Liu X.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University |
Shi M.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University |
Xia F.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University |
Han J.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University |
And 9 more authors.
International Journal of Stroke | Year: 2015
Rationale: Epidemiological studies suggest that elevated homocysteine is linked to stroke and heart disease. However, the results of lowering homocysteine levels in reducing the risk of stroke recurrence are controversial. Aims: The study aims to evaluate whether homocysteine-lowering therapy with folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12 reduces recurrent stroke events and other combined incidence of recurrent vascular events and vascular death in ischemic stroke patients of low folate regions. Design: This is a multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. Patients (n=8000, α=0·05, β=0·10) within one-month of ischemic stroke (large-artery atherosclerosis or small-vessel occlusion) or hypertensive intracerebral haemorrhage with plasma homocysteine level ≥15μmol/l will be enrolled. Eligible patients will be randomized by a web-based, random allocation system to receive multivitamins (folic acid 0·8mg, vitamin B6 10mg, and vitamin B12 500μg) or matching placebo daily with a median follow-up of three-years. Study Outcomes: Patients will be evaluated at six monthly intervals. The primary outcome event is the composite event 'stroke, myocardial infarction, or death from any vascular cause', whichever occurs first. Secondary outcome measures include nonvascular death, transient ischemic attack, depression, dementia, unstable angina, revascularization procedures of the coronary, and cerebral and peripheral circulations. Discussion: This is the first multicenter randomized trial of secondary prevention for ischemic stroke in a Chinese population with a higher homocysteine level but without folate food fortification. © 2013 World Stroke Organization.
Cao C.Q.,First Hospital
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2011
To study the clinical and molecular epidemiology characteristics of human Bocavirus 1-3 (HBoV1-3) in children for acute respiratory infection in Lanzhou area. Nasopharyngeal aspiration samples and throat swabs were collected from 524 children with ARTI at the First Hospital of Lanzhou University, Gansu Province, China, between December 2009 and November 2010. Nested PCR was employed to screening HBoV1-3, which amplified a 518-bp fragment of the partial NS1 gene. Furthermore, a standard reverse transcription-PCR was used to screen for other common respiratory viruses. The overall frequency of HBoV was 8.2% (43/524), lining up behind human rhinovirus, RSV, parainfluenza virus 3. Thirty of the HBoV-postive children(69.8%) were co-infected with other respiratory viruses. The prevalence of HBoV1 in ALRTI was obviously higher than that in AURI. The 2 HBoV2 NS1 sequences shared 99% and 100% nucleotide sequence identity with HBoV2 strain CU47TH respectively. Two cases of HBoV2 postive children appears gastrointestinal symptoms. The one HBoV3 NS1 sequences shared 99% nucleotide sequence identity with HBoV3 isolate 46-BJ07. The HBoV3 was detected at the first time in lanzhou area. HBoV1-3 infection exists in children with acute respiratory tract infections in Lanzhou region, HBoV1 were dominant. The mixed infection rate was higher.
Zhou F.,First Hospital Qiqihar |
Mu Y.-D.,Mudanjiang Medical College |
Liang J.,Mudanjiang Medical College |
Liu Z.-X.,Mudanjiang Medical College |
And 5 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2015
Since the identification of cancer stem cells (CSCs) a new understanding of tumor occurrence and development has evolved. According to the stem cell (SC) theory, colorectal carcinoma (CRC) SCs may be derived from mutations in normal intestinal cells. CSCs can be defined by their cell of origin (SCs or early progenitor cells). Thus, through a shared stem cell marker between CSCs and SCs, it is possible to investigate the association between its expression and the various clinicopathological features in patients with CRC. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) is an appropriate marker. The present study was performed to examine the role of ALDH1 in CRC. Through indirect fluorescence antibody staining, the association between ALDH1 protein expression and various clinicopathological parameters was investigated. Furthermore, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to investigate the differing content of ALDH1 between CRC tissues and normal colorectal tissues. The results revealed that ALDH1 expression was markedly associated with tumor stage, Dukes' stage and the level of tumor cell differentiation. Using ELISA, it was demonstrated that there was a greater level of ALDH1 in CRC tissue than in normal colorectal tissue. Therefore, ALDH1 levels can be used as a useful parameter for pathological evaluation of tissue histology and to predict disease prognosis.
Shi Y.-A.,Jilin University |
Zhao Q.,First Hospital |
Zhang L.-H.,Jilin University |
Du W.,Jilin University |
And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2014
Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is the catalytic component of telomerase that facilitates tumor cell invasion and proliferation. It has been reported that telomerase and hTERT are significantly upregulated in majority of cancers including cervical cancer, thus, downregulation of hTERT is a promising target in malignant tumor treatment. We established a short interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting hTERT, and transfected it into HeLa cells (a cervical cancer cell line) to investi gate the effect of cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion in cervical cancer cells. The results showed that siRNA targeting hTERT could effectively knock down hTERT expression, remarkably suppress telomerase activity, cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and induced cell apoptosis of cervical cancers cells in vitro. In addition, we evaluated whether siRNA targeting hTERT affects tumor growth in nude mice, and found that it dramatically inhibited tumorigenesis and growth of mice injected with siRNA targeting hTERT. Furthermore, we also found that knockdown of hTERT was able to significantly suppress constitutive phosphorylation of Akt, PI3K, which might imply that reduction of hTERT inhibited tumor growth via the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway to some extent. These results suggest that the suppression of hTERT expression by siRNA inhibits cervical cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo, and may provide a novel target for anticancer gene therapy.
Liu P.,Xian Jiaotong University |
Song J.,Xian Childrens Hospital |
Su H.,Xian Jiaotong University |
Li L.,Central Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013
Background:A number of observational studies have been conducted to investigate the association of the IL-10 gene polymorphisms with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility. However, their results are conflicting.Method:We searched published case-control studies on the IL-10 polymorphisms and SLE in PubMed, EMBASE and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database. A meta-analysis was conducted using a fixed-effect or random-effect model based on between-study heterogeneity.Results:A total of 42 studies with 7948 cases and 11866 controls were included in this meta-analysis. Among Caucasians, the CA27 allele of the IL10.G microsatellites (OR 2.38, 95% CI 1.01-5.62), the G allele of the IL-10 -1082G/A polymorphism (G vs. A: OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.02-1.44; GG vs. AA: OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.16-1.82; GG+GA vs. AA: OR 1.16, 95% CI 1.03-1.29) and its associated haplotype -1082G/-819C/-592C (OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.10-1.42) were associated with increased SLE susceptibility without or with unimportant between-study heterogeneity. Removing studies deviating from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) hardly changed these results. Among Asians, the CA21 allele of the IL-10.G microsatellites (OR 1.28, 95% CI 1.02-1.60) and the -1082G/-819C/-592C haplotype (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.00-1.53) were associated with increased SLE susceptibility, but with substantial between-study heterogeneity or sensitive to HWE status. Removing studies deviating from HWE also produced statistically significant associations of the IL-10 -1082G/A (GG vs. AA: OR 3.21, 95% CI 1.24-8.28; GG vs. AA+GA: OR 2.85, 95% CI 1.19-6.79) and -592C/A polymorphisms (CC+CA vs. AA: OR 0.69, 95% CI 0.51-0.94) with SLE among Asians.Conclusion:This meta-analysis showed that the IL10.G microsatellites, the IL-10 -1082G/A and -592C/A polymorphisms and the haplotype -1082G/-819C/-592C are associated with SLE susceptibility. Besides, this is the first time to report an association between the CA27 allele of the IL-10.G microsatellites and SLE among Caucasians. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings. © 2013 Liu et al.