First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital

Fucheng, China

First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital

Fucheng, China

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Luo H.-M.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Hu S.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Zhou G.-Y.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Bai H.-Y.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Burns | Year: 2013

Background: The aim of this study was to examine whether administration of ulinastatin inhibits pro-inflammatory mediators and ameliorate visceral vasopermeability both in a rat model of major burn, and also in rat cultured endothelial cells stimulated with permeability-evoking mediators. Methods: Plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP), myeloperoxidase (MPO), microvascular permeability, and water content of organ tissues were evaluated in a rodent model of a 55% TBSA full-thickness scald injury. Microvascular permeability was also evaluated with a cultured pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMECs) monolayer after stimulation with trypsin, bradykinin, histamine, prostaglandin E2 and burn serum. Results: We found that the plasma levels of TNF-α, CRP, MPO, vascular permeability and water content of heart, lung, kidney, and small intestine tissues were significantly increased in animals after scald injury, and administration of ulinastatin lowered the levels TNF-α, CRP, MPO, vascular permeability and water content of those organ tissues. In vitro, ulinastatin lowered the levels of TNF-α, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and attenuated permeability in PMEC monolayers after being stimulated with burn serum or trypsin, but not by bradykinin, histamine or prostaglandin E2. Conclusions: These results indicate that ulinastatin attenuates the systemic inflammatory response and visceral vasopermeability both in vivo and vitro, and may serve as a therapeutic agent for prevention of systemic inflammatory response and leakage of fluid into tissue after major burn. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.


Hu S.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Liu W.-W.,Armed Police General Hospital of Peoples Liberation Army | Zhao Y.,Armed Police General Hospital of Peoples Liberation Army | Lin Z.-L.,Armed Police General Hospital of Peoples Liberation Army | And 4 more authors.
Burns | Year: 2014

Aim To investigate alteration in intestinal absorption during enteral resuscitation with pyruvate-enriched oral rehydration solution (Pyr-ORS) in scalded rats. Methods To compare pyruvate-enriched oral rehydration solution (Pyr-ORS) with World Health Organisation oral rehydration solution (WHO-ORS), 120 rats were randomly divided into 6 groups and 2 subgroups. At 1.5 and 4.5 h after a 35% TBSA scald, the intestinal absorption rate, mucosal blood flow (IMBF), Na+-K+-ATPase activity and aquaporin-1 (AQP-1) expression were determined (n = 10), respectively. Results The intestinal Na+-K+-ATPase activity, AQP-1 expression and IMBF were markedly decreased in scald groups, but they were profoundly preserved by enteral resuscitation with WHO-ORS and further improved significantly with Pyr-ORS at both time points. Na+-K+-ATPase activities remained higher in enteral resuscitation with Pyr-ORS (Group SP) than those with WHO-ORS (Group SW) at 4.5 h. AQP-1 and IMBF were significantly greater in Group SP than in Group SW at both time points. Intestinal absorption rates of water and sodium were obviously inhibited in scald groups; however, rates were also significantly preserved in Group SP than in Group SW with an over 20% increment at both time points. Conclusion The Pyr-ORS may be superior to the standard WHO-ORS in the promotion of intestinal absorption of water and sodium during enteral resuscitation. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI.


Hu S.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Ma L.,Armed Police General Hospital of Peoples Liberation Army | Luo H.-M.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Lin Z.-L.,Armed Police General Hospital of Peoples Liberation Army | And 5 more authors.
Shock | Year: 2014

Aims: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of pyruvate-containing fluids on peritoneal resuscitation (PR), following intravenous fluid resuscitation from hemorrhagic shock (HS) in rats. Methods: One hundred rats following 1-h HS with mean arterial pressure 35 ± 5 mmHg were randomly assigned to five groups (n = 10) in each of two comparable sets: group VR: intravenous resuscitation (VR) only and four groups with PR after VR: groups NS, LA, P1, and P2, resuscitated with normal saline, lactated peritoneal dialysis solution (PDS), pyruvated PDS, and 2.2% pyruvate, respectively. The splanchnic blood flow on surfaces of liver, kidney, and intestinal mucosa was detected. Blood samples were taken before HS and at T180 or T360 in these two animal sets after hemorrhage for function tests of liver, kidney, and intestinal mucosa, respectively. The intestinal mucosal barrier protein: zonula occludens 1 (ZO-1) and tissue water contents of these organs were also determined. Results: Splanchnic blood flow was significantly preserved in all PR groups with hyperosmolar solutions: group P1 and group P2 with pyruvate were more advantageous than group LA. Group P2 was the most efficient among groups in reverse of visceral hypoperfusion. Organ function and tissue water contents of liver, kidney, and intestine and the intestinal barrier ZO-1 density were also improved in group P1 and group P2, compared with group LA. Among organs, the pyruvate protection of intestinal mucosa was the most apparent by reversing splanchnic blood flow and diamine oxidase close to reference ranges with the highest ZO-1 density. Group P2 showed the most pyruvate protection in all test parameters among four groups with PR. Conclusions: Peritoneal resuscitation with hyperosmolar fluids attenuated visceral vasoconstriction and splanchnic hypoperfusion and improved the intestinal barrier protein and organ function following conventional fluid resuscitation from severe HS in rats. Pyruvate was superior to lactate in PDS as PR fluids, and 2.2% pyruvate was the optimal fluid in PR. Copyright © 2014 by the Shock Society.


Hu S.,First Hospital Affiliated to the PLA General Hospital | Zhao Z.-K.,First Hospital Affiliated to the PLA General Hospital | Liu R.,Fifth Hospital of Harbin | Wang H.-B.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | And 6 more authors.
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2015

AIM: To investigate whether electroacupuncture ST36 activates enteric glial cells, and alleviates gut inflammation and barrier dysfunction following hemorrhagic shock. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to approximately 45% total blood loss and randomly divided into seven groups: (1) sham: cannulation, but no hemorrhage; (2) subjected to hemorrhagic shock (HS); (3) electroacupuncture (EA) ST36 after hemorrhage; (4) vagotomy (VGX)/EA: VGX before hemorrhage, then EA ST36; (5) VGX: VGX before hemorrhage; (6) α-bungarotoxin (BGT)/EA: intraperitoneal injection of α-BGT before hemorrhage, then EA ST36; and (7) α-BGT group: α-BGT injection before hemorrhage. Morphological changes in enteric glial cells (EGCs) were observed by immunofluorescence, and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP; a protein marker of enteric glial activation) was evaluated using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. Intestinal cytokine levels, gut permeability to 4-kDa fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran, and the expression and distribution of tight junction protein zona occludens (ZO)-1 were also determined. RESULTS: EGCs were distorted following hemorrhage and showed morphological abnormalities. EA ST36 attenuated the morphological changes in EGCs at 6 h, as compared with the VGX, α-BGT and HS groups. EA ST36 increased GFAP expression to a greater degree than in the other groups. EA ST36 decreased intestinal permeability to FITC-dextran (760.5 ± 96.43 ng/mL vs 2466.7 ± 131.60 ng/mL, P < 0.05) and preserved ZO-1 protein expression and localization at 6 h after hemorrhage compared with the HS group. However, abdominal VGX and α-BGT treatment weakened or eliminated the effects of EA ST36. EA ST36 reduced tumor necrosis factor-α levels in intestinal homogenates after blood loss, while vagotomy or intraperitoneal injection of α-BGT before EA ST36 abolished its anti-inflammatory effects. CONCLUSION: EA ST36 attenuates hemorrhage-induced intestinal inflammatory insult, and protects the intestinal barrier integrity, partly via activation of EGCs. © The Author(s) 2015.


Bao C.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Hu S.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Zhou G.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Tian Y.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Burn Care and Research | Year: 2010

We investigated the effect of carbachol (CAR, a cholinergic agent) on intestinal mucosal blood flow (IMBF), activity of Na+-K +-ATPase, expression of aquaporin (AQP)-1, and intestinal absorption rate during enteral resuscitation of a 35%TBSA scald in rats with a glucose electrolyte solution (GES). One hundred male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham scald (N group); scald without fluid resuscitation (S group); scald resuscitated with enteral GES alone (GES group); scald resuscitated with enteral CAR alone (CAR group); and scald resuscitated with enteral CAR plus GES (GES/CAR group). The rats were inflicted 35%TBSA third degree of scald injury on the back with boiling water (100°C, 15 seconds) in all groups, except the sham scald group. A catheter was inserted into the proximal duodenum (5 cm distal to pylorus) and distal ileum (5 cm proximal to cecum), of each rats through laparotomy, thus a segment of intestine was virtually isolated to form a loop for inlet and outlet of introduced fluid. In N, GES, and GES/CAR groups, fluids were introduced 30 minutes after scald injury. The speed of fluid infusion was 4 ml/kg/1%TBSA for 4 hours. CAR (60 μg/kg) was injected into the intestinal lumen at 30-minute after injury in CAR and GES/CAR groups. At 2 and 4 hours after scald, intestinal absorption rate of water and Na+, and IMBF were determined, respectively. Then, animals were killed, and specimens of intestinal tissue were obtained for the determination of the activity of Na+-K+-ATPase, hematoxylin-eosin coloring, and expression of AQP-1. The intestinal absorption rate was reduced markedly in GES group compared with sham scald group at 2 and 4 hours after scald, and absorption rate of small intestine in GES/CAR was significantly higher than that in GES group (P < .05). It was also found that there was significant decrease in IMBF, activity of Na+-K-ATPase, and expression of AQP-1 in scald group compared with the sham group. However, in GES/CAR group, the levels of these parameters were significantly increased compared with scald groups (P < .05). The results indicate that CAR promotes intestinal absorption rate of water and Na+ by improving IMBF, ATPase activity, and AQP-1 expression in gut mucosa during resuscitation with enteral GES of burn shock in rats. © 2010 by the American Burn Association.


Hu S.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Hou J.-Y.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Wang H.-B.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Yang M.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Sheng Z.-Y.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital
Burns | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to examine whether administration of valproic acid (VPA) improves blood circulation and survival after lethal burn shock. Forty adult male Beagle dogs underwent a 50% TBSA full-thickness flame injury. In the first 24 h after burn, animals were randomly divided into four groups: NR group received no treatment. VPA group and 2M2P(2-methyl-2-pentenoic acid) group received either VPA or 2M2P (100 mg of the either drug in 20 mL of normal saline) intravenously. VR group received intravenous infusion of lactated Ringer's solution according to Parkland formula. In the second 24 h after burn the animals of all groups received delayed IV fluid resuscitation. Hemodynamic variables and biochemical parameters were determined with animals in the conscious and cooperative state. From 4 h after burn on, the levels of mean arterial pressure, cardiac index, plasma volume and intestinal mucosal blood perfusion in VPA group were significantly higher, and the levels of parameters of organ function and serum tumor necrosis factor-α were lower than those in NR group and 2M2P group (all P < 0.05). Survival at 72 h after burn was in following order: VR (100%) > VPA (60%) > 2M2P (30%) > NR (10%). Our results showed that histone deacetylace inhibitor (HDACI) valproic acid significantly improved hemodynamics, intestinal perfusion, and the survival rate after lethal burn shock. The mechanism may be attributable partly to the lowering of the level of proinflammatory factors, ameriolation of vasopermeability-induced visceral edema, reduction of blood volume loss, and protection of vital organs through inhibition of histone deacetylase activity of cell of vital organs. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.


Luo H.-M.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Hu S.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Bai H.-Y.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Wang H.-B.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Burn Care and Research | Year: 2014

Burn injury may result in multiple organ dysfunction partially because of apoptotic cell death. The authors have previously shown that valproic acid (VPA) improves survival in a dog burn model. The aim of this study is to examine whether a VPA improves survival in a rodent burn model and whether this was because of inhibition of cell apoptosis. Rats were subjected to third-degree 55% TBSA burns and randomized to treatment with a VPA (300 mg/kg) or normal saline. One group of animals was monitored for 12 hours for survival analysis; another group was killed at 6 hours after injury, and brains, hearts, and blood samples were harvested for examination. Plasma creatine kinase (CK)-MB activities and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels were measured to evaluate the cardiac and brain damages. The effects of a VPA on acetylation of histone H3 and caspase-3 activation were also evaluated. Major burn injury resulted in a significant decrease in the acetylation of histone H3, and there was an increase in plasma CK-MB activities, NSE concentrations, and tissue levels of activated caspase-3. A VPA treatment significantly increased the acetylation of histone H3 and survival of the animals after major burn injury. In addition, a VPA treatment significantly attenuated the plasma CK-MB activities, an NSE concentrations, and inhibited caspase-3 activation after major burn injury. These results indicate that a VPA can attenuate cardiac and brain injury, and can improve survival in a rodent model of lethal burn injury. These protective effects may be mediated in part through the inhibition of caspase-3 activation. © 2013 by the American Burn Association.


Lv Y.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Hu S.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Lu J.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Dong N.,First Hospital Affiliated to the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Mediators of Inflammation | Year: 2014

Nonneuronal cholinergic system plays a primary role in maintaining homeostasis. It has been proved that endogenous neuronal acetylcholine (ACh) could play an anti-inflammatory role, and exogenous cholinergic agonists could weaken macrophages inflammatory response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation through activation of α 7 subunit-containing nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α 7nAChR). We assumed that nonneuronal cholinergic system existing in macrophages could modulate inflammation through autocrine ACh and expressed α 7nAChR on the cells. Therefore, we explored whether LPS continuous stimulation could upregulate the nonneuronal cholinergic activity in macrophages and whether increasing autocrine ACh could decrease TNF release from the macrophages. The results showed that, in RAW264.7 cells incubated with LPS for 20 hours, the secretion of ACh was significantly decreased at 4 h and then gradually increased, accompanied with the enhancement of α 7nAChR expression level. The release of TNF was greatly increased from RAW264.7 cells at 4 h and 8 h exposure to LPS; however, it was suppressed at 20 h. Upregulating choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) expression through ChAT gene transfection could enhance ACh secretion and reduce TNF release from the infected RAW264. 7cells. The results indicated that LPS stimulation could modulate the activity of nonneuronal cholinergic system of RAW264.7 cells. Enhancing autocrine ACh production could attenuate TNF release from RAW264.7 cells. © 2014 Yi Lv et al.


Chi Y.F.,First Hospital Affiliated to The Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Chai J.K.,First Hospital Affiliated to The Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Luo H.M.,First Hospital Affiliated to The Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Zhang Q.X.,First Hospital Affiliated to The Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital | Feng R.,First Hospital Affiliated to The Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2015

We explored the safety of recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) for healing burns in children. Subjects were randomly assigned to two groups: the experimental group received external rhGM-CSF gel, and the control group received rhGM-CSF gel matrix components, applied to the burn surface. Neither group was given any other drugs that promote wound healing. Each day we recorded the pulse, body temperature, and respiration status in the two groups. We detected the blood routine, urine routine, and hepatic and renal function before the patients received drug treatment and after 72 h. The wound scab and healing states in the two groups were recorded every 4 days to evaluate wound healing rate and time taken for complete healing. Adverse reactions and their rate of occurrence were also recorded. The median time of healing was 15 days in the experimental group and 19 days in the control group (log-rank χ2 = 5.139, P < 0.05). After 10 days, the experimental group healing rate was consistently higher than that of the control group (significantly different using intuitive analysis), suggesting the experimental group method was more effective. There were no obvious adverse reactions. There was no significant difference between the blood routine, urine routine, and liver and kidney function in the two groups before the treatment and after 3 days (P > 0.05). Compared with saline treatment of severe burns, rhGM-CSF can effectively shorten the healing time without significant adverse reactions, and is an effective and safe treatment for burns in children. © FUNPEC-RP.

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