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An H.S.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Lee J.-H.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Dong C.M.,Biotechnology Research Institute | Noh J.K.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | And 6 more authors.
Genes and Genomics | Year: 2010

Seven new microsatellite markers were developed for the Pacific abalone (Haliotis discus hannai, Haliotidae), and allelic variability was compared between a wild population and a hatchery population in Yeosu, Korea. All loci amplified readily and demonstrated allelic variability, with the number of alleles ranging from 6 to 15 in the wild population and from 3 to 12 in farmed populations. Average observed and expected heterozygosities were estimated at 0.65 and 0.77 in the hatchery samples, and 0.79 and 0.87 in the wild samples. These results indicated lower genetic variability in the hatchery population, as compared with the wild population and significant genetic differentiation between the wild population and the hatchery samples (FST=0.055, p<0.001). These microsatellite loci may be valuable for future population genetic studies and for tracking hatchery samples used in stock enhancement programs. © The Genetics Society of Korea and Springer 2010. Source


An H.S.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Kim H.Y.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Kim J.B.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Chang D.S.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | And 4 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2014

The spotted sea bass, Lateolabrax maculatus, is an important commercial and recreational fishery resource in Korea. Aquacultural production of this species has increased because of recent resource declines, growing consumption, and ongoing government-operated stock release programs. Therefore, the genetic characterization of hatchery populations is necessary to maintain the genetic diversity of this species and to develop more effective aquaculture practices. In this study, the genetic diversity and structure of three cultured populations in Korea were assessed using multiplex assays with 12 highly polymorphic microsatellite loci; 144 alleles were identified. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 6 to 28, with an average of 13.1. The mean observed and expected heterozygosities were 0.724 and 0.753, respectively. Low levels of inbreeding were detected according to the inbreeding coefficient (mean FIS = 0.003-0.073). All hatchery populations were significantly differentiated from each other (overall fixation index (FST) = 0.027, P < 0.01), and no population formed a separate cluster. Pairwise multilocus FST tests, estimates of genetic distance, mantel test, and principal component analyses did not show a consistent relationship between geographic and genetic distances. These results could reflect the exchange of breeds and eggs between hatcheries and/or genetic drift due to intensive breeding practices. For optimal resource management, the genetic variation of hatchery stocks should be monitored and inbreeding controlled within the spotted sea bass stocks that are being released every year. This genetic information will be useful for the management of both L. maculatus fisheries and the aquaculture industry. © FUNPEC-RP. Source

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