Ge Z.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Ben Q.,Shanghai University |
Qian J.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Wang Y.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Li Y.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong
European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2011
AIM: Increasing evidence suggests that a history of diabetes may be involved in the development of various sites of cancer. However, the association of diabetes and risk of gastric cancer (GC) remains unclear. METHODS: We identified studies by a literature search of MEDLINE (from 1 January 1966), Web of Science (from 1 January 1994), and EMBASE (from 1 January 1974 through 31 May 2011), and by searching the reference lists of pertinent articles. All data were extracted independently by two investigators using a standardized data abstraction tool. Summary relative risks (SRRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated with a random-effects model. Between-study heterogeneity was assessed using the Cochran's Q and I 2 statistics. RESULTS: A total of 21 studies (four case-control studies, 17 cohort studies) were included in this meta-analysis. Analysis of these 21 studies found that compared with nondiabetic individuals, diabetic individuals had a similar risk of GC (SRRs, 1.09; 95% CI: 0.98-1.22). There was strong evidence of heterogeneity among these studies (P<0.001, I 2=81.2%). A subgrouped analysis found that diabetic women had 18% increased risk of GC (SRRs, 1.18; 95% CI: 1.01-1.39), whereas it was not the case with diabetic men. No significant public bias was found in this study. CONCLUSION: These findings of this systematic review indicate that compared with nondiabetic individuals, diabetic women have an 18% increased risk of GC development. However, diabetic men have a similar risk of GC. © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams &Wilkins.
Qian J.,Nanjing Medical University |
Ye F.,Nanjing Medical University |
Zhang J.,Nanjing Medical University |
Yang Y.-M.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
And 6 more authors.
Helicobacter | Year: 2012
Aims: To compare the efficacy and the adverse effects of levofloxacin-containing triple therapy, standard sequential therapy, and levofloxacin-containing sequential therapy as first-line treatment for Helicobacter pylori eradication. Methods: Three hundred and forty-five naive H. pylori-positive patients were randomized to receive levofloxacin-containing 7-day triple therapy (Levo triple, i.e., esomeprazole, 20 mg, twice daily, amoxicillin, 1 g, twice daily, and levofloxacin, 500 mg, once daily for 7 days, n = 114), standard sequential therapy (SST-10, 5-day esomeprazole, 20 mg, twice daily and amoxicillin, 1 g, twice daily followed by 5-day esomeprazole, 20 mg, twice daily, clarithromycin, 500 mg, twice daily and tinidazole, 500 mg, twice daily for 5 days, n = 115) or levofloxacin-containing sequential therapy (Levo-ST-10, 5-day esomeprazole, 20 mg, twice daily and amoxicillin, 1 g, twice daily for 5 days followed by 5-day esomeprazole, 20 mg, twice daily, levofloxacin, 500 mg, once daily and tinidazole, 500 mg, twice daily, n = 116). Eradication was confirmed by a 13C-urea breath test 4 weeks after completion of treatment. Results: Intention to treat (ITT) eradication rates were 78.1% (95% CI: 69.4, 85.3%), 78.3% (95% CI: 69.6, 85.4%), and 82.8% (95% CI: 74.6, 89.1%) for Levo triple, SST-10, Levo-ST-10, respectively (p = .599). Per protocol (PP) eradication rates were 80.9% (95% CI: 72.3, 87.8%), 82.6% (95% CI: 74.1, 89.2%), and 86.5% (95% CI: 78.7, 92.2%), respectively, for the three therapies (p = .513). Overall, 3.8% experienced mild to moderate adverse events; the rates were 1.75, 4.35, and 5.17%, respectively, in the three groups (p = .325). Conclusions: Standard sequential therapy and 7-day levofloxacin triple therapy produced unacceptably therapeutic efficacy in China. Only levofloxacin-containing sequential therapy achieved borderline acceptable result. None of the regimens tested reliably achieved 90% or greater therapeutic efficacy in China. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Lin G.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Huang J.-F.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Lu H.-H.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Shi L.-S.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology | Year: 2012
Purpose To reduce X-ray radiation injury, we investigated the relation between projection positions and X-ray radiation doses when a coronary sinus mapping electrode was placed. Methods There were 400 patients in whom a coronary sinus mapping electrode was placed for intracardiac electrophysiologic examination or radio-frequency catheter ablation in our hospital between 1 June 2008 and 31 May 2011. The doctors who placed the coronary sinus mapping electrode and the projection positions including posteroanterior, left anterior oblique 45°, and right anterior oblique 30° projection positions were randomly selected. X-ray doses were recorded when the coronary sinus mapping electrode was placed, and then, these were compared between the three projection positions. Results The X-ray dose was significantly lower in the right anterior oblique 30° projection position (50.01±11.38 mGy) than in the posteroanterior projection position (68.05± 18.85 mGy, q012.924, p00.000) and the left anterior oblique 45° projection position (71.66±16.95 mGy, q015.214, p0 0.000). There were no statistical significances in X-ray doses between the posteroanterior and the left anterior oblique 45° projection positions (p00.066) and different operators (p00.985). Conclusion Based on the results of this study, we suggest that in placing the coronary sinus mapping electrode, the right anterior oblique 30° projection position should be first adopted because it can allow the electrode to be easily placed and reduce the X-ray radiation dose as much as possible. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.
Zhao G.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Jin H.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Wu H.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong
Cardiology in the Young | Year: 2011
We describe a case of transcatheter occlusion of a large and tortuose coronary artery fistula in an 8-year-old girl. During 2.5 years of follow-up, she had no complaints and developed normally. This method of reserving the guide wire in cardiac catheterisation is extremely useful. Through the application of a patent ductus arteriosus occluder, the transcatheter closure of coronary artery fistulas proves to be a safe, feasible, and cost-effective option to surgery. © 2010 Cambridge University Press.
Zuo H.-N.,Yantai Hill Hospital of Yantai |
Wang Z.-L.,Yantai Hill Hospital of Yantai |
Cui D.-R.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Xin D.-J.,Yantai Hill Hospital of Yantai
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2014
The present meta-analysis of relevant case-control studies was conducted to investigate the possible relationships between genetic variations in the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) gene clusters of the human KIR gene family and susceptibility to ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The following electronic databases were searched for relevant articles without language restrictions: the Web of Science, the Cochrane Library Database, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases, covering all papers published until 2013. STATA statistical software was adopted in this meta-analysis as well. We also calculated the crude odds ratios (OR) and its 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI). Seven case-control studies with 1,004 patients diagnosed with AS and 2,138 healthy cases were implicated in our meta-analysis, and 15 genes in the KIR gene family were also evaluated. The results of our meta-analysis show statistical significance between the genetic variations in the KIR2DL1, KIR2DS4, KIR2DS5 and KIR3DS1 genes and an increased susceptibility to AS (KIR2DL1: OR 7.82, 95 % CI 3.87-15.81, P< 0.001; KIR2DS4: OR 1.91, 95 % CI 1.16-3.13, P = 0.010; KIR2DS5: OR1.51, 95 % CI 1.14-2.01, P = 0.004; KIR3DS1: OR 1.58, 95 % CI 1.34-1.86, P< 0.001; respectively). However, we failed to found positive correlations between other genes and susceptibility to AS (all P >0.05). The current meta-analysis provides reliable evidence that genetic variations in the KIR gene family may contribute to susceptibility to AS, especially for the KIR2DL1, KIR2DS4, KIR2DS5 and KIR3DS1 genes. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media.
Zhao C.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Ge Z.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Wang Y.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Qian J.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong
European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2012
Aim Cholecystectomy has been suggested as a risk factor for colorectal cancer. However, the association of cholecystectomy and the risk of colorectal adenoma (CRA) remains unclear. We conducted a meta-analysis of observational studies to explore this relationship. Methods We identified studies by a literature search of MEDLINE and EMBASE through 30 September 2011, and by searching the reference lists of pertinent articles. Summary relative risks (SRRs) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated with a random-effects model. Between-study heterogeneity was assessed using Cochran's Q statistic and the I 2. Results A total of 10 studies (including 4061 CRA cases) were included in this meta-analysis. Analysis of these 10 studies found that no effect of cholecystectomy on the risk of CRAs was shown (SRR, 1.17; 95% CI: 0.93-1.48), with no significant heterogeneity among these studies (P heterogeneity = 0.106, I 2 = 37.9%). This null association was seen in both men and women (men: SRR= 1.00, 95% CI: 0.58-1.73; women: SRR =1.39, 95% CI: 0.95-2.04). Conclusion The results of this meta-analysis suggest that there is no positive association between previous cholecystectomy and the risk of CRA development in both men and women. © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
He H.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Tao Y.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Chen X.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Qiu H.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
And 3 more authors.
Chinese Medical Journal | Year: 2014
Background: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common complication of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although alveolar hypoxia is considered as a main cause of PH in COPD, structural and functional changes of pulmonary circulation are apparent at the initial stage of COPD. We hypothesized that an inflammatory response and oxidative stress might contribute to the formation of PH in COPD. Methods: We measured the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and 8-iso-prostaglandin (8-iso-PSG) in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and serum in 40 patients with COPD only or in 45 patients with COPD combined with PH. Pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP) was assessed by Doppler echocardiography and defined as PH when the value of systolic pressure was greater than 40 mmHg. Results: Compared with the COPD only group, the level of IL-6 in EBC was significantly increased in all 45 patients with COPD combined with PH ((8.27±2.14) ng/L vs. (4.95±1.19) ng/L, P <0.01). The level of IL-6 in serum was also elevated in patients with COPD combined with PH compared with the COPD only group ((72.8±21.6) ng/L vs. (43.58±13.38) ng/L, P <0.01). Similarly, we also observed a significant increase in the level of 8-iso-PSG in both EBC and serum in the COPD with PH group, compared with the COPD only group (EBC: (9.00±2.49) ng/L vs. (5.96±2.31) ng/L, P <0.01 and serum: (41.87±9.75) ng/L vs. (27.79±11.09) ng/L, P <0.01). Additionally, the value of PASP in the PH group was confirmed to be positively correlated with the increase in the levels of IL-6 and 8-iso-PSG in both EBC and serum (r=0.477-0.589, P <0.05). Conclusion: The increase in the levels of IL-6 and 8-iso-PSG in EBC and serum correlates with the pathogenesis of PH in COPD.
Ding W.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Zhuo C.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Ming Z.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
Chen Z.,First Peoples Hospital of Nantong |
And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2013
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking has been shown to cause many nonpulmonary cancers, including those of liver, pancreas and bladder. However, results of epidemiologic studies examining the association between smoking and gallbladder cancer (GBC) have been mixed. To clarify the association of cigarette smoking and GBC, we performed a meta-analysis of observational studies. METHODS: A literature search was performed using Medline (from 1 January 1966) and Embase (from 1 January 1974), through 31 January 2012, and by manually searching the reference lists of pertinent articles. Summary relative risks (SRRs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated with a random-effects model. RESULTS: A total of 11 articles (10 case-control and one prospective cohort studies) were used in this meta-analysis, which is based on a total of 1178 GBC cases. Analysis of 11 studies found that smokers had an increased risk of GBC development, compared with nonsmokers (SRRs 1.45, 95% CIs, 1.11-1.89). There was moderate heterogeneity among studies (Q=18.15, P=0.052, I =44.9%). These increased risks were independent of alcohol use and a history of gallstones. No significant publication bias was found. CONCLUSION: Although the current evidence supports a positive link between cigarette smoking and risk of gallbladder cancer, additional population-based studies, particularly cohort studies, are needed before definitive conclusions can be drawn. © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
PubMed | First Peoples Hospital of Nantong
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhongguo dang dai er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of contemporary pediatrics | Year: 2015
To evaluate the psychological state of children with epilepsy and analyze its influencing factors.The Mental Health Scale for Child and Adolescent was used to survey 113 children with epilepsy and 114 normal children to evaluate and compare their psychological state. Questionnaires were used to investigate the general status of all subjects and the disease condition and treatment of children with epilepsy. The possible influencing factors for the psychological state of children with epilepsy were analyzed.The mental health status of children with epilepsy was poorer than that of normal children in cognition, thinking, emotion, will-behavior, and personality traits (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that family education, family relations, seizure frequency, seizure duration, EEG epileptiform discharges in the last six months, and number of types of antiepileptic drugs were correlated with the psychological state of children with epilepsy.There is a wider range of psychological health problems in children with epilepsy than in normal children. Poor family living environment, poor seizure control, and use of many antiepileptic drugs are the risk factors affecting the psychological state of children with epilepsy. Improving family living environment, controlling seizures, and monotherapy help to improve the psychological state of children with epilepsy.
PubMed | Nanjing Medical University and First Peoples Hospital of Nantong
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences | Year: 2016
To assess the value of endobronchial ultrasound elastography in the diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar lymph node metastasis in lung cancer. A total of 40 patients with lung cancer underwent ultrasonic bronchoscope examination before operation. Elastography and standard endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) of lymph nodes were performed before EBUS-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). The elastography characteristics was compared between benign and malignant lymph nodes. The diagnosis accuracy in malignant lymph nodes was also compared between the elastography and the standard EBUS. The value of the elastography was assessed in distinguishing the benign and malignant lymph nodes.1) The significant indicators of standard EBUS in diagnosis of malignant lymph nodes were hypoechonic nodes, uneven echo, distinct boundary and short diameter greater than 1 cm (all P<0.01). 2) There was significant difference in the elastosonography grading score between benign and malignant lymph nodes (P<0.01). 3) The elastography grading score was more sensitive and specific in determining the malignant lymph node than the standard EBUS criteria. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was maximal when the elastography grading score was 2.5. The specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value of elastography grading score was 76.9%, 85.7%, 85.7% and 76.9% in distinguishing malignant and benign nodes. The overall accuracy of elastography grading score was 82.3%. The combination of elastography grading score, low echo, distinct boundary and short diameter greater than 1 cm showed the best diagnostic efficiency value. The AUC was 0.911. In distinguishing malignant and benign nodes, the specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of the combined indexes was 84.6%, 88.1%, 90.2%, and 81.5% respectively. The overall accuracy was 86.8%.The endobronchial ultrasound elastography can effectively distinguish the mediastinal and hilar lymph node metastasis in lung cancer. The diagnosis accuracy of elastography in malignant lymph node is higher than that of standard EBUS criteria. The combination of elastosonography grading score and standard EBUS criteria can improve the diagnostic efficiency.