First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang
First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang
Zhang L.,Bengbu Medical College |
Li N.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang |
Yan H.C.,Bengbu Medical College |
Jiang H.,Second Peoples Hospital of Changzhou |
Fang X.J.,Bengbu Medical College
Oncology Research and Treatment | Year: 2017
Background: Abnormal expression of some CD44 molecules in tumor tissues can induce the degradation of the extracellular matrix, and is closely associated with axillary lymph node metastasis, angiogenesis, cancer progression, and drug resistance. Patients and Methods: We measured and confirmed the expression of CD44st and MMP2 mRNAs and proteins in the cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues of postoperative non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with either adenocarcinoma (n = 72) or squamous cell carcinoma (n = 53) using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, gene sequencing, and immunohistochemical analysis. Results: CD44st and MMP2 expression were closely associated with the histopathological classification, lymph node metastasis, and TNM stage of the tumors, and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). The median overall survival (OS) for the high CD44st expression group was 30.52 months (95% confidence interval (CI) 24.02-36.15); for the low expression group it was 43.23 months (95% CI 31.81-52.02) (p = 0.020). The median OS for the high MMP-2 expression group was 30.53 months (95% CI 26.69-33.31); for the low expression group it was 40.06 months (95% CI 33.55-46.45) (p = 0.022). Conclusion: The rates of CD44st and MMP2 expression were higher in squamous cell carcinomas than in adenocarcinomas, were closely associated with lymph node metastasis and TNM stage, and affected patients' prognoses. © 2017 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg. Copyright: All rights reserved.
Yang D.,Nanjing University |
Yang D.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang |
Xu J.-H.,Nanjing University |
Shi R.-J.,Nanjing University |
Shi R.-J.,Jiangsu Province Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Bioscience Reports | Year: 2017
Wound healing is the main problem in the therapy of anal fistula (AF). Daphne genkwa root has been traditionally used as an agent to soak sutures in operation of AF patients, but its function in wound healing remains largely unclear. The aim of the present study was to illuminate mechanisms of D. genkwa root treatment on AF. In the present study, 60 AF patients after surgery were randomly divided into two groups, external applied with or without the D. genkwa extractive. Wound healing times were compared and granulation tissues were collected. In vitro, we constructed damaged human skin fibroblasts (HSFs) with the treatment of TNF-α (10 μg/ml). Cell Count Kit-8 (CCK-8) and flow cytometry analysis were used to determine the effects of D. genkwa root extractive on cell viability, cell cycle and apoptosis of damaged HSFs. Furthermore, protein levels of TGF-β, COL1A1, COL3A1, Timp-1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 (MMP-3) and MEK/ERK signalling pathways were investigated both in vivo and in vitro. Results showed that D. genkwa root extractive greatly shortens the wound healing time in AF patients. In granulation tissues and HSFs, treatment with the extractive significantly elevated the expressions of COL1A1, COL3A1, Timp-1, c-fos and Cyclin D1, while reduced the expression of MMP-3. Further detection presented that MEK/ERK signalling was activated after the stimulation of extractive in HSFs. Our study demonstrated that extractive from D. genkwa root could effectively improve wound healing in patients with AF via the up-regulation of fibroblast proliferation and expressions of COL1A1 and COL3A1. © 2017 The Author(s).
Xiao B.-X.,Peking Union Medical College |
Xiao B.-X.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang |
Feng L.,Peking Union Medical College |
Cao F.-R.,Peking Union Medical College |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology | Year: 2016
Ethnopharmacological relevance Traditional Chinese medicine Radix Puerariae, the roots of Pueraria lobata (Wild.) Ohwi., has been widely used for the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in China for centuries. Isoflavonoids are believed the active components of this herb. Aim of this study The present study aims to investigate the brain penetration and pharmacokinetics of five active isoflavonoids in the ventricular CSF and plasma of rats after intravenous administration of a Pueraria isoflavonoids (PIF) extract, to better understand the active components of this herb for neuro-activities. Material and methods Under anesthesia condition, SD rats (n=6) were successively suffered two surgeries for implanting cannulas at lateral ventricle and right jugular vein for brain microdialysis and blood collection, respectively. After recovery, the rats received intravenous dose of PIF at 80 mg/kg and the concentrations of puerarin (PU), 3′-methoxypuerarin (MPU), 3′-hydroxypuerarin (HPU), daidzein (DA) and daidzein-8-C-apiosyl-(1-6)-glycoside (DAC) in the ventricular dialysate and plasma samples were determined using a ultra-fast liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method. Results Complete concentration versus time profiles of the five components in plasma and four components except for HPU in ventricular CSF were obtained. After dosing, the average C0 values of PU, MPU, DA, DAC and HPU in plasma were estimated 6.53, 13.72, 1.54, 15.84 and 86.07 μg/mL, and PU, MPU, DA and DAC were rapidly penetrated to the brain and reached to their Cmax of 521.52, 415.00, 74.34 and 380.03 ng/mL in CSF at about 0.5-0.8 h, respectively. The elimination t1/2 of PU, DA and DAC in CSF and plasma were no significant difference, while the t1/2 of MPU in ventricular CSF was longer than that in plasma which may attributable to the different physiological environment of central and peripheral compartments. The brain penetration index (AUCCSF/AUCplasma) was found to be about 9.29, 7.25, 11.96, and 4.21% for PU, MPU, DA, and DAC respectively. Conclusion PU, MPU, DA, DAC can quickly penetrate to the brain through the blood brain barrier (BBB) and might be responsible for the neuro-pharmacological activities of P. lobata. © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Shi W.,Jiangsu Union Vocational Technical Institute |
Fang D.,Jiangsu Union Vocational Technical Institute |
Zhao Y.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2016
Objective: To explore the role and mechanisms of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3PUFAs) alone or in combination with dexamethasone (DEX) in inducing cell apoptosis and reversing drug resistance in multiple myeloma (MM). Methods: DEX-resistant MM cell line MM1R was treated with different concentrations of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) alone or in combination with DEX for 24 or 48 h. Cell proliferation was detected byMTT assay. Cell cycle and apoptosis weremeasured by flow cytometry. Expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins were analyzed by Western blot. Two-tailed, unpaired Student's t-test was used to compare the two treatment groups. A value of P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: MM1R proliferation was inhibited by different concentrations (10, 20, 50, and 100 μM) of EPA or DHA alone or in combination with 10 μM DEX in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The inhibition effect was significantly higher in combinative groups than in single EPA or DHA treatment group (P=0.014, P=0.032). The percentage of G0/G1 phase and cell apoptosis rate in MM1R treated with different concentrations of EPA or DHA alone increased in a dosedependent manner. This percentage was also significantly higher in the combinative groups than in the single EPA or DHA treatment group (P=0.015, P=0.004). The expression levels of cleaved caspase-3 and Bax were upregulated, whereas those of pro-caspase-3 and BCL-2 were downregulated in a dose-dependent manner. Drug resistance gradually decreased in MM1R cells at different concentrations of EPA or DHA with the increase of drug concentration. The reversal fold also increased gradually, whereas the cells decreased in the two drug-combination groups compared with the single-drug group. Moreover, the drug-resistance reversal index increased significantly. Conclusion: ω-3PUFAs can inhibit DEX-resistant MMcell proliferation, arrest cell cycle, and induce cell apoptosis. ω-3PUFAs also exhibit a synergistic anti-resistant effect in combination with DEX. Furthermore, ω-3PUFAs can serve as novel effective drugs for MM treatment.
Liu B.,Xuzhou Medical College |
Jiang X.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2015
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is an important member of the STAT family of signaling proteins. STAT3 is widely expressed in different types of cells and tissues and is involved in many physiological and pathological processes, including cell growth, proliferation, apoptosis, and malignant transformation. Over recent years, increased attention has been given on the role of STAT3 in tumor angiogenesis and radiation sensitivity. Studies show that on the one hand, following activation, STAT3 promotes angiogenesis by directly regulating the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and then causes radiation resistance. On the other hand, STAT3 indirectly promotes angiogenesis by activating hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), thus producing radiotherapy tolerance. Moreover, STAT3 can directly or by HIF-1α indirectly regulate CyclinD1 expression, thus rapidly promoting cell progression through G1 into the S phase of the cell cycle and enhancing cell proliferation. In addition to regulating the cell cycle, CyclinD1 plays a key role in radiation sensitivity. Results suggest that STAT3 plays a role in tumor angiogenesis and radiation resistance via direct and indirect mechanisms. In this review, we summarize recent research advances on the role of STAT3 in regulating tumor angiogenesis and radiation sensitivity.
Yang H.,Peking University |
Zhang C.,Peking University |
Zhou Q.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang |
Wang Y.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang |
Chen L.,Peking University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015
Objectives A better dosing strategy can improve clinical outcomes for patients. We sought to compare the extended or continuous infusion with conventional intermittent infusion of piperacillin/ tazobactam, investigating which approach is better and worthy of recommendation for clinical use. Methods Articles were gathered from PubMed, Web of Science, ProQuest, Science Direct, Cochrane, two Chinese literature databases (CNKI, Wan Fang Data) and related ICAAC and ACCP conferences. Randomized controlled and observational studies that compared extended or continuous infusion with conventional intermittent infusion of piperacillin/tazobactam were identified from the databases above and analyzed. Two reviewers independently extracted and investigated the data. A meta-analysis was performed using Revman 5.2 software. The quality of each study was assessed. Sensitivity analysis and publication bias were evaluated. Results Five randomized controlled trials and nine observational studies were included in this study. All included studies had high quality and no publication bias was found. Compared to the conventional intermittent infusion approach, the extended or continuous infusion group had a significantly higher clinical cure rate (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.29-2.73, P = 0.0009) and a lower mortality rate (OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.50-0.89, P = 0.005). No statistical difference was observed for bacteriologic cure (OR 1.40, 95% CI 0.82-2.37, P = 0.22) between the two dosing regimens. The sensitivity analysis showed the results were stable. Conclusions Our systematic review and meta-analysis suggested that the extended or continuous infusion strategy of piperacillin/tazobactam should be recommended for clinical use considering its higher clinical cure rate and lower mortality rate in comparison with conventional © 2015 Yang et al.
Chen Y.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang |
Jiang S.,Jiangsu Union Technical Institute |
Wu Y.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2016
Hypertensive patients in neurosurgery are becoming more common, which increased the risk of surgical stress response. Meanwhile, the relationship between hypertension and anesthesia methods is unclear on the stress response. The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of different anesthesia methods on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP), blood glucose, and leucocyte levels in neurosurgical patients with hypertension or normal. Eighty neurosurgical patients were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=20): balanced anesthesia group (A), balanced anesthesia with hypertension group (B), total intravenous anesthesia group (C), total intravenous anesthesia with hypertension group (D). The levels of Hs-CRP, blood glucose, leucocyte count, and neutrophil percentage and were detected at before anesthesia (T0), during anesthesia (T1), 2hours post anesthesia (T2), 24hours post anesthesia (T3). Patients with hypertension had higher Hs-CRP expression, blood glucose, and neutrophil percentage at time T0 than those of normal, but not leucocyte count. At time T3, patients with hypertension in D group had lower Hs-CRP expression than those in B group (P<0.01). Patients with normal in C group had lower Hs-CRP expression (P<0.01), blood glucose (P<0.05), and leukocyte count (P<0.05) than those in A group. Both hypertension history and anesthesia method had significant effects on the Hs-CRP expression, blood glucose, and leukocyte count. Total intravenous anesthesia decreases Hs-CRP expressions more efficiently than balanced anesthesia in neurosurgical patients with hypertension or normal. Moreover, total intravenous anesthesia can availably reduce the perioperative stress response by attenuating the increase of blood glucose and leukocyte count in normal tensive patients. Copyright © 2016 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All.
Zhuang M.,Nanjing Medical University |
Zhuang M.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang |
Gao W.,Nanjing Medical University |
Xu J.,Nanjing Medical University |
And 2 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2014
The lncRNA H19 has been recently shown to be upregulated and play important roles in gastric cancer tumorigenesis. However, the precise molecular mechanism of H19 and its mature product miR-675 in the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer remains unclear. In this study, we found that miR-675 was positively expressed with H19 and was a pivotal mediator in H19-induced gastric cancer cell growth promotion. Subsequently, the tumor suppressor Runt Domain Transcription Factor1 (RUNX1) was confirmed to be a direct target of miR-675 using a luciferase reporter assay and Western blotting analyses. A series of rescue assays indicated that RUNX1 mediated H19/miR-67-induced gastric cancer cell phenotypic changes. Moreover, the inverse relationship between the expression of RUNX1 and H19/miR-675 was also revealed in gastric cancer tissues and gastric cancer cell lines. Taken together, our study demonstrated that the novel pathway H19/miR-675/RUNX1 regulates gastric cancer development and may serve as a potential target for gastric cancer therapy. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Inc.
Zhou Y.,Jiangsu University |
Zhou Y.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang |
Xu H.,Jiangsu University |
Xu H.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang |
And 12 more authors.
Stem Cell Research and Therapy | Year: 2013
Introduction. Administration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) or secreted microvesicles improves recovery from acute kidney injury (AKI). However, the potential roles and mechanisms are not well understood. In the current study, we focused on the protective effect of exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSC-ex) on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in vivo and in vitro. Methods. We constructed cisplatin-induced AKI rat models. At 24 h after treatment with cisplatin, hucMSC-ex were injected into the kidneys via the renal capsule; human lung fibroblast (HFL-1)-secreted exosomes (HFL-1-ex) were used as controls. All animals were killed at day 5 after administration of cisplatin. Renal function, histological changes, tubular apoptosis and proliferation, and degree of oxidative stress were evaluated. In vitro, rat renal tubular epithelial (NRK-52E) cells were treated with or without cisplatin and after 6 h treated with or without exosomes. Cells continued to be cultured for 24 h, and were then harvested for western blotting, apoptosis and detection of degree of oxidative stress. Results: After administration of cisplatin, there was an increase in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr) levels, apoptosis, necrosis of proximal kidney tubules and formation of abundant tubular protein casts and oxidative stress in rats. Cisplatin-induced AKI rats treated with hucMSC-ex, however, showed a significant reduction in all the above indexes. In vitro, treatment with cisplatin alone in NRK-52E cells resulted in an increase in the number of apoptotic cells, oxidative stress and activation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) pathway followed by a rise in the expression of caspase 3, and a decrease in cell multiplication, while those results were reversed in the hucMSCs-ex-treated group. Furthermore, it was observed that hucMSC-ex promoted cell proliferation by activation of the extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 pathway. Conclusions: The results in the present study indicate that hucMSC-ex can repair cisplatin-induced AKI in rats and NRK-52E cell injury by ameliorating oxidative stress and cell apoptosis, promoting cell proliferation in vivo and in vitro. This suggests that hucMSC-ex could be exploited as a potential therapeutic tool in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. © 2013 Zhou et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Zhu Q.,Jiangsu University |
Zhang X.,Jiangsu University |
Zhang L.,Jiangsu University |
Li W.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang |
And 7 more authors.
Cell Death and Disease | Year: 2014
Emerging evidence indicate that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) affect tumor progression by reshaping the tumor microenvironment. Neutrophils are essential component of the tumor microenvironment and are critically involved in cancer progression. Whether the phenotype and function of neutrophils is influenced by MSCs is not well understood. Herein, we investigated the interaction between neutrophils and gastric cancer-derived MSCs (GC-MSCs) and explored the biological role of this interaction. We found that GC-MSCs induced the chemotaxis of neutrophils and protected them from spontaneous apoptosis. Neutrophils were activated by the conditioned medium from GC-MSCs with increased expression of IL-8, TNFa, CCL2, and oncostatin M (OSM). GC-MSCs-primed neutrophils augmented the migration of gastric cancer cells in a cell contactdependent manner but had minimal effect on gastric cancer cell proliferation. In addition, GC-MSCs-primed neutrophils prompted endothelial cells to form tube-like structure in vitro. We demonstrated that GC-MSCs stimulated the activation of STAT3 and ERK1/2 pathways in neutrophils, which was essential for the functions of activated neutrophils. We further revealed that GC-MSCs-derived IL-6 was responsible for the protection and activation of neutrophils. In turn, GC-MSCs-primed neutrophils induced the differentiation of normal MSCs into cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). Collectively, our results suggest that GC-MSCs regulate the chemotaxis, survival, activation, and function of neutrophils in gastric cancer via an IL-6-STAT3-ERK1/2 signaling cascade. The reciprocal interaction between GC-MSCs and neutrophils presents a novel mechanism for the role of MSCs in remodeling cancer niche and provides a potential target for gastric cancer therapy.