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Yan J.-Q.,Affiliated Hospital of Shaoyang Medical College | Tan C.-Z.,First Peoples Hospital of Shaoyang City | Tan C.-Z.,University of South China | Wu J.-H.,Nanhua University | And 8 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2013

To investigate the effects of neopterin on ABCA1 expression and cholesterol efflux in human THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells, and to explore the role of the liver X receptor alpha (LXRα) involved. In the present study, THP-1 cells were pre-incubated with ox-LDL to become foam cells. The protein and mRNA expression were examined by Western blot assays and real-time quantitative PCR, respectively. Liquid scintillation counting and high performance liquid chromatography assays were used to test cellular cholesterol efflux and cholesterol content. Neopterin decreased ABCA1 expression and cholesterol efflux in a time- and concentration-dependent manner in THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells, and the LXRα siRNA can reverse the inhibitory effects induced by neopterin. Neoterin has a negative regulation on ABCA1 expression via the LXRα signaling pathway, which suggests the aggravated effects of neopterin on atherosclerosis. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Wei L.-C.,Central South University | Wei L.-C.,First Peoples Hospital of ShaoYang City | Lei G.-H.,Central South University | Sheng P.-Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Orthopaedic Research | Year: 2012

To investigate whether platelet-rich plasma (PRP) when used with allograft bone improves the management outcome of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Over a 7-year period, all displaced type III calcaneal fractures admitted in our department (276 fractures in 254 patients) were randomly divided into three groups according to the plan of management: autograft alone (n = 101), allograft combined with PRP (n = 85), or allograft alone (n = 90). Radiographic imaging and three-dimensional computed tomography were used to assess the thalamic portion, Bohler's angle, the crucial angle of Gissane, and the height, width and length of the calcaneum. The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hind-foot scoring system was used to evaluate the hind foot function at 12, 24, and 72 months postsurgery. At 12 months no significant difference existed in outcome amongst the treatment groups (p > 0.05). However, at 24 and 72 months the results of the autograft, and the allograft combined with PRP, were similar and both were significantly better than that of the allograft alone (p < 0.05). PRP augmented the favorable outcome of allografts in the management of displaced calcaneal fractures, and matched that of autograft used alone. The findings of this study thus support the clinical use of PRP in conjunction with allograft in the treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. © Copyright © 2012 Orthopaedic Research Society.


Wei L.-C.,Central South University | Wei L.-C.,First Peoples Hospital of ShaoYang City | Gao S.-G.,Central South University | Xu M.,Central South University | And 3 more authors.
Medical Science Monitor | Year: 2012

The white-white tears (meniscus lesion completely in the avascular zone) are without blood supply and theoretically cannot heal. Basal research has demonstrated that menisci are unquestionably important in load bearing, load redistribution, shock absorption, joint lubrication and the stabilization of the knee joint. It has been proven that partial or all-meniscusectomy results in an accelerated degeneration of cartilage and an increased rate of early osteoarthritis. Knee surgeons must face the difficult decision of removing or, if possible, retaining the meniscus; if it is possible to retain the meniscus, surgeons must address the difficulties of meniscal healing. Some preliminary approaches have progressed to improve meniscal healing. However, the problem of promoting meniscal healing in the avascular area has not yet been resolved. The demanding nature of the approach as well as its low utility and efficacy has impeded the progress of these enhancement techniques. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a platelet concentration derived from autologous blood. In recent years, PRP has been used widely in preclinical and clinical applications for bone regeneration and wound healing. Therefore, we hypothesize that the application of platelet-rich plasma for white-white meniscal tears will be a simple and novel technique of high utility in knee surgery. © Med Sci Monit, 2012.


Gao S.G.,Central South University | Cheng L.,Central South University | Zeng C.,Central South University | Wei L.C.,Central South University | And 6 more authors.
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage | Year: 2013

Objective: We undertook this study to determine whether thrombin-cleaved osteopontin (OPN) in synovial fluid (SF) represents a useful marker of osteoarthritis (OA) progression in the posterior cruciate ligament transection (PCLT) OA rabbit model. Method: PCLT was performed on the right knee joints of 48 rabbits. The rabbits were then sacrificed separately at 4, 8, 16, and 24 weeks post-surgery, when the joint was harvested and macroscopic and histological assessments of articular cartilage were performed. Thrombin-cleaved OPN product in SF was determined using Western blotting and the levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunoassay. Results: The macroscopic and histological scores for PCLT knees were already elevated 4 weeks after surgery and increased with time. Western blotting showed the presence of thrombin-cleaved OPN in SF from PCLT knees. Thrombin-cleaved OPN levels in SF were elevated at 4 weeks (P < 0.001) and were elevated peaking at 24 weeks (P < 0.00001) after PCLT compared to baseline. A positive significant correlation was found between thrombin-cleaved OPN levels and the macroscopic scores (8 weeks: ρ = 0.695, P = 0.012; 16 weeks: ρ = 0.751, P = 0.005; 24 weeks: ρ = 0.660, P = 0.020). Furthermore, the same correlation was noted between thrombin-cleaved OPN levels and the histological scores (4 weeks: ρ = 0.609, P = 0.036; 8 weeks: ρ = 0.662, P = 0.019; 16 weeks: ρ = 0.827, P = 0.001; 24 weeks: ρ = 0.813, P = 0.001). Conclusion: In this rabbit model of PCLT, thrombin-cleaved OPN levels in SF appear to provide a useful marker of OA disease severity and progression. © 2012 .

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