Flamac

Zwijnaarde, Belgium
Zwijnaarde, Belgium

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Lutz A.,Vrije Universiteit Brussel | Van Den Berg O.,SIM Vzw | Van Den Berg O.,Ghent University | Van Damme J.,Ghent University | And 5 more authors.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces | Year: 2015

Self-healing polymer coatings are a type of smart material aimed for advanced corrosion protection of metals. This paper presents the synthesis and characterization of two new UV-cure self-healing coatings based on acrylated polycaprolactone polyurethanes. On a macroscopic scale, the cured films all show outstanding mechanical properties, combining relatively high Young's modulus of up to 270 MPa with a strain at break above 350%. After thermal activation the strained films recover up to 97% of their original length. Optical and electron microscopy reveals the self-healing properties of these coatings on hot dip galvanized steel with scratches and microindentations. The temperature-induced closing of such defects restores the corrosion protection and barrier properties of the coating as shown by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and scanning vibrating electrode technique. Therefore, such coatings are a complementary option for encapsulation-based autonomous corrosion protection systems. © 2014 American Chemical Society.


Even J.,CNRS Foton Laboratory | Pedesseau L.,CNRS Foton Laboratory | Durand O.,CNRS Foton Laboratory | Modreanu M.,Tyndall National Institute | And 3 more authors.
Thin Solid Films | Year: 2013

The SrCu2O2 material is a p-type transparent conductive oxide. A theoretical study of the SrCu2O2 crystal is performed with a state of the art implementation of the Density Functional Theory. The simulated crystal structure is compared with available X-ray diffraction data and previous theoretical modeling. Density Functional Perturbation Theory is used to study the vibrational properties of the SrCu 2O2 crystal. A symmetry analysis of the optical phonon eigenvectors at the Brillouin zone center is proposed. The Raman spectra simulated using the derivatives of the dielectric susceptibility, show a good agreement with Raman scattering experimental results.


Brady M.A.,University of Kiel | Brady M.A.,Imperial College London | Renzing A.,University of Kiel | Douglas T.E.L.,University of Kiel | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology | Year: 2015

There are relatively few nanotechnologies that can produce nanocomposite scaffolds for cell growth. Electrospinning has emerged as the foremost method of producing nanofibrous biomimetic scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. In this study diamond nanoparticles were integrated into a polymer solution to develop a nanocomposite scaffold containing poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) loaded with diamond nanoparticles. To investigate the effect of adding diamond nanoparticles to PLGA scaffolds, primary human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were seeded on the scaffolds. The cytocompatibility results showed that addition of diamond nanoparticles did not impinge upon cell proliferation, nor was there a cytotoxic cellular response after 9 days in culture. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and confocal microscopy enabled qualitative characterization of the fibres and revealed cell morphology and number. Furthermore, surface roughness was measured to evaluate diamond nanoparticle modifications, and no significant difference was found between the diamond nanocomposite and pure polymer scaffolds. On the other hand, bright spots on phase images performed by atomic force microscopy suggested a higher hardness at certain points on fibers of the PLGA-nanodiamond composites, which was supported by nanoindentation measurements. This study shows that PLGA nanofibers can be reinforced with nanodiamond without adversely affecting cell behaviour, and thus it sets the foundation for future application of these scaffolds in bone tissue engineering. Copyright © 2015 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.


Even J.,INSA Rennes | Pedesseau L.,INSA Rennes | Modreanu M.,Tyndall National Institute | Huyberechts G.,FLAMAC | And 4 more authors.
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering | Year: 2013

Transparent conducting metal oxides (TCO) are unusual semiconducting materials displaying transparency to visible light. TCO materials are used for electrostatic shielding, antistatic screens, transparent heating devices, solar cells and even organic light emitting diodes. However, most TCOs are n-type, while p-type TCOs are scarce. SrCu2O2 is a leading candidate as a p-type transparent conductive oxide. In this paper, we report theoretical calculations and experimental studies on the vibrational, optical and microstructural properties of both bulk and thin films of polycrystalline undoped SrCu2O2 obtained by pulsed laser deposition (PLD). Barium doping of the SrCu2O2 by substitution of Sr atoms is also reported. The simulated crystal structures of both SrCu 2O2 and BaCu2O2 materials, obtained through a state-of-the-art implementation of the Density functional theory, are compared with experimental X-ray diffraction data of undoped and Ba-doped SrCu2O2 bulk materials. Raman spectra of both SCO and BCO materials are simulated from the derivatives of the dielectric susceptibility and a symmetry analysis of the optical phonon eigenvectors at the Brillouin zone center is proposed. Good agreement with Raman scattering experimental results is demonstrated. © 2013 SPIE.


Majoros L.I.,TU Eindhoven | Dekeyser B.,Recticel N.V. | Haucourt N.,Recticel N.V. | Castelein P.,Flamac | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry | Year: 2011

High-throughput experimentation (HTE) represents a promising and versatile approach for polyurethane (PU) research as a tool to rapidly screen and characterize a large number of samples in an automated way. To realize a unique HTE workflow for the research and development of PU elastomers (PUEs), the use of parallel automated formulation and coating platforms at Flamac were explored. To evaluate the applicability of HTE for PUEs, four different PU systems were investigated with different reactivities and viscosities. All prepared PUEs were evaluated by conventional physical testing methods measuring the E-modulus, tensile-elongation and the hardness properties revealing similar trends as conventionally prepared PUEs indicating the viability of the HTE approach. In addition, the properties of the PUEs were also investigated using downscaled microtensile bars as well as depth-sensing indentation, again, revealing similar trends. With this proof of principle study, we demonstrated for the first time that HTE can also be extended to polymeric materials based on high reactive and viscous raw materials in combination with complex technologies. The reported results provide a basis for the use of HTE approaches for preparing, screening and characterizing large numbers of PUEs for R&D purposes. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Sarmadian N.,University of Antwerp | Saniz R.,University of Antwerp | Partoens B.,University of Antwerp | Lamoen D.,University of Antwerp | And 3 more authors.
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics | Year: 2014

We present a high-throughput computing scheme based on density functional theory (DFT) to generate a class of oxides and screen them with the aim of identifying those that might be electronically appropriate for transparent conducting oxide (TCO) applications. The screening criteria used are a minimum band gap to ensure sufficient transparency, a band edge alignment consistent with easy n- or p-type dopability, and a minimum thermodynamic phase stability to be experimentally synthesizable. Following this scheme we screened 23 binary and 1518 ternary bixbyite oxides in order to identify promising candidates, which can then be a subject of an in-depth study. The results for the known TCOs are in good agreement with the reported data in the literature. We suggest a list of several new potential TCOs, including both n- and p-type compounds. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014.

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