium. The results were obtained through a collaborative effort with U of A physics graduate Matthew Ackerman and Mehdi Neek-Amal and Francois Peeters of the University of Antwerp. The research was funded by the U.S. Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Flemish Science Foundation, and Methusalem Foundation of the Flemish Government.
News Article | January 8, 2016
Home > Press > Imec and Cloudtag Collaborate on High Quality Frictionless Wearables for Lifestyle Coaching: Next-generation health and fitness tracker Cloudtag TrackTM launched at CES 2016 Abstract: Cloudtag (CTAG:LN), the company that brings accurate data and personalization to the health, wellbeing and fitness markets, and imec, the world-leading nanoelectronics research center, today presented the first results of their collaboration on accurate frictionless wearable health solutions. Cloudtag TrackTM , a new wearable fitness tracker, that was launched today at CES 2016, combines fitness and health monitoring with design, to pave the way to innovation in fitness wearables as well as in the care, cure and prevention cycle by providing immediate access to accurate medical data and personalized feedback. Within the framework of their collaboration, imec develops algorithms for CloudTags wearable sensor devices that enable accurate monitoring of physiological parameters. At CES 2016, CloudTag has launched the Cloudtag TrackTM, its first wearable multisensor device. The Cloudtag TrackTM stands out among other wearable devices due to its unique combination of high user comfort with unparalleled data quality. The light and ultra-small device integrates imecs proprietary algorithm that retrieves physiological parameters with an exceptionally high level of accuracy. Imecs algorithm accurately recognizes activity, measures energy expenditure, heart rate and other physiological data. Cloudtag TrackTM can be tailored to match different needs and blends reliable technology with frictionless usability to improve the user experience and to help increase adoption. Cloudtag TrackTM gives immediate, accurate and personalized feedback on ones lifestyle, enabling the individual to put unhealthy habits into perspective while persuading lifestyle changes to adopt healthier diet and activity habits. Imec and Holst Centre develop ultra-small low-power, high-quality sensors and specialized algorithms that turn data into valuable knowledge, paving the way to next generation wearables that offer medical quality data monitoring in a frictionless way. These sophisticated wearables can support doctors in diagnosis and follow-up of illnesses, and they offer a huge opportunity in illness prevention by serving as a virtual personal coach, stated Chris Van Hoof, program director of imecs wearable health program. Our collaboration with Cloudtag is an exciting example of how imecs technology can support the industry in realizing the next generation of wearable devices. "I am extremely pleased with this collaboration with imec, as I believe this firmly validates the joint work we are doing and the future of our relationship, commented Amit Ben-Haim, CloudTag CEO. This is underscored by the results of the collaboration, and in particular, the accuracy of imecs algorithms to retrieve physiological parameters which provides us with a unique selling point. I look forward to our continued collaboration and to future product development. About IMEC Imec performs world-leading research in nanoelectronics. Imec leverages its scientific knowledge with the innovative power of its global partnerships in ICT, healthcare and energy. Imec delivers industry-relevant technology solutions. In a unique high-tech environment, its international top talent is committed to providing the building blocks for a better life in a sustainable society. Imec is headquartered in Leuven, Belgium, and has offices in Belgium, the Netherlands, Taiwan, US, China, India and Japan. Its staff of about 2,200 people includes almost 700 industrial residents and guest researchers. In 2014, imec's revenue (P&L) totaled 363 million euro. Further information on imec can be found at www.imec.be. Stay up to date about whats happening at imec with the monthly imec magazine, available for tablets and smartphones (as an app for iOS and Android), or via the website www.imec.be/imecmagazine Imec is a registered trademark for the activities of IMEC International (a legal entity set up under Belgian law as a "stichting van openbaar nut), imec Belgium (IMEC vzw supported by the Flemish Government), imec the Netherlands (Stichting IMEC Nederland, part of Holst Centre which is supported by the Dutch Government), imec Taiwan (IMEC Taiwan Co.) and imec China (IMEC Microelectronics (Shanghai) Co. Ltd.) and imec India (Imec India Private Limited). About CloudTag CloudTag Inc (CTAG:LON) is a London Stock Exchange AIM listed company bringing accurate, medical-grade technology to the consumer health, wellbeing and fitness markets. CloudTag brings together world leaders in nano-electronics, medical technology, exercise and sport science, software development, mobile commerce and data analysis. CloudTags first product - a wearable fitness tracker that measures heart rate, energy expenditure, steps and many other metrics and can be worn on both the wrist and the chest - is founded on ten years of medical research, bringing proprietary sensoring technology both contact and contactless sensors to market and will be initially targeted at the weight loss and fitness markets. About Holst Centre Holst Centre is an independent open-innovation R&D centre that develops generic technologies for Wireless Autonomous Transducer Solutions and for Systems-in-Foil. A key feature of Holst Centre is its partnership model with industry and academia around shared roadmaps and programs. It is this kind of cross-fertilization that enables Holst Centre to tune its scientific strategy to industrial needs. Holst Centre was set up in 2005 by imec (Flanders, Belgium) and TNO (The Netherlands) with support from the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs and the Government of Flanders. It is named after Gilles Holst, a Dutch pioneer in Research and Development and first director of Philips Research. Located on High Tech Campus Eindhoven, Holst Centre benefits from the state-of-the-art on-site facilities. Holst Centre has over 180 employees from around 28 nationalities and a commitment from more than 45 industrial partners. Visit us at www.holstcentre.com For more information, please click If you have a comment, please us. Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.
Imec, Belgium, announces the opening of its new 4000-square-meter cleanroom facility dedicated to scaling IC technology beyond 7nm, bringing the total floor space of its semiconductor research cleanrooms to 12,000 square meters. Extending the existing cleanroom, the new facility complies with the newest standards in the semiconductor industry, and provides additional space for the most advanced tools that will lead innovations in new device and system concepts. Installations of the first tools began in January 2016. The new 300mm cleanroom complements Imec's other production facilities, including its bio-nanolabs, neuroelectronics labs, imaging-wireless-electronics test labs, photovoltaic pilot lines, and GaN-on-Si, silicon photonics, and MEMS pilot lines. "Since our founding in 1984, Imec has become the world's largest independent nanoelectronics research center with the highest industry commitment," stated Luc Van den hove, president and CEO at Imec. "This success is the result of the unique combination of our broad international partner network, including the major global players of the semiconductor industry, top scientific and engineering talent, and imec's one of a kind infrastructure. The extension of our cleanroom provides our partners with the necessary resources for continued leading edge innovation and imec's success in the future within the local and global high-tech industry." The new cleanroom comprises a total investment (building and equipment) of more than $1.1 billion, of which $112 million was from the Flemish Government and more than $1 billion consists of investments from joint R&D with the leading players from the entire semiconductor industry, totaling more than 90 industrial partners.